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2022 ◽  
Vol 165 ◽  
pp. 108346
Marco Behrendt ◽  
Marius Bittner ◽  
Liam Comerford ◽  
Michael Beer ◽  
Jianbing Chen

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Xinyi Du ◽  
Haijun Ma

For a long time, the development strategy of remote areas is basically resource-oriented. Large-scale exploitation of resources not only damages the corresponding balance of resource reserves but also causes serious damage to the ecological environment. To this end, this paper has carried out research on the construction of ecological environment civilization in remote areas based on multidata collection and edge computing. Based on the understanding of the connotation, composition, and characteristics of ecological civilization, this paper selects representative indicators to reflect the specific requirements of ecological civilization, constructs an evaluation index system for the construction of ecological civilization in remote areas, and uses the evaluation indicators analysis and sorting. Second, edge computing and sensor technologies are applied to the process of data collection and information transmission and providing solutions for data collection and transmission in remote areas. This paper also presents the security method to protect the information transmission. Through testing, the program has shown good adaptability and can provide ideas for the construction of ecological environment in remote areas.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 842
Junxin Huang ◽  
Yuchuan Luo ◽  
Ming Xu ◽  
Bowen Hu ◽  
Jian Long

Online ride-hailing (ORH) services allow people to enjoy on-demand transportation services through their mobile devices in a short responding time. Despite the great convenience, users need to submit their location information to the ORH service provider, which may incur unexpected privacy problems. In this paper, we mainly study the privacy and utility of the ride-sharing system, which enables multiple riders to share one driver. To solve the privacy problem and reduce the ride-sharing detouring waste, we propose a privacy-preserving ride-sharing system named pShare. To hide users’ precise locations from the service provider, we apply a zone-based travel time estimation approach to privately compute over sensitive data while cloaking each rider’s location in a zone area. To compute the matching results along with the least-detouring route, the service provider first computes the shortest path for each eligible rider combination, then compares the additional traveling time (ATT) of all combinations, and finally selects the combination with minimum ATT. We designed a secure comparing protocol by utilizing the garbled circuit, which enables the ORH server to execute the protocol with a crypto server without privacy leakage. Moreover, we apply the data packing technique, by which multiple data can be packed as one to reduce the communication and computation overhead. Through the theoretical analysis and evaluation results, we prove that pShare is a practical ride-sharing scheme that can find out the sharing riders with minimum ATT in acceptable accuracy while protecting users’ privacy.

Smart Cities ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 71-89
Seng Boon Lim ◽  
Tan Yigitcanlar

Participatory governance is widely viewed as an essential element of realizing planned smart cities. Nonetheless, the implementation of e-participation platforms, such as the websites and mobile applications of civic authorities, often offer ambiguous information on how public voices may influence e-decision-making. This study aims to examine the status of participatory governance from the angle of e-participation platforms and from the broader scope of linking e-platforms to a smart city blueprint. In order to achieve this aim, the study focuses on shedding light on the e-governance space given to smart city realization in a developing country context—i.e., Malaysia. The Putrajaya and Petaling Jaya smart cities of Malaysia were selected as the testbeds of the study, which used the multiple case study methodology and multiple data collection designs. The analyses were done through the qualitative observations and quantitative descriptive statistics. The results revealed that both of the investigated smart city cases remained limited in their provision of e-decision-making space. The inefficiency of implementing planned initiatives to link the city blueprints to e-platforms was also evidenced. The study evidenced that the political culture of e-decision-making is undersized in Malaysia, which hinders the achievement of e-democracy in the smart cities’ development. This study has contributed a case report on a developing country’s smart cities, covering the participatory issues from the angle of e-participation and e-platforms.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 91
Sara Kasmaeeyazdi ◽  
Roberto Braga ◽  
Francesco Tinti ◽  
Emanuele Mandanici

Bauxite residuals from abandoned mining sites are both an environmental challenge and a possible source of secondary raw materials. Processing of multispectral and hyperspectral images with the best available techniques can help to produce multiscale spatial maps of elements inside and around the mining sites. The authors propose a procedure for mapping elements concentration using multiple data sets at different scales and resolutions. A comparison between multispectral Sentinel-2 images and hyperspectral PRISMA processing is performed over some case studies of bauxite residues in the Mediterranean area. Specifically, a case study from Italy is composed regarding artificial canyons created by past artisanal mining activities and by stockpiles of extracted bauxite. Hyperspectral punctual measurements (spectroradiometer surveys) were taken in various zones of the bauxite site, where infield topsoil samples were also taken for X-ray fluorescence chemical analysis. Final concentration maps were estimated by performing geostatistical techniques.

2022 ◽  
Andrew Jones ◽  
F. William Townes ◽  
Didong Li ◽  
Barbara E Engelhardt

Spatially-resolved genomic technologies have allowed us to study the physical organization of cells and tissues, and promise an understanding of the local interactions between cells. However, it remains difficult to precisely align spatial observations across slices, samples, scales, individuals, and technologies. Here, we propose a probabilistic model that aligns a set of spatially-resolved genomics and histology slices onto a known or unknown common coordinate system into which the samples are aligned both spatially and in terms of the phenotypic readouts (e.g., gene or protein expression levels, cell density, open chromatin regions). Our method consists of a two-layer Gaussian process: the first layer maps the observed samples' spatial locations into a common coordinate system, and the second layer maps from the common coordinate system to the observed readouts. Our approach also allows for slices to be mapped to a known template coordinate space if one exists. We show that our registration approach enables complex downstream spatially-aware analyses of spatial genomics data at multiple resolutions that are impossible or inaccurate with unaligned data, including an analysis of variance, differential expression across the z-axis, and association tests across multiple data modalities.

Landslides ◽  
2022 ◽  
Hang Wu ◽  
Mark A. Trigg ◽  
William Murphy ◽  
Raul Fuentes

AbstractTo address the current data and understanding knowledge gap in landslide dam inventories related to geomorphological parameters, a new global-scale landslide dam dataset named River Augmented Global Landslide Dams (RAGLAD) was created. RAGLAD is a collection of landslide dam records from multiple data sources published in various languages and many of these records we have been able to precisely geolocate. In total, 779 landslide dam records were compiled from 34 countries/regions. The spatial distribution, time trend, triggers, and geomorphological characteristic of the landslides and catchments where landslide dams formed are summarized. The relationships between geomorphological characteristics for landslides that form river dams are discussed and compared with those of landslides more generally. Additionally, a potential threshold for landslide dam formation is proposed, based on the relationship of landslide volume to river width. Our findings from our analysis of the value of the use of additional fluvial datasets to augment the database parameters indicate that they can be applied as a reliable supplemental data source, when the landslide dam records were accurately and precisely geolocated, although location precision in smaller river catchment areas can result in some uncertainty at this scale. This newly collected and supplemented dataset will allow the analysis and development of new relationships between landslides located near rivers and their actual propensity to block those particular rivers based on their geomorphology.

Vehicles ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 42-59
Mikel García ◽  
Itziar Urbieta ◽  
Marcos Nieto ◽  
Javier González de Mendibil ◽  
Oihana Otaegui

Local dynamic map (LDM) is a key component in the future of autonomous and connected vehicles. An LDM serves as a local database with the necessary tools to have a common reference system for both static data (i.e., map information) and dynamic data (vehicles, pedestrians, etc.). The LDM should have a common and well-defined input system in order to be interoperable across multiple data sources such as sensor detections or V2X communications. In this work, we present an interoperable graph-based LDM (iLDM) using Neo4j as our database engine and OpenLABEL as a common data format. An analysis on data insertion and querying time to the iLDM is reported, including a vehicle discovery service function in order to test the capabilities of our work and a comparative analysis with other LDM implementations showing that our proposed iLDM outperformed in several relevant features, furthering its practical utilisation in advanced driver assistance system development.

Jerry W. Sangma ◽  
Mekhla Sarkar ◽  
Vipin Pal ◽  
Amit Agrawal ◽  

AbstractOver the decade, a number of attempts have been made towards data stream clustering, but most of the works fall under clustering by example approach. There are a number of applications where clustering by variable approach is required which involves clustering of multiple data streams as opposed to clustering data examples in a data stream. Furthermore, a few works have been presented for clustering multiple data streams and these are applicable to numeric data streams only. Hence, this research gap has motivated current research work. In the present work, a hierarchical clustering technique has been proposed to cluster multiple data streams where data are nominal. To address the concept changes in the data streams splitting and merging of the clusters in the hierarchical structure are performed. The decision to split or merge is based on the entropy measure, representing the cluster’s degree of disparity. The performance of the proposed technique has been analysed and compared to Agglomerative Nesting clustering technique on synthetic as well as a real-world dataset in terms of Dunn Index, Modified Hubert $$\varGamma $$ Γ statistic, Cophenetic Correlation Coefficient, and Purity. The proposed technique outperforms Agglomerative Nesting clustering technique for concept evolving data streams. Furthermore, the effect of concept evolution on clustering structure and average entropy has been visualised for detailed analysis and understanding.

2022 ◽  
Flavio Pazos Obregón ◽  
Diego Silvera ◽  
Pablo Soto ◽  
Patricio Yankilevich ◽  
Gustavo Guerberoff ◽  

Abstract The function of most genes is unknown. The best results in automated function prediction are obtained with machine learning-based methods that combine multiple data sources, typically sequence derived features, protein structure and interaction data. Even though there is ample evidence showing that a gene’s function is not independent of its location, the few available examples of gene function prediction based on gene location rely on sequence identity between genes of different organisms and are thus subjected to the limitations of the relationship between sequence and function. Here we predict thousands of gene functions in five model eukaryotes (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Mus musculus and Homo sapiens) using machine learning models exclusively trained with features derived from the location of genes in the genomes to which they belong. Our aim was not to obtain the best performing method to automated function prediction but to explore the extent to which a gene's location can predict its function in eukaryotes. We found that our models outperform BLAST when predicting terms from Biological Process and Cellular Component Ontologies, showing that, at least in some cases, gene location alone can be more useful than sequence to infer gene function.

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