martensitic transformations
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2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
P O Rusinov ◽  
Zh M Blednova ◽  
G V Kurapov

The studies carried out show that the task of ensuring the reliability and expanding the functionality of products operating under multifactorial effects (temperature, force, deformation) can be successfully solved by functionally oriented surface composite materials with thermoelastic martensitic transformations (TMT). The authors proposed the technology of layer-by-layer synthesis of functionally-oriented composite layered materials with TMT in argon environment, implemented on patented equipment in a single technological cycle. This technology determines not only the novelty, but also the economic feasibility of technical solutions. We also suggested step-by-step methods of thermal and thermomechanical treatment of composite layered materials with TMT, which contribute to the structure stabilization while decreasing residual stress. On the basis of complex X-ray diffraction and electron microscopic studies, we determined the structural parameters of High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (HVOF) materials obtained by HVOF with subsequent thermal and thermomechanical treatment and ceramic materials ZrO2-Y2O3-CeO2-Al2O3 stabilized with Al2O3 with subsequent heat treatment. We investigated the microhardness of surface high-entropy and ceramic materials. Tests for "friction-wear" and mechanical high-cycle fatigue of steels with a composite surface laminate showed decrease in the wear rate and increase in the cyclic durability.

Metals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 127
Lei Wang ◽  
He Li ◽  
Yong Huang ◽  
Kehong Wang ◽  
Ming Zhou

In this work, the effects of preheating temperatures on martensitic transformations in a laser beam-welded AH36 steel joint were observed using a numerical study. In the same weld, the martensitic contents increased slightly from the upper area, the middle area to the lower area, and simulated martensite contents in the fusion zone were slightly lower than that in the HAZ (Heat Affected Zone). Under different preheating temperatures, simulated martensitic contents decrease with the increase of the preheating temperature. According to the simulated results, the average cooling rate and the CCT (Continuous Cooling Transformation) diagram were drawn to analyze the relationships between preheating temperatures and martensitic transformations. Simulated martensitic contents agreed well with the experimental metallographic microstructures. Moreover, the measured microhardness was reduced with the increasing preheating temperature, and measured microhardness in HAZ was higher than that in the fusion zone. The accuracy of the simulation results was further confirmed. The main significance of this work is to provide a numerical model to design martensitic contents in order to control the performances of the weld, avoiding many tests.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1213 (1) ◽  
pp. 012006
M P Kashchenko ◽  
N M Kashchenko ◽  
V G Chashchina

Abstract The dynamic theory of martensitic transformations (MT) considers the formation of habit planes of martensite crystals as a consequence of the propagation of a controlling wave process (CWP). The general ideology makes it possible, by comparing the observed habits with calculations of the elastic fields of defects (as a rule, dislocations), to identify nucleation centers. In a number of cases (In-Tl alloys, Ni50Mn50 alloys, Heusler alloys …) under MT in the shape memory alloys, {110} habits are observed (in the basis of the initial cubic phase), which often have a fine twin structure with twin boundaries of the same type. This highly symmetric structure is described by the CWP containing longitudinal waves (both relatively long-wavelength ℓ and short-wavelength s) propagating along the 4-order symmetry axes. In this paper, it is shown that such habits are associated with rectilinear segments of dislocation loops with directions Λ along <001> and Burgers vectors along <010> (or <110>) orthogonal to Λ, both for sliding and for prismatic loops. The tetragonality, the relative volume change during the MT, and the dependence of the start temperature M s on changes in the concentration of alloy components are also briefly discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1213 (1) ◽  
pp. 011001

The Fourth international conference “Shape Memory Alloys” (SMA 2021) continues the tradition of regular scientific events on shape memory alloys held in various cities of the Soviet Union: Kiev (1980, 1991), Voronezh (1982), Tomsk (1985), Novgorod (1989), Kosov (1991), St. Petersburg (1995). These days, the First conference “Shape Memory Alloys: properties, technologies, and prospects” was held in 2014 in Vitebsk (Belarus), the Second one – in 2016 in St. Petersburg, the Third one – in 2018 in Chelyabinsk. The aim of the conference is to review modern research and development directions in the field of shape memory alloys and related phenomena: from studying their structure, physical, mechanical, and functional properties to mathematical modeling of the shape memory materials’ behavior and their applications. The conference schedule comprised oral and poster presentations in the framework of three parallel sections: • Structure, martensitic transformations and shape memory effects in alloys. • The theory of martensitic transformations and shape memory effect: modeling and calculations. • Novel materials. The manufacturing technology and application of shape memory alloys. Editors of Proceedings: Sergey Prokoshkin, Natalia Resnina, Sergey Dubinskiy, Yulia Zhukova, Vadim Sheremetyev, Victor Komarov, Kristina Polyakova List of Organizers, Program committee, Local Organizing Committee are available in this pdf.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1213 (1) ◽  
pp. 012001
A V Sibirev ◽  
M V Alchibaev ◽  
I A Palani ◽  
S Jayachandran ◽  
A Sahu ◽  

Abstract The aim of the paper was to study the one-way and two-way shape memory effects in the NiTi nanofilm/Kapton composite. 500 nm film of the Ni50Ti50 alloy was deposited to Kapton by flash evaporation. After deposition, the NiTi layer was amorphous and the sample was held at a temperature of 350 - 400 °C for two hours in vacuum to crystallize the NiTi layer. As deposited sample as well as samples after heat treatment were bent around the mandrel with various diameters at room temperature and subjected to heating – cooling – heating through a temperature range of the martensitic transformations. It was shown that as-deposited sample did not demonstrate the recoverable stain variation. At the same time, the heat treated sample demonstrated the one-way shape memory effect on heating and a maximum recoverable strain was found to be 2 %. The two-way shape memory effect was not observed on further cooling and heating.

A. N. Monogenov ◽  
V. E. Gyunter ◽  
E. S. Marchenko ◽  
S. G. Anikeev ◽  
V. N. Khodorenko ◽  

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