dip coating
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Nakarin Subjalearndee ◽  
Nanfei He ◽  
Hui Cheng ◽  
Panpanat Tesatchabut ◽  
Priew Eiamlamai ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 490
Jiazhen Zhang ◽  
Luhan Yang ◽  
Huang Xu ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Yuxiang Sang ◽  

It is challenging to obtain wafer-scaled aligned films for completely exploiting the promising properties of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWCNTs). Aligned s-SWCNTs with a large area can be obtained by combining water evaporation and slow withdrawal-induced self-assembly in a dip-coating process. Moreover, the tunability of deposition morphology parameters such as stripe width and spacing is examined. The polarized Raman results show that s-SWCNTs can be aligned in ±8.6°. The derived two terminal photodetector shows both a high negative responsivity of 41 A/W at 520 nm and high polarization sensitivity. Our results indicate that aligned films with a large area may be useful to electronics- and optoelectronics-related applications.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 471
Ghenwa El Chawich ◽  
Joelle El Hayek ◽  
Vincent Rouessac ◽  
Didier Cot ◽  
Bertrand Rebière ◽  

Additive manufacturing of Polymer-Derived Ceramics (PDCs) is regarded as a disruptive fabrication process that includes several technologies such as light curing and ink writing. However, 3D printing based on material extrusion is still not fully explored. Here, an indirect 3D printing approach combining Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) and replica process is demonstrated as a simple and low-cost approach to deliver complex near-net-shaped cellular Si-based non-oxide ceramic architectures while preserving the structure. 3D-Printed honeycomb polylactic acid (PLA) lattices were dip-coated with two preceramic polymers (polyvinylsilazane and allylhydridopolycarbosilane) and then converted by pyrolysis respectively into SiCN and SiC ceramics. All the steps of the process (printing resolution and surface finishing, cross-linking, dip-coating, drying and pyrolysis) were optimized and controlled. Despite some internal and surface defects observed by topography, 3D-printed materials exhibited a retention of the highly porous honeycomb shape after pyrolysis. Weight loss, volume shrinkage, roughness and microstructural evolution with high annealing temperatures are discussed. Our results show that the sacrificial mold-assisted 3D printing is a suitable rapid approach for producing customizable lightweight highly stable Si-based 3D non-oxide ceramics.

Coatings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 71
Maria Badiceanu ◽  
Sinziana Anghel ◽  
Natalia Mihailescu ◽  
Anita Ioana Visan ◽  
Cristian N. Mihailescu ◽  

The development of new biological devices in response to market demands requires continuous efforts for the improvement of products’ functionalization based upon expansion of the materials used and their fabrication techniques. One viable solution consists of a functionalization substrate covered by layers via an appropriate deposition technique. Laser techniques ensure an enhanced coating’s adherence to the substrate and improved biological characteristics, not compromising the mechanical properties of the functionalized medical device. This is a review of the main laser techniques involved. We mainly refer to pulse laser deposition, matrix-assisted, and laser simple and double writing versus some other well-known deposition methods as magnetron sputtering, 3D bioprinting, inkjet printing, extrusion, solenoid, fuse-deposition modeling, plasma spray (PS), and dip coating. All these techniques can be extended to functionalize surface fabrication to change local morphology, chemistry, and crystal structure, which affect the biomaterial behavior following the chosen application. Surface functionalization laser techniques are strictly controlled within a confined area to deliver a large amount of energy concisely. The laser deposit performances are presented compared to reported data obtained by other techniques.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 7
Jacob D. Buchanan ◽  
Vamsi Borra ◽  
Md Maidul Islam ◽  
Daniel G. Georgiev ◽  
Srikanth Itapu

Whiskers are small crystalline growths, which can grow from certain metals or alloys. Reaching up to several millimeters long, whiskers have the potential to cause device failures due to short circuits and contamination by debris. Tin (Sn) is one such metal that is particularly prone to whisker development. Until the 2006 RoHS Initiative, lead (Pb) was added to tin in small amounts (up to 2%) to greatly reduce the growth of whiskers. Since then, however, industry has switched to lead-free tin solders and coatings, and the issue of whisker growth on tin has attracted new interest. A reactive-sputtering-deposited nickel oxide sublayer was shown recently to strongly suppress the growth of whiskers from an overlaying tin layer. This paper reports on using nickel oxide films, obtained by a sol–gel dip coating method, as whisker suppressing sublayers. The proposed method is simple, low-cost, and can easily be scaled up for manufacturing purposes. The properties of the sol–gel deposited nickel oxide film were examined using SEM, EDS, and Raman spectroscopy. Samples containing the nickel oxide sublayer were observed through SEM periodically over several months to examine the surfaces for whisker development, and the results show that such layers can be very effective in suppressing whisker growth.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 90
Maria Kouroutzi ◽  
Antonios Stratidakis ◽  
Marianthi Kermenidou ◽  
Spyros Karakitsios ◽  
Dimosthenis Sarigiannis

A novel roofing tile was developed containing various types of nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2). Experiments were conducted using three types of TiO2 nanoparticles with and without polyethylene glycol (PEG). All types of newly developed nanomaterials were characterized using X-ray diffractometry. Particle size distribution analysis was performed and specific surface area was determined using the Brunauer–Emmet–Teller method. SEM imaging was used for the morphological characterization of nanoparticles. Commercial ceramic roofing tiles underwent a dip-coating procedure to obtain the desired photocatalytic surface. The TiO2 anatase samples exhibited greater surface areas of nanoparticles, thus providing potentially the highest photocatalytic efficiency.

2022 ◽  
Zohreh Ayareh ◽  
Mehrdad Moradi

Abstract Nanoparticles of noble metals are well known to display unique optical properties due to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) phenomenon, making them applicable for use as transducers in various LSPR sensor configurations. In order to develop a sensor chip, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) were decorated onto a transparent glass substrate in the form of a uniform, high-density single layer using a self-assembly monolayer (SAM) process. The glass substrate surface was initially modified with amine functional groups using different concentrations of (3-Aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES), followed by its optimization to reach a uniform monolayer of AuNPs. The optimized substrate was subsequently prepared by functionalization with APTES, while also being immersed into colloidal AuNPs. A uniform layer of Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets were coated on the AuNPs thin films using the dip-coating technique. The AuNPs/GO and rGO hybrid films were employed along with an appropriate optical set up acting as a smart sensor chip for detection of different concentrations of biomaterials. The optimum LSPR sensor (%0.5 APTES immersed in colloidal AuNPs for 12 h) resulted in a chip with %29 absorption and sharper plasmon peak. This appropriate condition remained constant after adding rGO, indicating that Glass/AuNPs/rGO chip will be suitable for sensory applications.

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