Lung Epithelial Cell
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EBioMedicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 70 ◽  
pp. 103500
Author(s):  
Huarong Chen ◽  
Weixin Liu ◽  
Yifei Wang ◽  
Dabin Liu ◽  
Liuyang Zhao ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (7) ◽  
pp. 1333-1338
Author(s):  
Han Han ◽  
Zhenxi Yu ◽  
Mei Feng

Regulated in Development and DNA Damage Response 1 (REDD1) knockdown can reduce the endoplasmic reticulum stress response in liver injury. However, its role on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) has not been explored. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of REDD1 on lung epithelial cells induced by LPS. Rt-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect REDD1 expression in 16HBE cells induced by LPS. The interfering REDD1 plasmid was constructed, and CCK8 was used to detect the effect of interference with REDD1 on LPS-induced lung epithelial cell activity. The expression of inflammatory factors was detected by ELISA and the apoptotic level was detected by TUNEL staining. String database was used to predict the combination of REDD1 and EP300 in lung epithelial cells, which was verified by CoIP experiment. An overexpressed plasmid of EP300 was constructed to detect the effects of EP300 on inflammatory factors and apoptosis in REDD1 lung epithelial cells. LPS-induced increased REDD1 expression in lung epithelial cells. Interference with REDD1 inhibits LPS-induced lung epithelial cell activity injury and inflammatory factor expression and inhibits LPS-induced lung epithelial cell apoptosis. After interference with REDD1, the expression of EP300 in LPS-induced lung epithelial cells was inhibited, and the overexpression of EP300 was reversed to promote the production of inflammatory factors and apoptosis. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that REDD1 knockdown alleviates LPS-induced acute lung injury.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hua Geng ◽  
Saravanan Subramanian ◽  
Longtao Wu ◽  
Heng-Fu Bu ◽  
Xiao Wang ◽  
...  

Infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes COVID-19, a disease that involves significant lung tissue damage. How SARS-CoV-2 infection leads to lung injury remains elusive. The open reading frame 8 (ORF8) protein of SARS-CoV-2 (ORF8SARS-CoV-2) is a unique accessory protein, yet little is known about its cellular function. We examined the cellular distribution of ORF8SARS-CoV-2 and its role in the regulation of human lung epithelial cell proliferation and antiviral immunity. Using live imaging and immunofluorescent staining analyses, we found that ectopically expressed ORF8SARS-CoV-2 forms aggregates in the cytosol and nuclear compartments of lung epithelial cells. Using in silico bioinformatic analysis, we found that ORF8SARS-CoV-2 possesses an intrinsic aggregation characteristic at its N-terminal residues 1-18. Cell culture did not reveal any effects of ORF8SARS-CoV-2 expression on lung epithelial cell proliferation and cell cycle progression, suggesting that ORF8SARS-CoV-2 aggregates do not affect these cellular processes. Interestingly, ectopic expression of ORF8SARS-CoV-2 in lung epithelial cells suppressed basal expression of several antiviral molecules, including DHX58, ZBP1, MX1, and MX2. In addition, expression of ORF8SARS-CoV-2 attenuated the induction of antiviral molecules by IFNγ but not by IFNβ in lung epithelial cells. Taken together, ORF8SARS-CoV-2 is a unique viral accessory protein that forms aggregates when expressing in lung epithelial cells. It potently inhibits the expression of lung cellular anti-viral proteins at baseline and in response to IFNγ in lung epithelial cells, which may facilitate SARS-CoV-2 escape from the host antiviral innate immune response during early viral infection. In addition, it seems that formation of ORF8SARS-CoV-2 aggregate is independent from the viral infection. Thus, it would be interesting to examine whether any COVID-19 patients exhibit persistent ORF8 SARS-CoV-2 expression after recovering from SARS-CoV-2 infection. If so, the pathogenic effect of prolonged ORF8SARS-CoV-2 expression and its association with post-COVID symptoms warrant investigation in the future.


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