conversion coating
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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Wen Zhu ◽  
Furui Chen ◽  
Youbin Luo ◽  
Zhijun Su ◽  
Wenfang Li ◽  

In this study, a vanadium (V) and tannic acid-based composite conversion coating (VTACC) was prepared on 6063 aluminum alloy (AA6063) to increase its corrosion resistance. The surface morphology and compositions of the VTACCs were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The corrosion resistance of the coatings was investigated by linear polarization and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). The self-healing ability of the coating was detected by SEM, EDS, and scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) measurements. The coating mainly consisted of metal oxides, including Al2O3, VO2, V2O3, and V2O5, and metal organic complexes (Al and V-complexes). The electrochemical measurement results indicated that the best corrosion resistance of VTACC was acquired when the treatment time was 12 min. Furthermore, because a new coating with vanadium rich oxide was developed on the scratch area, artificial scratch VTACC surfaces were repaired after several days of immersion in 3.5-wt% NaCl solution.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (24) ◽  
pp. 7413
Mohammad Reza Shishesaz ◽  
Moslem Ghobadi ◽  
Najmeh Asadi ◽  
Alireza Zarezadeh ◽  
Ehsan Saebnoori ◽  

The effects of surface pretreatments on the cerium-based conversion coating applied on an AA5083 aluminum alloy were investigated using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), polarization testing, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Two steps of pretreatments containing acidic or alkaline solutions were applied to the surface to study the effects of surface pretreatments. Among the pretreated samples, the sample prepared by the pretreatment of the alkaline solution then acid washing presented higher corrosion protection (~3 orders of magnitude higher than the sample without pretreatment). This pretreatment provided a more active surface for the deposition of the cerium layer and provided a more suitable substrate for film formation, and made a more uniform film. The surface morphology of samples confirmed that the best surface coverage was presented by alkaline solution then acid washing pretreatment. The presence of cerium in the (EDS) analysis demonstrated that pretreatment with the alkaline solution then acid washing resulted in a higher deposition of the cerium layer on the aluminum surface. After selecting the best surface pretreatment, various deposition times of cerium baths were investigated. The best deposition time was achieved at 10 min, and after this critical time, a cracked film formed on the surface that could not be protective. The corrosion resistance of cerium-based conversion coatings obtained by electrochemical tests were used for training three computational techniques (artificial neural network (ANN), adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), and support vector machine regression (SVMR)) based on Pretreatment-1 (acidic or alkaline cleaning: pH (1)), Pretreatment-2 (acidic or alkaline cleaning: pH (2)), and deposition time in the cerium bath as an input. Various statistical criteria showed that the ANFIS model (R2 = 0.99, MSE = 48.83, and MAE = 3.49) could forecast the corrosion behavior of a cerium-based conversion coating more accurately than other models. Finally, due to the robust performance of ANFIS in modeling, the effect of each parameter was studied.

Reynier Inocente Revilla ◽  
Clara Anna Rybin ◽  
Iris De Graeve

Abstract Additively manufactured (AM) AlSi10Mg is one of the most studied AM aluminium alloys to date. While several studies have focused on investigating its mechanical properties and corrosion performance, very little work has been dedicated to study corrosion protection mechanisms and surface treatments applicable for this material. This work presents for the first time an analysis of the mechanism of Zr electrochemical conversion on AM AlSi10Mg parts. A comparison with the conventional cast alloy was also conducted. An analysis of the specimens using SEM/EDS provided interesting insights concerning the effect of the microstructure on the deposition of the Zr conversion layer. This work demonstrates that due to the very fine microstructure and distribution of alloying elements in AM AlSi10Mg, a homogeneous deposition of the Zr conversion layer is promoted. Conversely, the cast alloy is characterized by a very heterogeneous deposition of the Zr conversion layer due to the presence of relatively large Fe-containing intermetallic particles. The influence of the conversion coating on the corrosion performance of these materials was also studied. The results show that while the conversion treatment has no impact on the corrosion resistance of the cast alloy, it greatly improves the passivity of the AM AlSi10Mg samples.

Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1412
Wenbo Li ◽  
Yue Jiang ◽  
Dingguo Liu ◽  
Jiran Zhu ◽  
Yi Xie ◽  

We aimed to improve the corrosion resistance of transmission network cabinet equipment in high temperature and humidity environment. In this paper, using acid modified acrylic acid as the main component, the composite conversion agent was obtained by adding phosphoric acid phytic acid and other components. Through the surface morphology, electrochemical test and adhesion force test of rust conversion coating, the versatility and corrosion resistance of rust conversion coating on the substrates were analyzed. Combined with zinc phosphate primer, the effect of rust conversion agent on the adhesion and salt spray corrosion resistance of the commercial primers was studied. The composite conversion agent has good effect on atmospheric corrosion rust layer. The corrosion resistance and adhesion force of the atmospheric corrosion rust layer treated with rust conversion agent were significantly increased. The adhesion of zinc phosphate primer on atmospheric corrosion rust coating with rust conversion was three times higher than that of atmospheric corrosion rust coating without rust conversion, respectively. Composite rust conversion agent has broad versatility, which can be used for rust conversion of atmospheric corrosion rust layer. At the same time, it has a good corrosion resistance, that can obviously improve the corrosion potential of the corroded surface and reduce the corrosion current density. In addition, the composite rust conversion agent can significantly improve the adhesion and corrosion resistance of the primer coating.

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 1658
Xiaochen Zhang ◽  
Zhijuan Yin ◽  
Bateer Buhe ◽  
Jiajie Wang ◽  
Lin Mao ◽  

The effect of temperature on the corrosion resistance of layered double hydroxide (LDH) conversion coatings on AZ91D magnesium alloy, based on a closed-cycle system, was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffractometry (GAXRD) were used to study the surface morphology, chemical composition, and phase composition of the conversion coating. The corrosion resistance of the LDH conversion coating was determined through electropotentiometric polarisation curve and hydrogen evolution and immersion tests. The results showed that the conversion coating has the highest density and a more uniform, complete, and effective corrosion resistance at 50 °C. The chemical composition of the LDH conversion coating mainly comprises C, O, Mg, and Al, and the main phase is Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3·4H2O.

2021 ◽  
Jiongyan Liu ◽  
Mulin Jian ◽  
Lvyun Chen ◽  
Ningning Xu ◽  
Dong Li ◽  

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (9) ◽  
pp. 1396
Dan Song ◽  
Beibei Lian ◽  
Yulong Fu ◽  
Guowei Wang ◽  
Yanxin Qiao ◽  

The formation of a corrosion-resistant coating by the hydrothermal method is an effective way to provide significant protection to magnesium alloys. However, it is a challenge to prepare such a coating on magnesium-lithium alloys because of its high chemical activity. Herein, the dual-layer structured corrosion-resistant conversion coating composed with Mg(OH)2 and LiOH was successfully synthesized on Mg-9Li alloy by the optimization of the hydrothermal reaction in deionized water. The coating synthesized at 140 °C for 2 h has the best anti-corrosion performance in all obtained coatings, which has a uniform and compact coating with thickness of about 3 μm. The improvement of the hydrophobicity due to the stacking structure of the surface layer, as well as the barrier effect of its inner compact coating on corrosive media, lead to the excellent anti-corrosion performance of the obtained hydrothermal conversion coating

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