Pozzolanic Reaction
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

321
(FIVE YEARS 165)

H-INDEX

29
(FIVE YEARS 10)

Author(s):  
Nisrine El Fami ◽  
Hind Agourrame ◽  
Nacer Khachani ◽  
Ali Boukhari ◽  
Adeljebbar Diouri

The Moroccan cement industry is looking for new processes to effectively minimize the high energy costs associated to cement manufacturing. This work presents the effect of three types of limestone with different chemical compositions and different CaCO3 contents on the physical and mechanical properties of resulting composite cements by the addition of fly ash in the proportions by weight of: 5 % and 10 %. The samples are studied in order to evaluate the interaction between different types of limestone and fly ash. Ternary cements based on fly ash-limestone-clinker induce a significant prolongation of the setting time compared to binary cements based on limestone-clinker. The substitution of clinker by limestone induces an improvement in mechanical strength compared to ternary cements in the first days; at 28 days, cements prepared with fly ashes reach significant strength due to their pozzolanic reaction.


Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 367
Author(s):  
Kira Weise ◽  
Neven Ukrainczyk ◽  
Aaron Duncan ◽  
Eduardus Koenders

This study aims to increase the pozzolanic reactivity of metakaolin (MK) in Portland cement (PC) blends by adding additional calcium hydroxide (CH_add) to the initial mixture. Cement paste samples were prepared with PC, MK and water with a water-to-binder ratio of 0.6. Cement replacement ratios were chosen from 5 to 40 wt.% MK. For higher replacement ratios, i.e., 20, 30 and 40 wt.% MK, CH_add was included in the mixture. CH_add-to-MK ratios of 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 were investigated. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried out to study the pozzolanic reactivity after 1, 7, 28 and 56 days of hydration. A modified mass balance approach was used to normalize thermogravimetric data and to calculate the calcium hydroxide (CH) consumption of samples with CH_add. Results showed that, without CH_add, a replacement ratio of 30 wt.% or higher results in the complete consumption of CH after 28 days at the latest. In these samples, the pozzolanic reaction of MK turned out to be restricted by the amount of CH available from the cement hydration. The increased amount of CH in the samples with CH_add resulted in an enhanced pozzolanic reaction of MK as confirmed by CH consumption measurements from TGA.


2021 ◽  
Vol 904 ◽  
pp. 435-440
Author(s):  
Thunthanut Inyai ◽  
Phongthorn Julphunthong ◽  
Panuwat Joyklad

The present study evaluated the engineering properties and microstructure of an alternative binder composed of calcium carbide residue and silica fume. The cementitious mechanisms of this alternative binder based on the pozzolanic reaction in raw materials. The ratio of calcium carbide residue and silica fume was decided based on the chemical composition of raw materials and their chemical reaction. The calcium carbide residue-silica fume mortar was prepared and tested for its compressive strength at several curing periods, with results then compared to conventional mortar made with ordinary Portland cement. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used to investigate the microstructure of hardened mortars. The test results suggest that the compressive strength of calcium carbide residue-silica fume mortar continuously developed throughout the curing period. The relative compressive strength of calcium carbide residue-silica fume mortar reached 72.78% of the ordinary Portland cement mortar strength at 28 days curing age.


2021 ◽  
Vol 904 ◽  
pp. 429-434
Author(s):  
Papantasorn Manprom ◽  
Phongthorn Julphunthong ◽  
Pithiwat Tiantong ◽  
Tawat Suriwong

The development of new environmentally friendly binder from calcium carbide residue and fly ash wastes were investigated in this study. The key point of this work is difference to several previous investigations in that the optimized mixture proportion of the raw materials were calculated based on their chemical composition and their reaction. The compressive strength development over the curing age was also compared with reference mortar created with OPC binder. Mortar cubes were cast from the mix containing the calcium carbide residue and fly ash, at the optimized ratio. The compressive strength of the mortar was then monitored over an extended period: at 56 days it was 10.66 MPa, which is approximately 47% of the reference mortar. The morphologies and chemical compositions of the developed mortar showed the presence of spherically shaped of unreacted fly ash powder particles embedded in a cement C–S–H gel resulting from the pozzolanic reaction of raw materials.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 18
Author(s):  
Dimitra Kosmidi ◽  
Chrysa Panagiotopoulou ◽  
Panagiotis Angelopoulos ◽  
Maria Taxiarchou

Kaolin is an industrial mineral used in a wide variety of applications due to its crystalline structure, mineral and elemental composition. After kaolin undergoes heat treatment in a specific temperature range, metakaolin, which exhibits a strong pozzolanic reaction, is formed. This paper examines the effects of different kaolin qualities on the thermal activation process of metakaolin production. The qualities of kaolin depend on the impurities they contain, such as mica, feldspar and quartz. In this study, four different samples of kaolin are investigated. Each sample was heat treated in a lab-scale rotary kiln in order to study the chemical, structural and morphological changes that occurred and their influence on pozzolanic activity. The parameters being considered in the experimental process were the temperature and the duration of the treatment. Thus, the calcination process for each of the four kaolin types was carried out at 600, 650 and 700 °C for 3 h. The occurred changes were monitored using XRD, FTIR and DTA analysis. Additionally, the reactivity of all thermally treated samples was evaluated based on the Chapelle test. The results showed that the fewer the impurities, the easier the transformation of the material to metakaolin. The optimum result was the metakaolin, which originated from the purest quality of kaolin and was comparable to the commercial product. Finally, the pozzolanic activity of the thermally activated samples also depended on the purity of the kaolin.


2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Prinya Chindaprasirt ◽  
Apichit Kampala ◽  
Pattawitchaya Daprom ◽  
Peerapong Jitsangiam ◽  
Suksun Horpibulsuk

Abstract Stabilization with cement is the most commonly used technique for the improvement of soil physical, mechanical, and engineering properties. This research reported on the properties of the rejuvenation for recycled soil cement with incorporation of fly ash (FA). The study showed that the specific gravity of Rejuvenated Soil Cement (RSC) decreased with increasing FA. The free swell ratio and linear shrinkage of RSC were significantly decreased with the increase in FA. The maximum dry unit weight of RSC increased with increasing FA up to the optimum FA content of 20 – 25 %. The optimum water content in compaction was relatively constant with the increase in FA. Particularly, the strength improvement in active zone of FA-RSC was influenced by several factors viz., compaction, packing, rehydration, and pozzolanic reaction. As a result, the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of RSC increased with increase in FA and curing time. This research clearly showed that the rejuvenation of soil-cement with FA as additive was successful. It was also shown that the normalized UCSs of RSC at various curing times could be used to predict the UCSs at 7 and 28 days.


Author(s):  
Hossam. A. Elaqra ◽  
◽  
Saddam H. Qarmout ◽  
Jehad T. Hamad ◽  
Eyad A. Hadad ◽  
...  

With the growth of the global population, two major problems have emerged. Firstly, a significant amount of domestic and industrial waste is discarded and placed in landfills. Secondly, there is a necessity for more construction and building materials. This research discusses the use of alternative green resources for construction materials taken from recycled organic waste, which represents more than 60% of the total waste generated by humans. Results showed that, after incineration at 750 °C, the reminder represented less than 15% of the original mass of the waste. The waste was separated into five groups: bottom ash (BA) powder, this part represented 5% of the reminder after incineration (for replacing cement); sand; and fine, medium and coarse aggregates. The powder underwent a pozzolanic reaction and the optimum replacement was 10% for the powder, 30% for the sand, and 10% for the fine, medium, and coarse aggregates. A higher compressive strength was applied to the medium aggregate replacement and a lower one for the fine aggregate. In general, BA can be used as an aggregate replacement as the powder undergoes a pozzolanic reaction and can used as a replacement for cement.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1200 (1) ◽  
pp. 012001
Author(s):  
A S Nurfarhanna ◽  
A Suraya Hani ◽  
O Mohamad Hairi ◽  
J Zalipah ◽  
AH Noor Azlina ◽  
...  

Abstract Railway’s concrete sleepers demand high consumption of cement which generates higher energy assumption and carbon emission. Meanwhile, in Malaysia, around 100 tonnes of palm oil fuel ash (POFA) were disposed of in the landfill, which endangering environmental health. However, this POFA have pozzolanic properties that can be employed as cementitious material. Therefore, this study aimed to produce a sustainable concrete sleeper by using POFA as a cement replacement material focusing on the compressive strength and water absorption performance. Concrete samples with a strength grade of 55MPa and w/c of 0.35 were prepared with three design mixes containing 0% (control), 20%(POFA20), and 40%(POFA40) of POFA. For the compressive strength test, a compression machine was used. Meanwhile, the water absorption was measured at atmospheric pressure. Both tests were conducted at 7 and 28 days of curing age. The results show that as the curing age increases, their water absorption and compressive strength improves, indicating a pozzolanic reaction. In terms of POFA content, the water absorption increases by 14% and 54% for POFA20 and POFA40, respectively. Meanwhile, the compressive strength reduced by 39% for POFA20 and 67% for POFA40. Since POFA20 meets the standards, it is however applicable in slab tracks.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (20) ◽  
pp. 6216
Author(s):  
Yassine El Mendili ◽  
Manal Bouasria ◽  
Mohammed-Hichem Benzaama ◽  
Fouzia Khadraoui ◽  
Malo Le Guern ◽  
...  

The French gravel industry produces approximatively 6.5 million tons of gravel wash mud each year. This material offers very promising properties which require an in-depth characterization study before its use as a construction material, otherwise it is removed from value cycles by disposal in landfills. We examined the suitability of gravel wash mud and seashells, with fly ash as a binder, as an unfired earth construction material. Thermal and mechanical characterizations of the smart mixture composed of gravel wash mud, Crepidula fornicata shells and fly ash are performed. The new specimens exhibit high compressive strengths compared to usual earth construction materials, which appears as a good opportunity for a reduction in the thickness of walls. The use of fly ash and Crepidula shells in addition to gravel wash mud provides high silica and calcium contents, which both react with clay, leading to the formation of tobermorite and Al-tobermorite as a result of a pozzolanic reaction. Considering the reduction in porosity and improvements in strength, these new materials are good candidates to contribute significantly to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and reduce carbon emissions.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 5859
Author(s):  
Kira Weise ◽  
Neven Ukrainczyk ◽  
Eduardus Koenders

The reactivity of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) is a key issue in the sustainability of cement-based materials. In this study, the effect of drying with isopropanol and acetone as well as the interpretation of thermogravimetric data on the results of an R3 test for evaluation of the SCM pozzolanic reaction were investigated. R3 samples consisting of calcium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium sulphate, water, and SCM were prepared. Besides silica fume, three different types of calcined clays were investigated as SCMs. These were a relatively pure metakaolin, a quartz-rich metakaolin, and a mixed calcined clay, where the amount of other types of clays was two times higher than the kaolinite content. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried out on seven-day-old samples dried with isopropanol and acetone to stop the reaction processes. Additional calorimetric measurement of the R3 samples was carried out for evaluation of the reaction kinetics. Results show that drying with isopropanol is more suitable for analysis of R3 samples compared to acetone. The use of acetone results in increased carbonation and TGA mass losses until 40 (isothermal drying for 30 min) and 105 °C (ramp heating), indicating that parts of the acetone remain in the sample, causing problems in the interpretation of TGA data. A mass balance approach was proposed to calculate calcium hydroxide consumption from TGA data, while also considering the amount of carbonates in the sample and TGA data corrections of original SCMs. With this approach, an improvement of the linear correlation of TGA results and heat release from calorimetric measurement was achieved.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document