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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 250-254
Maftuhatur Rizkiyah Putri ◽  
Almira Disya Salsabil ◽  
I Made Agus Dwipayana ◽  
Widati Fatmaningrum

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has harmed various fields, and people's activities cannot run as usual. Prevention of the transmission of COVID-19 is very important to be applied in everyday life. Washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer is easy and inexpensive prevention to do, but there are still many people who are wrong in practicing it. This needs to be done more counseling and education to the community in order to increase public knowledge about handwashing and hand sanitizer. Method: This research is an analytic study with a research design using a one-group pretest-posttest design. Using 31 respondents from Taro villagers who attended the counseling. Data analysis using Paired Sample T-test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test for Normality Test. Result: The average value of knowledge before counseling is 53.8710 while the value after counseling is 82.9677. Paired Sample T-test and obtained a significance value of 0.000 so that a significant difference was found (<0.005) between the values before and after counseling. Conclusion: There is a significant difference in the level of knowledge before and after handwashing and hand sanitizer counseling.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 62-77
Juli Yanti Damanik

This study investigated the frequently used language learning strategies (LLS) by Indonesian learners in learning English for a high-stakes exam, IELTS. In addition, differences in the LLS use among participants with different proficiency were examined. Using a quantitative approach, data were collected by using an online survey by utilizing Oxford’s Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) as the instrument. Sixty-one Indonesian adult learners who had taken IELTS were involved in this study. Their IELTS score indicated their proficiency levels. Data analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). It involved a descriptive analysis to find the frequency and an independent samples t-test to see the LLS use based on proficiency. The findings revealed that the participants used various LLS in learning English for IELTS. The most frequently used strategies were metacognitive, followed by cognitive, compensative, social, affective, and memory strategies. Meanwhile, the independent samples t-test showed that the difference in the LLS use among participants with different proficiency was not noticeable. Reflecting on the results, it is proposed that English teachers in Indonesia may start growing their learners’ awareness of LLS benefits and teach them to use them properly in their learning English for IELTS.

Waleed Abdualaziz Mohammad Dahag ◽  
Abdulwahab Ismail Mohamed Al-Kholani ◽  
Taghreed Ahmed M Al-Kibsi ◽  
Hussein Shoga Al-Deen ◽  
Hassan Abdulwahab Al-Shamahy ◽  

Introduction and objective: Mixed dentition space analysis methods via Tanaka-Johnston analysis are regularly used all over the world. Conversely, the appropriate of this analysis between different ethnic groups is dubious. The study aimed to test the appropriate of the Tanaka-Johnston analysis for Yemeni adults and to arise regression equations designed for Yemen population if needed.  Methods: The study included two hundred and twenty-seven (106 males and 121 females) Yemenis from Sana'a University, University of Science and Technology, and Al-Rehab Private Clinic. The mesiodistal widths of the four permanent lower canines, incisors, and premolars for the entire quadrants were determined with a digital caliper to the nearest 0.01 mm. To compare average presentation values ​​derived from this study with values ​​derived using Tanaka-Johnston equations, Student's paired t-test was used, as well as the chi-square (χ2) test used for appropriateness of fit. Result: Gender differences were observed in the total mesiodistal width of both canines and premolars in both arches as revealed by the t-test (p < 0.001). The sum of the actual mesiodistal width of the canines and premolars was compared with the expected widths derived from the Tanaka and Johnston equation and significant differences (p<0.001) were found. Regression analysis indicated that the sum of the mesiodistal width of the permanent mandibular incisors is a good predictor of that of un-erupted canines and premolars, with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.51 to 0.61. Accordingly, two linear regression equations were developed to predict tooth width for Yemeni males and females. Conclusion: It was concluded from this study that the Tanaka-Johnston analysis did not accurately predict the mesiodistal width of the unruptured canines and premolars of the Yemeni population. Moreover, new regression equations have been developed for the research sample that can be a standard for Yemen. However, further studies must be performed to verify the applicability and accuracy of these equations.                   Peer Review History: Received: 10 November 2021; Revised: 12 December; Accepted: 29 December, Available online: 15 January 2022 Academic Editor: Dr. Asia Selman Abdullah, Pharmacy institute, University of Basrah, Iraq, [email protected] UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.  Received file:                Reviewer's Comments: Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 6.5/10 Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.5/10 Reviewers: Dr. A.A. Mgbahurike, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, [email protected] Rola Jadallah, Arab American University, Palestine, [email protected] Similar Articles: PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF TRAUMATIC DENTAL INJURIES TO ANTERIOR TEETH AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SANA'A CITY, YEMEN OCCLUSAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRIMARY DENTITION AMONG A SAMPLE OF YEMENI PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Ali Khani Jeihooni ◽  
Mehdi Layeghiasl ◽  
Asiyeh Yari ◽  
Tayebeh Rakhshani

Abstract Background Regarding the high rate of obesity and overweight among women, develop a comprehensive and effective program it seems necessary to improve their nutritional behaviors and physical activity. This study aims to survey the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on improving physical and nutritional activities of obese and overweight women. Methods This experimental study was performed on 400 obese and overweight women over the age of 20. The sampling method was A simple random sampling. The data collection was valid and reliable self-reports measure, questionnaires. This tools was including demographic information, questionnaire based on the constructs of the theory of planned behavior, physical activity performance questionnaire and nutritional performance questionnaire that individuals completed before and 6 months after the educational intervention. The training intervention for the experimental group consisted of 12 sessions of 50–55 min. Data analyzed by SPSS22 and by using chi-square test, independent t-test and paired t-test. Results Findings showed that before the educational intervention, was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of education, household monthly income, occupation, mean age, marital status, awareness, attitude, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, physical activity and nutritional behavioral intentions, and physical activity and nutritional performance, weight and BMI. However, six months after the training intervention, there was a significant increase in each of the TPB contracts, weight and BMI in the experimental group, while no significant difference was observed in the control group. The meaningful level was considered 0.05. Conclusion Our findings partially support of applying theory of planned behavior in reducing the weight, BMI and improved nutritional performance and physical activity of the study subjects. TPB could be an important strategy for effective future educational interventions.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-106
Lamyaa Falah AlMohaya

The aim of this exploratory experimental quantitative is to investigate the impact of the learning environment and text types on the syntactic complexity of female Saudi students majoring in English language. Specifically, the study seeks to explore how and when the syntactic complexity of these students increases/decreases as a whole and across the fourteen measures of syntactic complexity (MLS, MLT.MLC.C/S, VP/T, C/T, DC/C, DC/T, T/S, CT/T, CP/T, CP/C, CN/T, CN/C) in two learning contexts: traditional learning context (TLC) and blended learning context (BLT) across three writing tasks (argumentative, classification ,and reaction). It purports, also, to find out when and which learning context leads to the most/least increase/decrease in the syntactic complexity (as a whole and across specific measures) of Saudi undergraduate in the three writing tasks. To answer such questions, 48 female Saudi EFL undergraduate students were recruited from the pool of level six students. The participants were randomly divided into the control and experimental groups. The control group consisted of 28 students; while the experimental group was comprised of 20 students. The 288 students’ writing productions were analyzed according to the fourteen measures of syntactic complex by using a paired t-test and an independent t test. For the first question, the results of this study show that there was no increase/decrease in syntactic complexity, either as a whole or partially across individual measures, for the control group for the three writing tasks (argumentation, classification, and reaction). This would suggest that traditional learning method does not reach to level to be significant to the participants in the control group. For the second research question, the t-tests showed that the syntactic complexity of the participants in the experimental group increased as a whole in both the classification and reaction essays. An increase in complexity was shown across the following measures for the classification essay: MLS, MLT, MLC, CN/T/VP/T, and CN/C. For the reaction essay, an increase in complexity was shown across MLS, MLT, MLC, and CN/T measures. Although the syntactic complexity of these participants did not increase/decrease as a whole for the argumentation essay, the CN/T measure did show some increase. Finally, the comparison between the results of the two groups revealed that, although the experimental group in this study showed more improvement in syntactic complexity than the control group, the degree of difference between the two groups was too small to draw any definite conclusion about the relative effectiveness of the two methods. This may be due to the comparatively short duration of the study: ten weeks. The findings of this research have significant implications for academic research and for Saudi EFL teachers at the university level.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 157-167
Siti Rohimah ◽  
Novia Puspita Dewi

Hipertensi merupakan faktor penyebab utama kematian akibat stroke dan jantung coroner. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi tekanan darah adalah aktivitas fisik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh aktivitas fisik jalan kaki terhadap tekanan darah pada lansia hipertensi di Desa Sindangkasih Kecamatan Sindangkasih Kabupaten Ciamis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen pre-test post-test control group design. Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik purposive sampling lansia  hipertensi derajat 1 dan diperoleh 30 responden yang terbagi menjadi 2 kelompok. Instrumen dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tensimeter. Analisis data menggunakan  paired t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukan adanya penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik pada responden kelompok intervensi sebesar 15 mmHg, sedangkan untuk penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah diastolic sebesar 13 mmHg. Pada kelompok kontrol terjadi penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik sebesar 4,3 mmHg dan penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah diastolik sebesar 4 mmHg. Hasil analisa data  menggunakan uji Independen Sample T-test didapatkan nilai signifikan p-value kelompok intervensi = 0,000 dengan ? = 0,05 .Karena p-value < 0,05 maka ada pengaruh aktivitas fisik jalan kaki terhadap tekanan darah pada lansia hipertensi di Desa Sindangkasih Kecamatan Sindangkasih Kabupaten Ciamis Tahun 2021. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adanya pengaruh aktivitas jalan kaki selama 30 menit terhadap tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik pada lansia hipertensi.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 168-178
Tri Wijayanto ◽  
Apri Budianto ◽  
Irmaya Meilinda Sari

Terapi humor merupakan tindakan untuk menstimulasi seseorang untuk tertawa, tindakan ini mampu merangsang pelepasan opiat endogenous atau yang sering disebut dengan endorfin. Manfaat endorfin yaitu membuat relaksasi yang berdampak pada pelebaran pembuluh darah sehingga menurunkan tekanan darah, dengan kondisi relaks juga akan membuat denyut jantung menjadi normal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini mengetahui pengaruh terapi humor dengan video komedi terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi primer di Panti Tresna Werdha Natar Lampung Selatan. Desain penelitian ini adalah jenis quasy experiment semu dengan rancangan pretest–posttest design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pasien yang menderita hipertensi primer di panti tresna werdha. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah  86 orang  Teknik sampel consecutive sampling. Analisis data yang peneliti gunakan adalah uji Paired T Test. Berdasarkan analisis data diketahui nilai p-value 0,000 atau p-value < 0,05, yang artinya ada pengaruh terapi humor terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi primer di Wilayah Kerja Panti Tresna Werdha Natar Lampung. Hasil penelitian diharapkan agar pihak Puskesmas dapat bekerjasama dengan instansi lain untuk menjalankan program penurunan angka kejadian hipertensi memberikan sosialisasi, terapi humor secara rutin serta pencatatan tekanan darah kepada para lansia.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 194-205
Heru Supriyanto ◽  
Diny Vellyana ◽  
Diki Stiawan
T Test ◽  
P Value ◽  

Pendahuluan :DM Tipe 2 yang tak tergantung pada insulin disebabkan insulin yang ada tidak dapat bekerja dengan baik, tetapi fungsi insulin untuk metabolisme glukosa tidak ada/kurang dan biasanya diketahui DM setelah usia 40 tahun (Hadibroto, 2013). Komplikasi mikrovaskular (retinopati, nefropati, neuropati) dan komplikasi makrovaskular (aterosklerotik, stroke, angina, infark miokardium, gangren).Penatalaksanaan penderita DM dapat dilakukan dengan kegiatan jasmani secara teratur 3 sampai 5 hari seminggu selama sekitar 30 sampai 45 menit, latihan jasmani yang di anjurkan salah satu nya jalan kaki. Tujuan penelitian diketahui pengaruh aktivitas fisik jalan kaki terhadap gula darah sewaktu pada penderita DM Tipe 2. Metode :Desain penelitianpre-eksperiment one group pre-test-posttest. Sampel 16 penderita DM  tipe 2 denganpurposive sampling dan observasi langsung dengan mengukur kadar gula darah menggunakan Gluko DR AGM 2100 dan analisis statistik Uji dependent sampel T test. Hasil:nilai p-value sebesar 0,000 dengan rata-rata kadar gula darah sebesar 273,44 mg/ dl dan sesudah dilakukan aktivitas fisik jalan kaki sebesar 170,88 mg/ dl. Pembahasan :Kesimpulan ada pengaruh aktivitas fisik terhadap gula darah sewaktu pada penderita diabetes melitus Tipe 2 dan disarankan melakukan aktifitas jalan kaki sesuai prosedur saat menuju kebun ataupun sawah sehingga keseimbangan kadar gula darah tetap terjaga.

2022 ◽  
Mina Biria ◽  
Yasaman Rezvani ◽  
Romina Roodgarian ◽  
Abbas Rabbani ◽  
Parastoo Iranparvar

Abstract Background: The inclusion of herbal antibacterial agents in the composition of toothpastes is becoming increasingly popular, due to lower side effects. The present study intended to investigate the antibacterial efficacy of a herbal toothpaste containing Bamboo salt on cariogenic oral bacteria. Methods: The present double-blinded parallel randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 60 dental students (age range: 18-30). Following the baseline saliva sampling, the participants were randomly assigned into the case and control groups, to use the Bamboo salt herbal toothpaste and conventional non-herbal toothpaste, respectively. They were instructed to brush their teeth twice a day using the Bass technique. Saliva sampling was repeated after four weeks. The salivary counts of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus at baseline and 4-week follow-up were determined and presented as the logarithm of colony-forming units per milliliter (log CFU/mL). statistical analysis was performed using independent samples t-test and paired sample t-test (P<0.05). Results: A significant decrease in salivary Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus was observed using both toothpastes (*P<0.001). The difference between the antibacterial efficacy of two toothpaste types on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus was not statistically significant (P=0.530, and P=0.137, respectively). Conclusion: Due to the comparable efficacy of the investigated herbal toothpaste with conventional toothpaste, it potentially qualifies as a complementary agent for self-care oral hygiene procedures. Trial registration: This trial was registered in the “Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials” (IRCT20210414050964N1) on 21/06/2021.

BMC Neurology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Simone Simoni ◽  
Pasquale Nigro ◽  
Marta Filidei ◽  
Giulia Cappelletti ◽  
Federico Paolini Paoletti ◽  

Abstract Background Reducing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies with jejunal extension tubes (PEG-J) related complications is vital to the long-term preservation of duodenal levodopa infusion (DLI) in advanced Parkinson’s disease (APD). Here, we provide data on the frequency of complications for both the standard “pull” and the non-endoscopic, radiologic assisted, “push” replacement PEG-J techniques in APD. Methods We retrospectively identified all patients treated with DLI from October 2009 to January 2020 at the Movement Disorders Center. Patients features and demographics, PEG-J procedures, causes for any discontinuation, reported complications and mortality were collected. In this cohort, PEG-J replacements were performed using the standard “pull” procedure or the radiologic assisted “push” method. Descriptive statistical analysis, t-test and paired t-test with False Discovery Rate correction was performed. Results This retrospective study included 30 APD patients [median age 72 ± 5.6 years; mean disease duration 17.2 + 5.7 years]. Mean treatment duration was 35.6 (30.6) months. Overall, 156 PEG-J procedures were performed, and Nineteen patients (63.3%) had a total of 185 reported complications, 85 of which were peristomal complications. 17 (56.6%) underwent 100 replacement procedures due to complications. The most commonly reported complication for replacement was J-tube dislocation (36%). One patient discontinued treatment after 6 months, due to peripheral neuropathy. Six patients died for causes not related to DLI. PEG-J replacements performed with the “push” method had a higher turnover (5.6 vs. 7.6 mo.), but fewer reported complications (67 vs. 75%). Conclusion The overall rate of complications was lower for “push” technique. This result might have been due to a higher replacement turnover that acted as a protective factor.

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