Water Bodies
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 406-415
Kimberley C. Carter ◽  
James J. Hicks ◽  
Daniel Kane ◽  
Benjamin Tapley ◽  
Christopher J. Michaels

This study compared the resource use of juvenile zoo-living Chinese crocodile lizards, Shinisaurus crocodilurus crocodilurus across three observation windows, spanning nine months, accounting for time of day and lizard age, and under consistent environmental conditions. Lizards showed a significant difference in proportionate resource use, quantified using a modified spread of participation indices between the second and final sampling period, such that with increasing age, resources were more equally utilised. The time of day did not have a significant effect on resource use. Lizards in this study significantly increased their use of water bodies and branches outside the bask zone and decreased their use of the land areas within the bask zones over time. Resource use data suggests the importance of providing enclosures which cater to ontogenetic shifts in captive individuals or within mixed age groupings.

Hydrology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 111
Stefano Margiotta ◽  
Gabriele Marini ◽  
Sergio Fay ◽  
Francesco M. D’Onghia ◽  
Isabella S. Liso ◽  

Salento Peninsula (Apulia, southern Italy) is characterised by many active sinkholes, which represent the main geological hazard. The stretch of coastline between the village of Casalabate and Le Cesine wildlife reserve is highly affected, with a system of dunes separating the low beach from extensive wetlands, which were subject to uncontrolled urban development after reclamation. The overall morphology is characterized by flat topography, whilst from a hydrogeological standpoint, the mixing of inland freshwater with advancing brackish water favours the higher aggressivity with respect to soluble rocks, and the development of enhanced dissolution (hyperkarst). The relict landscapes within the protected areas still allow for the recognition of actively occurring sinkholes, which cause damage to houses, the road network and infrastructures. In this article the case of Aquatina di Frigole is described, where in the last 15 years numerous sinkholes have formed, with the processes still in rapid evolution. Detailed surveys allow for to identification of the mechanisms of sinkhole formation (suffusion sinkholes), the deriving cluster, and the main hydrogeological links among the different water bodies in the area. Acquatina di Frigole provides an excellent natural laboratory to observe development and evolution of sinkholes, and their relationships with the stratigraphic and hydrogeological elements.

Anastasiya Kutuzova ◽  
Tetiana Dontsova ◽  
Maryna Davydova

Antibiotics have been found in water bodies of different origin around the world, including natural waters. The presence of antibiotics in natural waters is already an important environmental problem, as they pose a potential threat to the environment. Analysis of the literature shows that photocatalytic methods are considered to be more promising than biological methods and adsorption processes for the treatment of water bodies contaminated with antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals. The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of antibiotics removal (ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) by photocatalytic methods over TiO2 photocatalyst modified with yttrium oxide. For this purpose, a commercial sample of TiO2 P25 (Evonik) was modified, which was further characterized by X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis methods. The obtained data indicate the presence of yttrium in commercial P25 sample after modification. Studies on the removal of antibiotics from aqueous solutions by photocatalytic methods were carried out in three ways: employing modified photocatalyst; combination of photocatalyst and hydrogen peroxide, and the combination of photocatalyst with hydrogen peroxide and ozone. The results of research demonstrate high efficiency of photocatalytic methods in the oxidation of antibiotics in aqueous solutions, among which the greatest oxidation is achieved using the combination of heterogeneous photocatalyst, hydrogen peroxide and ozone.

2021 ◽  
Zhao Lu ◽  
Daqing Wang ◽  
Zhengdong Deng ◽  
Yue Shi ◽  
Zhibin Ding ◽  

Abstract This paper mainly researches the application method of red edge band in water body remote sensing extraction. Gaofen-6 (GF-6) WFV data were chosen for the high spatial resolution, more bands, and wide width. Two new methods were proposed: the single-band threshold method based on the red edge 2 band and the decision tree model method based on the combined operation of the green band, red band, near infrared band, red edge 1 band, and red edge 2 band. Four traditional methods were used for comparing the extraction accuracy. Two study areas with different characteristics were chosen to analyze the reliability of the proposed method, one mountainous and one urban region, both located in Minqin, Gansu, China, which is a typical arid area. The results showed that the two red edge bands of the GF-6 WFV data can be utilized to extract water body information. Kappa coefficients extracted from the single-band threshold method based on the red edge 2 band in water bodies in mountainous and urban areas reached 96.18% and 93.21%, respectively. The decision tree method has the best extraction effect. Kappa coefficients of this method in mountain and urban water bodies were 97.73% and 94.41%, respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 49-57
Smriti Gurung ◽  
Babi Kumar Kafle ◽  
Bed Mani Dahal ◽  
Milina Sthapit ◽  
Nani Raut ◽  

Eutrophication is one of the growing environmental concerns and is affecting and compromising freshwater bodies across the world making the trophic status assessment of water bodies crucial for their restoration and sustainable use. This paper describes the trophic status of Lake Phewa and Kulekhani Reservoir from Nepal. Sampling was conducted during October 2017 (post-monsoon), April 2018 (Pre-monsoon), July 2018 (Monsoon) and February 2019 (Winter). Trophic State Index (TSI) as given by Carlson (1977) and Trophic State Index Deviation given by Carlson (1991) were estimated to assess trophic status and deviations between the Trophic State Indices. One-way analysis of variance showed significant seasonal variation (p < 0.05) in Secchi depth, total phosphorus (TP), TSI in both the water bodies. Both the water bodies were classified as eutrophic during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon, and hypereutrophic during the monsoon indicating the increased flow of allochthonous inputs from their respective catchments. Non-algal turbidity was found to be the limiting factor for productivity. There is a need for sustainable watershed management in order to reduce the nutrients runoff and accumulation in the water bodies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (8) ◽  
Paul W. Jewell

AbstractGreat Salt Lake of Utah is among the largest and most ecologically important water bodies in North America. Since the late 1950s, the lake has been divided into two hydrologically distinct water bodies by a rock-fill railroad causeway. Flux through the causeway is driven by two forces: differential surface elevation and differential density between the north and south arms. The south arm features episodic vertical stratification due to the influx of deep, dense brine from the north arm. The source of this brine (a breach, two culverts, or subsurface flow) has been investigated over the past 50 years. Quantification of subsurface water flux through the causeway has been problematic due to the heterogeneous and slowly compacting nature of the causeway fill over time. Between 2008 and 2015, enhanced gauging of various surface inflows and outflows and density measurements made throughout the lake permitted detailed water volume calculations of both lake arms. Results show that during high precipitation years, density-driven, north-to-south flow through the causeway predominates due to freshening of water in the south arm. At other times, south-to-north head gradient driven flow and north-to-south density-driven flow are approximately equal. The model suggests subsurface flux through the causeway is one important driver of the ecologically important deep brine layer in the south arm of the lake over the past 20 years.

Fisheries ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (4) ◽  
pp. 61-67
Andrey Bykov

The article presents the results of a cadastral fisheries survey of a group of riverbed ponds located within the boundaries of certain municipal districts of the Kursk region in the summer of 2019. The comparative fishery characteristics of water bodies based on a complex of morphometric, hydrochemical, hydrobiological and ichthyological indicators are presented. The question of the potential use of this group of water bodies for pasture aquaculture is considered based on the results of their bonitirovochnoy assessment for a number of fish-breeding indicators.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (15) ◽  
pp. 2960
Andrzej Araszkiewicz ◽  
Damian Kiliszek ◽  
Michał Mierzwiak ◽  
Joanna Nowak Da Costa ◽  
Marcin Szołucha

An increase in temperature causes higher evaporation of water from water bodies; consequently, the water content in the atmosphere also increases. The precipitable water (PW), as the water content in the atmospheric air column, is therefore an important parameter to consider when studying climate change. The aim of this study was to analyse multi-annual precipitable water data derived from a dense Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS) network. Twelve years of observations from over a hundred ASG-EUPOS stations were used to estimate changes in precipitation water values over Poland. The data were validated by comparison with the available radio-sounding data. The analysis of the GPS-based PW values showed an upward trend in the PW value of 0.078 mm/year. The spatio-temporal distribution of the mean PW values and their fluctuations over the years were studied and visualised in the form of maps. The results are congruent with the fact that Poland lies on the border of influence of both continental and oceanic climates. Our results are also consistent with other climate research concerning this region.

2021 ◽  
Ahmed M. Omer ◽  
Eman M. Abd El-Monaem ◽  
Gehan M. El-Subruiti ◽  
Mona M. Abd El-Latif ◽  
Abdelazeem S. Eltaweil

Abstract During the turbulent period of COVID-19, the medical staff is exerting great efforts to preserve humanity. However, the tons of pharmaceutical residues especially antibiotics that is being disposing daily into water bodies may be the seed to an even more ferocious pandemic. Thence, it is inevitable to find out effective strategies for removing these noxious pharmaceutical residues from water. We aimed in this investigation to fabricate easy separable composite microbeads for efficient adsorption of tetracycline (TC) drug. Herein, MIL-125/MIL-53 binary metal organic framework (MOF) was synthetized and incorporated with carbon nanotube (CNT) into alginate (Alg) microbeads to form MIL-125/MIL-53/[email protected] composite microbeads. Various tools including FTIR, XRD, SEM, BET, Zeta potential and XPS were applied to characterize the composite microbeads. The results revealed that the adsorption of TC was augmented with rising TC proportion up to 15 wt% in the microbeads matrix. In addition, the adsorption process followed the pseudo-second-order and well-fitted to Freundlich and Langmuir models with a maximum adsorption capacity of 294.12 mg/g at 25 ◦C, while the adsorption process was endothermic, randomness and spontaneous. Besides, reusability test signified that MIL-125/MIL-53/[email protected] composite microbeads retained admirable adsorption properties for six consecutive cycles, emphasizing its potentiality for removing of pharmaceutical residues.

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