momordica charantia
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

1637
(FIVE YEARS 798)

H-INDEX

55
(FIVE YEARS 17)

2022 ◽  
Vol 195 ◽  
pp. 113026
Author(s):  
Chia-Ching Liaw ◽  
Hung-Tse Huang ◽  
Hui-Kang Liu ◽  
Yu-Chi Lin ◽  
Li-Jie Zhang ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Yi-Sun Yang ◽  
Nian-Yi Wu ◽  
Edy Kornelius ◽  
Chien-Ning Huang ◽  
Nae-Cherng Yang

Background: The fruits of Momordica charantia L., also named as bitter gourd or bitter melon in popular, is a common tropical vegetable that is traditionally used to reduce blood glucose. A peptide derived from bitter gourd, Momordica charantia insulin receptor binding peptid-19 (mcIRBP-19), had been demonstrated to possess an insulin-like effect in vitro and in the animal studies. However, the benefit of the mcIRBP-19-containing bitter gourd extracts (mcIRBP-19-BGE) for lowering blood glucose levels in humans is unknown. Objective: This aim of this study was to evaluate the hypoglycemic efficacy of mcIRBP-19-BGE in subjects with type 2 diabetes who had taken antidiabetic medications but failed to achieve the treatment goal. Whether glucose lowering efficacy of mcIRBP-19-BGE could be demonstrated when the antidiabetic medications were ineffective was also studied. Design: Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: mcIRBP-19-BGE treatment group (N = 20) and placebo group (N = 20), and were orally administered 600 mg/day investigational product or placebo for 3 months. Subjects whose hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) continued declining before the trial initiation with the antidiabetic drugs were excluded from the subset analysis to further investigate the efficacy for those who failed to respond to the antidiabetic medications. Results: The oral administration of mcIRBP-19-BGE decreased with a borderline significance at fasting blood glucose (FBG; P = 0.057) and HbA1c (P = 0.060). The subgroup analysis (N = 29) showed that mcIRBP-19-BGE had a significant effect on reducing FBG (from 172.5 ± 32.6 mg/dL to 159.4 ± 18.3 mg/dL, P = 0.041) and HbA1c (from 8.0 ± 0.7% to 7.5 ± 0.8%, P = 0.010). Conclusion: All of these results demonstrate that mcIRBP-19-BGE possesses a hypoglycemic effect, and can have a significant reduction in FBG and HbA1c when the antidiabetic drugs are ineffective.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (6) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ayuh Firlana ◽  
La Karimuna ◽  
Muhammad Syukri Sadimantara

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of the formulation of brown rice (Oryza nivaraL) flour and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L) flour on the organoleptic and nutritional values of cookies as a snack for diabetics. This study was arranged based on a completely randomized design (CRD). This study used five treatments, namely brown rice flour: bitter gourd flour A0 (100%: 0%), A1 (97%: 3%), A2 (94%: 6%), A3 (91%: 9%), and A4 (88% : 12%). The data were analyzed using analysis of variances (ANOVA) and if it had a significant effect on the observed variables, then Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was conducted at a 95% confidence level (α=0.05). The results showed that the most preferred product was found in A2 treatment with organoleptic scores of color, texture, taste, and aroma reached 3.61 (like), 3.70 (like), 3.29 (like), and 3.57 (like), respectively. The nutritional value of cookies produced in A2 treatment shows that it has 3.30% water, 0.81% ash, 32.54% fat, 7.76% protein, and 18.20% glucose. The brown rice and bitter gourd cookies products met the national quality standards for water, ash, and protein contents.Keywords: brown rice, bitter gourd, cookies, snack, proximate value.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk pengaruh formulasi tepung beras merah (Oryza nivaraL) dan tepung buah pare (Momordica charantia L) terhadap nilai organoleptik dan nilai gizi cookies sebagai makanan selingan pada penderita diabetes. Penelitian ini disusun berdasarkan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL). Penelitian ini menggunakan lima perlakuan yang yaitu Tepung beras merah : Tepung Buah Pare A0 (Tepung 100 % : 0%), A1 (97% : 3 %), A2 (94%: 6%), A3 (91%: 9%), A4 (88% : 12%). Data dianalisis menggunakan analysis of variances (ANOVA) dan apabila berpengaruh nyata terhadap variabel pengamatan, maka dilakukan uji duncan’s multiple range Test (DMRT) pada taraf kepercayaan 95% (α=0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penilaian organoleptik terhadap cookies dengan penambahan beras merah (Oryza nivara L) dan buah pare (Momordica charantia L) yang disukai panelis terdapat pada perlakuan A2 dengan skor organoleptik warna 3,61 (suka), organoleptik tekstur 3,70 (suka), organoleptik rasa 3,29 (suka), organoleptik aroma 3,57(suka). Nilai gizi cookies yang dihasilkan pada perlakuan A2 mengandung kadar air sebesar 3.30%, kadar abu sebesar 0,81%, kadar lemak sebesar 32,54 %, kadar protein 7,76%, kadar glukosa sebesar 18,20%. Berdasarkan standar mutu SNI cookies bahwa produk cookies beras merah dan buah pare sudah memenuhi standar mutu SNI untuk kadar air, kadar abu, dan kadar protein.Kata kunci : beras merah, buah pare, cookies, makanan selingan, nilai proksimat.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 1934578X2110689
Author(s):  
Duong Thi Hai Yen ◽  
Pham Hai Yen ◽  
Nguyen Quang Hop ◽  
Nguyen Anh Hung ◽  
Ha Thi Thu Tran ◽  
...  

A new cucurbitane-type glycoside (1) and two known compounds (2-3) were isolated from the ethanol extract of the fruits of Momordica charantia L. Their chemical structures were determined as (19 S,23 E)-5 β­,19-epoxy-19-methoxycucurbita-6,23-diene-3 β,25-diol 3 -O-β-D-allopyranoside (1), goyaglycoside d (2), and (19 S,23 E)-5 β,19-epoxy-19-methoxycucurbita-6,23-diene-3 β,25-diol (3) on the basis of the extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D, 2D NMR, HRESIMS, and in comparison with the reported data. Compounds 1 to 3 were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. Compounds 1 and 2 showed anti α-glucosidase activity with IC50 values of 134.12 ± 11.20 and 163.17 ± 13.71 µM, respectively, compared with the positive control, acarbose, IC50 160.99 ± 14.30 μM. Compounds 2 and 3 were first isolated from plant M. charantia growing in Vietnam.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pei-Yung Liao ◽  
Hsin-Yi Lo ◽  
I-Chen Liu ◽  
Lun-Chien Lo ◽  
Chien-Yun Hsiang ◽  
...  

Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a principal diabetic microvascular complication, is a chronic inflammatory immune disorder. A gastro-resistant peptide mcIRBP-9 from Momordica charantia has shown the modulation of blood glucose homeostasis in...


2022 ◽  
Vol 49 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-68
Author(s):  
Paktraporn Mekloy ◽  
Krisada Sakchaisri ◽  
Weena Jiratchariyakul ◽  
Somnuk Bunsupa

2022 ◽  
Vol 145 ◽  
pp. 112401
Author(s):  
Nithiyaa Perumal ◽  
Meenakshii Nallappan ◽  
Shamarina Shohaimi ◽  
Nur Kartinee Kassim ◽  
Thiam Tsui Tee ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pei-Yung Liao ◽  
Hsin-Yi Lo ◽  
I-Chen Liu ◽  
Lun-Chien Lo ◽  
Chien-Yun Hsiang ◽  
...  

Diabetic nephropathy is an inflammatory immune disorder accompanying diabetes. mcIRBP, the trypsin inhibitor of Momordica charantia, is an abundant 68-amino-acid-residue protein that interacts with the insulin receptor. Here the long-term...


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 2007-2015
Author(s):  
Yong Yean Sirn ◽  
Lee Cheng Lok ◽  
Pak Hoe Weng ◽  
Zuraini Ahmad ◽  
Muhammad Nazrul Hakim

Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin, or the body is unable to use the insulin produced effectively. In order to regulate the blood glucose of diabetic patients, Diabegard®, a herbal antidiabetic medicine and daily supplement, contains polypeptide-k which exists in the seed of Momordica Charantia (bitter gourd) was prescribed. Purpose: A retrospective study is therefore done with the aim to examine the effectiveness of Diabegard®, polypeptide-k in regulating the blood glucose and cholesterol level of diabetic patients who took Diabegard® for four weeks with a dose of 60 mg per day. Methods: A database record of 105 male and 37 female (ages 25-81) treated with Diabegard®, polypeptide-k was assessed. The effectiveness of Diabegard®, polypeptide-k in blood glucose regulation was determined based on four aspects: gender, three different age categories, four different categories of duration of the disease and five different categories of severity of the disease. The Pearson's correlation was used to find the correlation among variables. Paired sample t-test was used to compare the means of pre- and post-treatment of blood glucose level. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the means of different groups for each aspect. Results: Result showed that age and duration of disease (r2=0.469), pre-treatment of blood glucose and post-treatment of blood glucose (r2=0.606) showed positive relationship. Both paired sample T-test of pre-and post-treatment of blood glucose showed significant difference (p<0.05). Categories with very mild (7 mmol/L), severe (13.9-19.4mmol/L) and very severe (>19.4mmol/L) diabetes showed significant difference (p<0.05). Other tests showed no significant difference. Conclusion: In conclusion, this present retrospective study showed that Diabegard®, polypeptide-k was effective in controlling blood glucose level of all diabetic patients especially in patients with mild (26.87% reduction), severe (40.43% reduction) and very severe diabetes (49.27% reduction).


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document