wireless power transfer
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Kazuya Yamaguchi ◽  
Kenichi Iida

<p>In these days, electric vehicles are enthusiastically researched as a countermeasure to air pollution, although these do not have practicality compared to gasoline-powered vehicles. The aim of this study is to transport energy wirelessly and efficiently to an electric vehicle. To accomplish this, we focused on frequency of an alternating current (AC) power supply, and suggested a method which determined the value of it constantly. In particular, a wireless power transfer circuit and a lithium-ion battery in an electric vehicle were expressed with an equivalent circuit, and efficiency of energy transfer was calculated. Furthermore, the optimal frequency which maximizes efficiency was found, and the behavior of voltage was demonstrated on a secondary circuit. Finally, we could obtain the larger electromotive force at the secondary inductor than an input voltage.</p>

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 121
Chao Xu ◽  
Yi Fan ◽  
Xiongying Liu

A circularly polarized implantable antenna integrated with a voltage-doubled rectifier (abbr., rectenna) is investigated for microwave wireless power transfer in the industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band of 2.4–2.48 GHz. The proposed antenna is miniaturized with the dimensions of 7.5 mm × 7.5 mm × 1.27 mm by etching four C-shaped open slots on the patch. A rectangular slot truncated diagonally is cut to improve the circular polarization performance of the antenna. The simulated impedance bandwidth in a three-layer phantom is 30.4% (1.9–2.58 GHz) with |S11| below −10 dB, and the 3-dB axial-ratio bandwidth is 16.9% (2.17–2.57 GHz). Furthermore, a voltage-doubled rectifier circuit that converts RF power to DC power is designed on the back of the antenna. The simulated RF-to-DC conversion efficiency can be up to 45% at the input power of 0 dBm. The proposed rectenna was fabricated and measured in fresh pork to verify the simulated results and evaluate the performance of wireless power transfer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 709-723
Noramalina Abdullah ◽  
Sarah Madihah Mohd Shazali

Enclosed areas pose a greater risk of transmitting infectious and bacterial diseases. The proposed system helps prevent disease by tracking students’ daily body temperature before entering the school premises. Each student will be provided with a unique QR code containing the student information, such as their name and class. The QR code needs to be scanned first by the camera-equipped smartphone before reading the body temperature. The thermometer will record the student’s body temperature and send the information to the smartphone via Bluetooth. The student’s profile will be updated with the recorded daily temperature. An Android application will be developed to scan the QR code and display the students’ profiles and information. In order to design a battery-less system, the system will be integrated with a wireless power transfer circuit. Based on the simulation results, the wireless power transfer circuit can be used as a wireless charger for the smartphone used in the system or for charging the thermometer’ of the thermometer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Dongyong Shan ◽  
Haiyue Wang ◽  
Ke Cao ◽  
Junhua Zhang

AbstractThe wireless power transfer (WPT) system has been widely used in various fields such as household appliances, electric vehicle charging and sensor applications. A frequency reconfigurable magnetic resonant coupling wireless power transfer (MRCWPT) system with dynamically enhanced efficiency by using the frequency reconfigurable metamaterial is proposed in this paper. The reconfigurability is achieved by adjusting the capacitance value of the adjustable capacitor connected in the coil of the system. Finite element simulation results have shown that the frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic metamaterial can manipulate the direction of the electromagnetic field of the system due to its abnormal effective permeability. The ultra-thin frequency reconfigurable metamaterial is designed at different working frequencies of 14.1 MHz, 15 MHz, 16.2 MHz, 17.5 MHz, 19.3 MHz, 21.7 MHz and 25 MHz to enhance the magnetic field and power transfer efficiency (PTE) of the system. Frequency reconfigurable mechanism of the system with the frequency reconfigurable metamaterial is derived by the equivalent circuit theory. Finally, further measurement which verifies the simulation by reasonable agreement is carried out. PTE of the system by adding the metamaterial are 59%, 73%, 67%, 66%, 65%, 60% and 58% at different working frequencies. PTE of the system with and without the metamaterial is 72% and 49% at the distance of 120 mm and the frequency of 15 MHz, respectively.

2022 ◽  
Wataru HIJIKATA ◽  
Toshiki Ohori ◽  
Xiang Li ◽  
Hideyuki Nakanishi ◽  
Shigeki Ozawa

Abstract Wireless power transfer via magnetic resonant coupling can be used to supply power to a mobile robot within a few meters of a transmitter coil. However, when the robot moves or its power consumption fluctuates, its input impedance varies and causes power reflection. Therefore, we propose the use of a driver coil on the transmitter side to match the input impedance. The input impedance is matched and power reflection is eliminated by regulating the coupling coefficient between the driver and the transmitter. During experiments, the transmitting efficiency showed good agreement with the calculated value, and the input impedance was matched under varying distances and load resistances. Therefore, the proposed system was demonstrated to solve the power reflection problem in mobile robots.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 479
Nataša Prosen ◽  
Miro Milanovič ◽  
Jure Domajnko

This paper presents a platform developed for automated magnetic flux density measurement. The platform was designed to be used to measure the magnetic flux density of the transmitter/receiver coil of an inductive wireless power transfer system. The magnetic flux density of a transmitter was measured using a small, 3-axis search coil. The search coil was positioned in the 3D space above the transmitter coil using a 3D positioning mechanism and used to measure the magnetic flux density at a specific point. The data was then sent to a computer application to visualize the magnetic flux density. The measured magnetic field could be used in combination with electromagnetic field solvers to design and optimize transmitter coils for inductive wireless power transfer systems.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Jiarui Bao ◽  
Shuyan Hu ◽  
Zibin Xie ◽  
Guangxi Hu ◽  
Ye Lu ◽  

This work focuses on the optimization of coupling coefficient (k) of the inductive link for the wireless power transfer (WPT) system to be used in implantable medical devices (IMDs) of centimeter size. The analytic expression of k is presented. Simulations are conducted by using the high-frequency structure simulator (HFSS). Analytic results are verified with simulations. The receiving (Rx) coil is implanted in the body and set as a circular coil with a radius of 5 millimeters for reducing the risk of tissue inflammation. The inductive link under misalignment scenarios is optimized to improve k. When the distance between the transmitting (Tx) and Rx coils is fixed at 20 mm, it is found that, to maximize k, the Tx coil in a planar spiral configuration with an average radius of 20 mm is preferred, and the Rx coil in a solenoid configuration with a wire pitch of 0.7 mm is recommended. Based on these optimization results, an inductive link WPT system is proposed; the coupling coefficient k, the power transfer efficiency (PTE), and the maximum power delivered to the load (MPDL) of the system are obtained with both simulation and experiment. Different media of air, muscle, and bone separating the Tx and Rx coils are tested. For the muscle (bone) medium, PTE is 44.14% (43.07%) and MPDL is 145.38 mW (128.13 mW), respectively.

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