in situ stress
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2022 ◽  
Vol 114 ◽  
pp. 103580
Nicholas Thompson ◽  
Jamie Stuart Andrews ◽  
Long Wu ◽  
Renata Meneguolo

2022 ◽  
Javier Alejandro Franquet ◽  
Viraj Nitin Telang ◽  
Hayat Abdi Ibrahim Jibar ◽  
Karem Alejandra Khan

Abstract The scope of this work is to measure downhole fracture-initiation pressures in multiple carbonate reservoirs located onshore about 50 km from Abu Dhabi city. The objective of characterizing formation breakdown across several reservoirs is to quantify the maximum gas and CO2 injection capacity on each reservoir layer for pressure maintenance and enhance oil recovery operations. This study also acquires pore pressure and fracture closure pressure measurements for calibrating the geomechanical in-situ stress model and far-field lateral strain boundary conditions. Several single-probe pressure drawdown and straddle packer microfrac injection tests provide accurate downhole measurements of reservoir pore pressure, fracture initiation, reopening and fracture closure pressures. These tests are achieved using a wireline or pipe-conveyed straddle packer logging tool capable to isolate 3 feet of openhole formation in a vertical pilot hole across five Lower Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs zones. The fracture closure pressures are obtained from three decline methods during the pressure fall-off after fracture propagation injection cycle. The three methods are: (1) square-root of the shut-in time, (2) G-Function pressure derivative, and (3) Log-Log pressure derivative. The far-field strain values are estimated by multi-variable regression from the microfrac test data and the core-calibrated static elastic properties of the formations where the stress tests are done. The reservoir pressure across these carbonate formations are between 0.48 to 0.5 psi/ft with a value repeatability of 0.05 psi among build-up tests and 0.05 psi/min of pressure stability. The formation breakdown pressures are obtained between 0.97 and 1.12 psi/ft over 5,500 psi above hydrostatic pressure. The in-situ fracture closure measurements provide the magnitude of the minimum horizontal stress 0.74 - 0.83 psi/ft which is used to back-calculate the lateral strain values (0.15 and 0.72 mStrain) as far-field boundary condition for subsequent geomechanical modeling. These measurements provide critical subsurface information to accurately predict wellbore stability, hydraulic fracture containment and CO2 injection capacity for effective enhance oil recovery within these reservoirs. This in-situ stress wellbore data represents the first of its kind in the field allowing petroleum and reservoir engineers to optimize the subsurface injection plans for efficient field developing.

Geothermics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 98 ◽  
pp. 102282
Pengju Xing ◽  
John McLennan ◽  
Joseph Moore

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 308 ◽  
pp. 121991
Feng Miao ◽  
Di Wu ◽  
Xueying Liu ◽  
Xiaochun Xiao ◽  
Wenbo Zhai ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 83-106
Yong Li ◽  
Jianghao Yang ◽  
Jianqi Chen ◽  
Xiaotian Ma ◽  
Jianchao Cai

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 251
Liqin Ding ◽  
Zhiqiao Wang ◽  
Jianguo Lv ◽  
Yu Wang ◽  
Baolin Liu

Severe wellbore stability issues were reported while drilling in laminated formation with weak planes such as beddings. To accurately determine the safe mud weight according to the changing environment is of primary importance for safety control of drilling. Considering both the elastic and strength anisotropy of bedding formation, a novel theoretical model is established and the stress and failure around wellbores are analyzed. The accuracy and applicability of the theoretical model is verified by in situ field data. For the purpose of fulfilling real-time prediction, the method flowchart of programming is also provided. The results show that the model built can be conveniently used to predict the stress distribution, failure area, and collapse and fracture pressure while drilling, and rather good predictions can be made compared to real field data. In addition, the inhomogeneity of in situ stress and elastic parameters affect the upper limit of the safe mud weight window (SMWW) greater than the lower limit. Negative SMWW may appear with the direction change of the wellbore or weak plane, especially when the azimuths of them change. As to the magnitude of SMWW, the anisotropic effects of Young’s modulus are greater than the Poisson’s ratio. The method established in this paper can greatly help with the precise prediction of wellbore stability as drilling proceeds in bedding formation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Huiqing Wang ◽  
Chengxuan Tan ◽  
Chengjun Feng ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Bangshen Qi ◽  

In China, rockburst disaster occurs mostly in construction of underground engineering in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent region. Previous research on deep-buried tunnels has indicated that tunnels stability is related to in situ stress state. To quantify these relationships, three-dimensional finite element modeling was done to analyze the influences that the angle φ between the maximum horizontal principal stress orientation and tunnel axis, and the lateral pressure coefficient KH, had on the tangential stress σ θ in a deep-buried-curved tunnel. Based on the in situ stress condition in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent region, 50 different simulation conditions were used to analyze the relationship that φ and KH had on σ θ for the rock mass surrounding the tunnel. With the simulation data produced, predictive equations were generated for σ θ as a function of φ and KH using multivariate regression analysis. These equations help estimate σ θ at various key positons along the tunnel boundary at Qinghai-Tibet plateau and its adjacent region. The equations were then proved by a set of typical tunnels to ensure validity. The results concluded that the change in φ has a significant impact on σ θ , and thus, the stability of the tunnel, when 30° < φ < 60°, with the most obvious influence being when φ is about 45°. With the equations, the rockburst potential at a certain location within a curved tunnel can be quickly estimated by calculating φ and KH on σ θ , without need of geo-stress background knowledge and heavy simulation, allowing for the practical value in engineering at design phase for the projects in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent region.

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