smoke spread
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

119
(FIVE YEARS 48)

H-INDEX

11
(FIVE YEARS 3)

Author(s):  
Jiaming Zhao ◽  
Zhisheng Xu ◽  
Houlin Ying ◽  
Xueqi Guan ◽  
Kunkun Chu ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 118 ◽  
pp. 104192
Author(s):  
Jiaqiang Han ◽  
Fei Wang ◽  
Zihao Wang ◽  
Pengqiang Geng ◽  
Fang Liu ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Li Xin ◽  
Zhang Yuanyuan ◽  
Jia Boyan ◽  
Zhang Guowei ◽  
Zheng Li

Investigating the behavior of fire smoke in utility tunnel as well as smoke prevention and control measures are of vital significance for exhausting smoke from utility tunnel, realizing efficient firefighting and rescue, and guaranteeing the normal operation of cities. Taking utility tunnel as the research background, this paper builds a simulation calculation model for fire smoke prevention and control in the utility tunnel using PyroSim numerical simulation software and explores the rules of smoke spread under conditions such as building ceiling screen, changing fire compartmentation tightness, and adding smoke exhaust facilities. According to study results, before the tunnel was filled with smoke, ceiling screens lowered smoke spread rate, and smoke spread rate was inversely proportional to the ceiling screen height. When the fire door was opened, fire smoke spread to the adjacent fire compartment, and smoke spread rate was directly proportional to the fire door opening angle. Before the tunnel was filled up, mechanical smoke exhaust facilities significantly lowered the smoke spread rate by as much as 50%. When the entire tunnel was full of smoke, mechanical smoke exhaust facilities significantly reduced the smoke concentration in the utility tunnel; smoke layer temperature dropped by as much as 32°C, while visibility improved by as much as 66%. By studying smoke spread in utility tunnel, this paper aims to determine the optimal measures of preventing and controlling smoke spread in utility tunnel. This paper could also offer some reference for practical engineering applications in smoke prevention and control in utility tunnel.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Mohammad Musa Al-Janabi

<p>There is a growing demand for building green buildings that are perceived to have benefits environmentally through promoting recycling, energy efficiency and efficient use of resources. The green movement has also led to innovative technologies that are focused on reducing cost. However, the fire safety industry has concerns with the use of certain technologies that create passages for smoke and fire to spread such as passive ventilation or materials that can burn severely and release large amount of toxins. The benefit of this research is to determine which features are high risk and are commonly used. The aim of this research is to investigate whether sustainable or green features have an influence on fire safety in commercial buildings and determine which feature or features would have the most significant implications for building safety in regards to tenability. A detailed investigation was done on passive ventilation such as double skin facade and the thesis also briefly discusses other green features and their implications. There were two methods used to collect data. The first was a qualitative study done through sending out surveys to fire engineers to rate and rank the most significant features that have negative implications for fire safety in reference to the New Zealand Building Code Fire Safety Section criteria and objectives. Then, a one hour interview was carried out to determine the reason behind the engineers’ choice and their perceptions. The results from the surveys and the interviews were that double skin facade and atrium were ranked the most significant. The surveys established double skin facade has the highest ranking in terms of the worst feature, and the fire engineers reinforced that double skin facade needs to be studied as there is not enough research that have gone into this feature. While atrium issues are known and mitigation measures are well developed. A subsequent analysis for only double skin facade is conducted using Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) because little literature is found in regards to fire safety and double skin facade. FDS was used to simulate 14 small models and 2 large models for the best and worst scenarios of DSF. Each of the 14 models, one to three parameters are changed as part of the sensitivity study to determine which parameter have the most and least effect on fire safety in term of Carbon Monoxide (CO) and visibility. The issues the engineers raised and the mitigation measures were modelled, because the engineers had stated their opinions not facts. The output results from FDS illustrated that it is essential that the system shuts off in a fire event to prevent smoke spread to upper floors, which is the same mitigation measure that were emphasised at the interviews.</p>


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
◽  
Mohammad Musa Al-Janabi

<p>There is a growing demand for building green buildings that are perceived to have benefits environmentally through promoting recycling, energy efficiency and efficient use of resources. The green movement has also led to innovative technologies that are focused on reducing cost. However, the fire safety industry has concerns with the use of certain technologies that create passages for smoke and fire to spread such as passive ventilation or materials that can burn severely and release large amount of toxins. The benefit of this research is to determine which features are high risk and are commonly used. The aim of this research is to investigate whether sustainable or green features have an influence on fire safety in commercial buildings and determine which feature or features would have the most significant implications for building safety in regards to tenability. A detailed investigation was done on passive ventilation such as double skin facade and the thesis also briefly discusses other green features and their implications. There were two methods used to collect data. The first was a qualitative study done through sending out surveys to fire engineers to rate and rank the most significant features that have negative implications for fire safety in reference to the New Zealand Building Code Fire Safety Section criteria and objectives. Then, a one hour interview was carried out to determine the reason behind the engineers’ choice and their perceptions. The results from the surveys and the interviews were that double skin facade and atrium were ranked the most significant. The surveys established double skin facade has the highest ranking in terms of the worst feature, and the fire engineers reinforced that double skin facade needs to be studied as there is not enough research that have gone into this feature. While atrium issues are known and mitigation measures are well developed. A subsequent analysis for only double skin facade is conducted using Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) because little literature is found in regards to fire safety and double skin facade. FDS was used to simulate 14 small models and 2 large models for the best and worst scenarios of DSF. Each of the 14 models, one to three parameters are changed as part of the sensitivity study to determine which parameter have the most and least effect on fire safety in term of Carbon Monoxide (CO) and visibility. The issues the engineers raised and the mitigation measures were modelled, because the engineers had stated their opinions not facts. The output results from FDS illustrated that it is essential that the system shuts off in a fire event to prevent smoke spread to upper floors, which is the same mitigation measure that were emphasised at the interviews.</p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 2090 (1) ◽  
pp. 012100
Author(s):  
P Weisenpacher ◽  
J Glasa ◽  
L Valasek ◽  
T Kubisova

Abstract This paper investigates smoke movement and its stratification in a lay-by of a 900 m long road tunnel by computer simulation using Fire Dynamics Simulator. The lay-by is located upstream of the fire in its vicinity. The influence of lay-by geometry on smoke spread is evaluated by comparison with a fictional tunnel without lay-by. Several fire scenarios with various tunnel slopes and heat release rates of fire in the tunnels without and with the lay-by are considered. The most significant breaking of smoke stratification and decrease of visibility in the area of the lay-by can be observed in the case of zero slope tunnel for more intensive fires with significant length of backlayering. Several other features of smoke spread in the lay-by are analysed as well. The parallel calculations were performed on a high-performance computer cluster.


2021 ◽  
pp. 111540
Author(s):  
Jiaqiang Han ◽  
Zihao Wang ◽  
Pengqiang Geng ◽  
Fei Wang ◽  
Jennifer Wen ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (19) ◽  
pp. 10584
Author(s):  
Desheng Xu ◽  
Yanfeng Li ◽  
Junmei Li ◽  
Jin Zhang ◽  
Jiaxin Li

In this study, three full-scale experiments and a series of numerical simulations were conducted to investigate the influence of subway platform height and atrium ceiling height of subway stations on smoke control by mechanical exhausting systems. The smoke temperature variation with time, maximum temperature distribution, and smoke stratification were discussed. Results showed that the atrium had capacity to store smoke, especially at the early stage of smoke spread. However, the efficiency of smoke extraction did not increase simply with the rise in platform height and atrium ceiling height, and favorable smoke exhaust velocity was crucial for smoke elimination. The optimal smoke exhaust velocity was studied by numerical simulation and it was found that the area of smoke diffusion in subway stations with a higher platform was significantly smaller under the optimal smoke exhaust velocity. In addition, a prediction model of optimal smoke exhaust velocity with subway platform height was proposed. This study could provide on-site data and smoke spread characteristics for smoke control design, operation, and, significantly, guide safety evacuation of the exhaust system of subway stations.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document