lactate levels
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2022 ◽  
Vol 44 ◽  
pp. 101232
Heng-Chih Pan ◽  
Tao-Min Huang ◽  
Chiao-Yin Sun ◽  
Nai-Kuan Chou ◽  
Chun-Hao Tsao ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 403
Shu-Hsien Hsu ◽  
Po-Hsuan Kao ◽  
Tsung-Chien Lu ◽  
Chih-Hung Wang ◽  
Cheng-Chung Fang ◽  

Objectives: Early recognition and prevention of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) play an increasingly important role in the Chain of Survival. However, clinical tools for predicting IHCA in the emergency department (ED) are scanty. We sought to evaluate the role of serum lactate in predicting ED-based IHCA. Methods: Data were retrieved from 733,398 ED visits over a 7-year period in a tertiary medical centre. We selected one ED visit per person and excluded out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, children, or those without lactate measurements. Patient demographics, computerised triage information, and serum lactate levels were extracted. The initial serum lactate levels were grouped into normal (≤2 mmol/L), moderately elevated (2 < lactate ≤ 4), and highly elevated (>4 mmol/L) categories. The primary outcome was ED-based IHCA. Results: A total of 17,392 adult patients were included. Of them, 342 (2%) developed IHCA. About 50% of the lactate levels were normal, 30% were moderately elevated, and 20% were highly elevated. In multivariable analysis, the group with highly elevated lactate had an 18-fold increased risk of IHCA (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 18.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 11.5–28.2), compared with the normal lactate group. In subgroup analysis, the poor lactate-clearance group (<2.5%/h) was associated with a 7.5-fold higher risk of IHCA (adjusted OR, 7.5; 95%CI, 3.7–15.1) compared with the normal clearance group. Conclusions: Elevated lactate levels and poor lactate clearance were strongly associated with a higher risk of ED-based IHCA. Clinicians may consider a more liberal sampling of lactate in patients at higher risk of IHCA with follow-up of abnormal levels.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 335
Marcin Strzałka ◽  
Marek Winiarski ◽  
Marcin Dembiński ◽  
Michał Pędziwiatr ◽  
Andrzej Matyja ◽  

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is one of the most common emergencies. Risk stratification is essential in patients with this potentially life-threatening condition. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of the admission venous lactate level in predicting clinical outcomes in patients with UGIB. All consecutive adult patients hospitalized due to UGIB were included in the study. The clinical data included the demographic characteristics of the observed population, etiology of UGIB, need for surgical intervention and intensive care, bleeding recurrence, and mortality rates. Venous lactate was measured in all patients on admission. Logistic regression analyses were used to calculate the odds ratios (OR) of lactate levels for all outcomes. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the accuracy of lactate levels in measuring clinical outcomes, while Youden index was used to calculate the best cut-off points. A total of 221 patients were included in the study (151M; 70F). There were 24 cases of UGIB recurrence (10.8%), 19 patients (8.6%) required surgery, and 37 individuals (16.7%) required intensive care. Mortality rate was 11.3% (25 cases). The logistic regression analysis showed statistically significant association between admission venous lactate and all clinical outcomes: mortality (OR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.22–1.58, p < 0.001), recurrence of bleeding (OR = 1.16, 95%CI: 1.06; 1.28, p = 0.002), surgical intervention (OR = 1.17, 95%CI: 1.06–1.3, p = 0.002) and intensive care (OR = 1.33, 95%CI: 1.19–1.5, p < 0.001). The ROC curve analysis showed a high predictive value of lactate levels for all outcomes, especially mortality: cut-off point 4.3 (AUC = 0.82, 95%CI: 0.72–0.92, p < 0.001) and intensive care: cut-off point 4.2 (AUC = 0.76, 95%CI: 0.66–0.85, p < 0.001). Admission venous lactate level may be a useful predictive factor of clinical outcomes in patients with UGIB.

2022 ◽  
Warley Cezar da SILVEIRA

Abstract Background Previous studies that assessed risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in COVID-19 patients have shown inconsistent results. Our aim was to investigate VTE predictors by both logistic regression (LR) and machine learning (ML) approaches, due to their potential complementarity. Methods This substudy of a large Brazilian COVID-19 Registry included COVID-19 adult patients from 16 hospitals. Symptomatic VTE was confirmed by objective imaging. LR analysis, tree-based boosting and bagging were used to investigate the association of variables upon hospital presentation with VTE. Results Among 4,120 patients (55·5% men, 39·3% critical patients), VTE was confirmed in 6·7%. In multivariate LR analysis, obesity (OR 1·50, 95%CI 1·11-2·02); being an ex-smoker (OR 1·44, 95%CI 1·03-2·01); surgery ≤ 90 days (OR 2·20, 95%CI 1·14-4·23); axillary temperature (OR 1·41, 95%CI 1·22-1·63); D-dimer ≥ 4 times above the upper limit of reference value (OR 2·16, 95%CI 1·26-3·67), lactate (OR 1·10, 95%CI 1·02-1·19), C-reactive protein levels (CRP, OR 1·09, 95% CI 1·01-1·18); and neutrophil count (OR 1·04, 95%CI 1·005-1·075) were independent predictors of VTE. Atrial fibrillation, peripheral oxygen saturation/inspired oxygen fraction (SF) ratio and prophylactic use of anticoagulants were protective. Temperature at admission, SF ratio, neutrophil count, D-dimer, CRP and lactate levels were also identified as predictors by ML methods. Conclusion By using ML and LR analyse, we showed that D-dimer, axillary temperature, neutrophil count, CRP and lactate levels are risk factors for VTE in COVID-19 patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zhifeng Wu ◽  
Wei Cheng ◽  
Zhenyu Wang ◽  
Shuaifei Feng ◽  
Huicong Zou ◽  

There is an interaction and bidirectional selection between dietary intake and gut microbiota due to the different efficiency of nutrients in the gut. The nutritional composition of germ-free (GF) diets differs significantly from specific pathogen-free (SPF) diets. There is, however, no data revealing how SPF animals from the same microbial background respond to them and if they affect the host. We examined the growth of SPF mice on the GF diet and found that it reduced body weight, intestinal length and intestinal morphology. Interestingly, the GF diet increased the level of pro-inflammatory bacteria in the gut of SPF mice, including Proteobacteria, Burkholderiaceae, Alloprevotella and Parasutterella. Furthermore, GF diets caused significant increases in malondialdehyde (MDA), IL-1β, IL-6, and D-lactate levels in the serum of SPF mice and significantly altered their serum metabolic profile, especially amino acid metabolism. In conclusion, GF diets are not suitable for the growth and development of SPF mice. These findings, based on the role of gut microbiota in diet selection, provide new insights into the scientific and rational use of experimental animal diets.

Fabian Herold ◽  
Tom Behrendt ◽  
Caroline Meißner ◽  
Notger Müller ◽  
Lutz Schega

There is considerable evidence showing that an acute bout of physical exercises can improve cognitive performance, but the optimal exercise characteristics (e.g., exercise type and exercise intensity) remain elusive. In this regard, there is a gap in the literature to which extent sprint interval training (SIT) can enhance cognitive performance. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of a time-efficient SIT, termed as “shortened-sprint reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training” (SSREHIT), on cognitive performance. Nineteen healthy adults aged 20–28 years were enrolled and assessed for attentional performance (via the d2 test), working memory performance (via Digit Span Forward/Backward), and peripheral blood lactate concentration immediately before and 10 minutes after an SSREHIT and a cognitive engagement control condition (i.e., reading). We observed that SSREHIT can enhance specific aspects of attentional performance, as it improved the percent error rate (F%) in the d-2 test (t (18) = −2.249, p = 0.037, d = −0.516), which constitutes a qualitative measure of precision and thoroughness. However, SSREHIT did not change other measures of attentional or working memory performance. In addition, we observed that the exercise-induced increase in the peripheral blood lactate levels correlated with changes in attentional performance, i.e., the total number of responses (GZ) (rm = 0.70, p < 0.001), objective measures of concentration (SKL) (rm = 0.73, p < 0.001), and F% (rm = −0.54, p = 0.015). The present study provides initial evidence that a single bout of SSREHIT can improve specific aspects of attentional performance and conforming evidence for a positive link between cognitive improvements and changes in peripheral blood lactate levels.

Medicina ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 43
Julia Riebandt ◽  
Thomas Haberl ◽  
Klaus Distelmaier ◽  
Martin H. Bernardi ◽  
Anne-Kristin Schaefer ◽  

Background and objectives: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a widely accepted and effective strategy for use in patients presenting with refractory cardiogenic shock. Implantation in awake and non-intubated patients allows for optimized evaluation of further therapy options while avoiding potential side effects associated with the need for sedation and intubation. The aim of the study was the assessment of safety and feasibility of awake ECLS implementation and of outcomes in patients treated with this concept. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the concept of awake ECLS implantation in 16 consecutive patients (mean age 58 ± 8 years; male: 88%; ischemic cardiomyopathy: 50%) from 02/2017 to 01/2021. Study endpoints were survival to weaning or bridging to durable support or organ replacement and development of end-organ function and hemodynamic parameters on ECLS. Results: Fourteen patients (88%) were able to be successfully transitioned to definite therapy options. ECLS support stabilized end-organ function, led to a decrease in mean lactate levels (5.3 ± 3.7 mmol/L at baseline to 1.9 ± 1.3 mmol/L 12 h after ECLS start; p = 0.01) and improved hemodynamics (median central venous pressure 20 ± 5 mmHg vs. 10 ± 2 mmHg, p = 0.001) over a median duration of two days (1–8 days IQR). Two patients (13%) died on ECLS support due to multi-organ dysfunction syndrome. Survival to discharge of initially successfully bridged or weaned patients was 64%. Conclusions: Awake ECLS implantation is feasible and safe with the key advantage of omitting or delaying general anesthesia and intubation, with their associated risks in cardiogenic-shock patients, facilitating further decision making.

Biosensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 507
Mukesh Thapa ◽  
Ryong Sung ◽  
Yun Seok Heo

Understanding the levels of glucose (G) and lactate (L) in blood can help us regulate various chronic health conditions such as obesity. In this paper, we introduced an enzyme-based electrochemical biosensor adopting glucose oxidase and lactate oxidase on two working screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) to sequentially determine glucose and lactate concentrations in a single drop (~30 µL) of whole blood. We developed a diet-induced obesity (DIO) mouse model for 28 weeks and monitored the changes in blood glucose and lactate levels. A linear calibration curve for glucose and lactate concentrations in ranges from 0.5 to 35 mM and 0.5 to 25 mM was obtained with R-values of 0.99 and 0.97, respectively. A drastic increase in blood glucose and a small but significant increase in blood lactate were seen only in prolonged obese cases. The ratio of lactate concentration to glucose concentration (L/G) was calculated as the mouse’s gained weight. The results demonstrated that an L/G value of 0.59 could be used as a criterion to differentiate between normal and obesity conditions. With L/G and weight gain, we constructed a diagnostic plot that could categorize normal and obese health conditions into four different zones. The proposed dual electrode biosensor for glucose and lactate in mouse whole blood showed good stability, selectivity, sensitivity, and efficiency. Thus, we believe that this dual electrode biosensor and the diagnostic plot could be used as a sensitive analytical tool for diagnosing glucose and lactate biomarkers in clinics and for monitoring obesity.

Micromachines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
pp. 1513
Tamoghna Saha ◽  
Jennifer Fang ◽  
Sneha Mukherjee ◽  
Charles T. Knisely ◽  
Michael D. Dickey ◽  

Lactate is an essential biomarker for determining the health of the muscles and oxidative stress levels in the human body. However, most of the currently available sweat lactate monitoring devices require external power, cannot measure lactate under low sweat rates (such as in humans at rest), and do not provide adequate information about the relationship between sweat and blood lactate levels. Here, we discuss the on-skin operation of our recently developed wearable sweat sampling patch. The patch combines osmosis (using hydrogel discs) and capillary action (using paper microfluidic channel) for long-term sweat withdrawal and management. When subjects are at rest, the hydrogel disc can withdraw fluid from the skin via osmosis and deliver it to the paper. The lactate amount in the fluid is determined using a colorimetric assay. During active sweating (e.g., exercise), the paper can harvest sweat even in the absence of the hydrogel patch. The captured fluid contains lactate, which we quantify using a colorimetric assay. The measurements show the that the total number of moles of lactate in sweat is correlated to sweat rate. Lactate concentrations in sweat and blood correlate well only during high-intensity exercise. Hence, sweat appears to be a suitable biofluid for lactate quantification. Overall, this wearable patch holds the potential of providing a comprehensive analysis of sweat lactate trends in the human body.

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