hormone therapy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 100472
Johanne Andersen Hojbjerg ◽  
Astrid Ditte Højgaard ◽  
Anne-Mette Hvas

2022 ◽  
Laura Baquedano ◽  
Javier Navarro ◽  
Yasmina José ◽  
Alexander Tristancho ◽  
Ana Ruiz ◽  

Abstract ObjectiveTo address the factors involved in hospital admission and medical follow up in postmenopausal women with COVID-19 diagnosis.MethodsRetrospective observational study. Postmenopausal women aged between 40-70 years since September 2020 until June 2021 with COVID-19 diagnosis were included. Of the 300 women cohort, 50 were receiving menopause hormone therapy (MHT)Results 288 patients were analyzed. The mean age was 56.20 years (+/-6.06y SD). Age (p=0.030), High blood pressure (HBP) (p=0.002), respiratory disorders (p=0.003), depression (p=0.028) and fibromyalgia (p=0.030) were associated with a greater risk for hospital admission, while MHT was found as a protective factor (p=0.042). Being a health professional (p<0.001), HBP (p=0.029), respiratory disorders (p=0.022), vitamin D deficiency (p=0.010), depression (p=0.005) and fibromyalgia (p=0.001) were related with a longer follow up while MHT was related with a shorter one (p=0.010). Regression analysis showed that HBP and respiratory disorders acted as independent factors for hospital admission while MHT and fibromyalgia were for the length of follow up. ConclusionsMHT has a positive impact in postmenopausal women with SARS-CoV-2 infection. HBP and respiratory disorders are associated with a higher risk of hospital admission of these patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
You Wu ◽  
Nan Li ◽  
Rong Zhang ◽  
Ping Bai

Abstract Background This study aimed to analyze the clinical and pathological features of extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma (EESS) and explore an effective therapeutic regimen to reduce the recurrence rate in low-grade EESS patients. Methods Ten LG-EESS patients who were treated at the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Cancer Institute and Hospital from June 1999 to June 2019 were collected and analyzed. Results (1) Patient demographics are summarized in manuscript. Preoperative CA125 examination showed that 8 patients had a median level of 49.5 U/L (15.4–168.0 U/L). (2) All ten patients underwent tumor cytoreductive surgery. Five patients underwent optimal tumor resection and achieved an R0 resection. After the initial surgery, 7 patients who had multiple metastasis were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy, 2 patients with vaginal ESS were treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and 6 patients with ER/PR positive received hormone therapy with or without chemotherapy. (2) Most EESS patients had multiple tumors. The omentum was the most commonly affected site, followed by the ovaries. (3) The median follow-up was 94 (range: 27–228) months, and recurrence was observed in 3 patients (n = 10, 30%) who underwent non-optimal surgery and no hormone therapy. The 5-year and 10-year DFS rates were both 70%, as shown in Fig. 2. OS was both 100% at 5 and 10 years. Conclusion As a conclusion, EESS is a rare disease and LG-EESS has a good prognosis. Surgery remains the available treatment for patients. LG-EESS has a risk of late recurrence which requires a long-term follow-up. With a limited sample size, our study shows optimal tumor reductive surgery and adjuvant hormone therapy may significantly reduce the risk of recurrence.

Menopause ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Jihye Kim ◽  
Shilpa N. Bhupathiraju ◽  
Laura B. Harrington ◽  
Kaitlin A. Hagan ◽  
Sara Lindström ◽  

Medicine ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 101 (1) ◽  
pp. e28361
Tongyun Qi ◽  
Xueqing Wang ◽  
Yizhou Huang ◽  
Yang Song ◽  
Linjuan Ma ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 182-189
I. O. Borovikov ◽  
I. I. Kutsenko ◽  
V. P. Bulgakova ◽  
O. I. Borovikova

Introduction. The article presents a comparative analysis of the treatment of patients with combined estrogen-dependent pathology of female reproductive system: fibrocystic mastopathy and endometrial hyperplasia without atypia. The experience of treatment with an indole-carbinol-containing drug as monotherapy while using a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is presented.Aim. To evaluate the clinical efficacy of indolecarbinol in the treatment of patients with combined estrogen-dependent pathology of the female reproductive system.Materials and methods. The authors studied the responses to the treatment of patients with fibrocystic mastopathy and simple endometrial hyperplasia (n = 65) with the indole-carbinol-containing drug at a dose of 400 mg once daily for 12 months. All patients were divided into two groups: Group I (n = 32) – women who refused hormone therapy (indole-carbinol monotherapy); Group II (n = 33) – the use of indole-carbinol while using the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. Diagnostic methods: clinical and laboratory examination, ultrasound examination of mammary glands and pelvic organs, mammography, nipple discharge cytology at baseline and 6 and 12 months after the start of therapy. Before study group assignment to treatment, all patients underwent hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy and histological examination. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the data: p-values below 0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results and discussion. The presented experience in treating women with combined pathology of the female reproductive system (fibrocystic mastopathy and endometrial hyperplasia without atypia) with the indole-carbinol-containing drug showed high clinical efficacy in mastopathy (relief of mastodynia (83.0 ± 1.6%), improvement of the ultrasound view of BI-RADS (66.1 ± 1.4%), reductions in mammographic density (66.1 ± 2.1%, p < 0.05)), high tolerability and satisfactory compliance. This drug combined with hormone therapy is recommended for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.Сonclusion. The use of indole-carbinol in the treatment of benign hyperplastic processes in mammary glands and endometrial hyperplasia is pathogenetically substantiated and shows high clinical efficacy

2022 ◽  
Sachiko Kitagawa ◽  
Kenjiro Wakabayashi ◽  
Yoshiteru Azuma ◽  
Hirokazu Kurahashi ◽  
Kei Takazawa ◽  

Abstract Background: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a displacement of the femoral head epiphysis that is sometimes associated with endocrinopathies. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) who developed SCFE during growth hormone therapy (GHT). We also performed a systematic review of the cases of SCFE and hypogonadism in the literature. Case presentation: The patient was diagnosed with HH based on the absence of ovaries and a uterus. Her medical history included GHT for 9 years as she was small for gestational age. Chromosomal and genetic analyses revealed no pathogenic abnormalities. Radiographs revealed a left SCFE with a 28.7° posterior tilt angle. GHT was discontinued, and bilateral in situ screw fixation was performed. Sex hormone therapy (SHT) was initiated. Two years later, the patient recovered.Methods: We reviewed the cases of hypogonadism complicated with SCFE. The guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 statement were followed. Case reports of patients were retrieved using PubMed on November 17, 2021.Results: A total of 44 cases of SCFE and hypogonadism were identified, including this case. Endocrinological complications included growth hormone deficiency (n = 18), being overweight (n = 9), and hypothyroidism (n = 25). Hormone replacement was administered before (SHT, n = 6; GHT, n = 12) and after surgery (SHT, n = 21; GHT, n = 11). SCFE surgery was invasive (minimal, n = 19; moderate, n = 10; high, n = 8). Orthopedic complications were observed in four cases. Conclusions: If hypogonadism occurs during GHT, SCFE should be noted. Hypogonadism should be studied to determine the effects of hormonal replacement on SCFE.

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