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2022 ◽  
Vol 152 ◽  
pp. 105790
Anna Fabry ◽  
Goedele Van den Broeck ◽  
Miet Maertens

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Nick W. Smith ◽  
Andrew J. Fletcher ◽  
Jeremy P. Hill ◽  
Warren C. McNabb

Nutrient-rich foods play a major role in countering the challenges of nourishing an increasing global population. Milk is a source of high-quality protein and bioavailable amino acids, several vitamins, and minerals such as calcium. We used the DELTA Model, which calculates the delivery of nutrition from global food production scenarios, to examine the role of milk in global nutrition. Of the 29 nutrients considered by the model, milk contributes to the global availability of 28. Milk is the main contributing food item for calcium (49% of global nutrient availability), Vitamin B2 (24%), lysine (18%), and dietary fat (15%), and contributes more than 10% of global nutrient availability for a further five indispensable amino acids, protein, vitamins A, B5, and B12, phosphorous, and potassium. Despite these high contributions to individual nutrients, milk is responsible for only 7% of food energy availability, indicating a valuable contribution to global nutrition without necessitating high concomitant energy intakes. Among the 98 food items considered by the model, milk ranks in the top five contributors to 23 of the 29 nutrients modeled. This quantification of the importance of milk to global nutrition in the current global food system demonstrates the need for the high valuation of this food when considering future changes to the system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 ◽  
Megan Reavis ◽  
Jenny Ahlen ◽  
Joe Rudek ◽  
Kusum Naithani

The dramatic increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by humans over the past century and a half has created an urgency for monitoring, reporting, and verifying GHG emissions as a first step toward mitigating the effects of climate change. Fifteen percent of global GHG emissions come from agriculture, and companies in the food and beverage industry are starting to set climate goals. We examined the GHG emissions reporting practices and climate goals of the top 100 global food and beverage companies (as ranked by Food Engineering) and determined whether their goals are aligned with the science of keeping climate warming well below a 2°C increase. Using publicly disclosed data in CDP Climate reports and company sustainability reports, we found that about two thirds of the top 100 global food and beverage companies disclose at least part of their total company emissions and set some sort of climate goal that includes scope 1 and 2 emissions. However, only about half have measured, disclosed, and set goals for scope 3 emissions, which often encompass about 88% of a company's emissions across the entire value chain on average. We also determined that companies, despite setting scope 1, 2, and 3 emission goals, may be missing the mark on whether their goals are significantly reducing global emissions. Our results present the current disclosure and emission goals of the top 100 global food and beverage companies and highlight an urgent need to begin and continue to set truly ambitious, science-aligned climate goals.

Agriculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 99
Chun Yang ◽  
Xuqi Chen

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, global food production and transportation have been largely impacted. Meanwhile, consumers have purchased and stockpiled large quantities of foods due to panic in the early stage of the pandemic, which has resulted in a lot of uneaten, expired foods and has reduced the varieties of foods available in the markets. Due to the lower prices, some consumers have chosen to buy those foods with an earlier production time or inferior quality (suboptimal foods), and the purchase rate of suboptimal foods has increased. Therefore, this study investigated consumer behavior during the pandemic as the research focus, explored the main dimensions that affect consumers’ purchasing of suboptimal foods during the COVID-19 pandemic, tested their correlations, and proposed suggestions for improvement. The results of this study showed that the impacts of Perceived Benefits on Attitude Toward Behavior, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Subject Norm rank 1st, 2nd, and 3rd in importance, respectively, which are all higher than the related impact of Environmental Concerns. For consumers, the most important thing is whether suboptimal foods have consumption motivation for them, which is also the most direct way to make consumers feel the value of suboptimal foods. Furthermore, for consumers, while the environmentally friendly attributes of suboptimal foods are less perceptible than the economic motivations, they still have considerable influence on consumers, and this is even more prominent during the COVID-19 pandemic. Many families have experienced a shock to their income during the pandemic, and consumers are more sensitive and concerned about commodity prices, which also makes lower-priced and more abundant suboptimal foods more popular. However, in the long term, suboptimal foods can have a positive impact on reducing food waste and protecting the environment. When consumers realize this, they will be more motivated to purchase and try suboptimal foods.

World ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-66
Sylvain Charlebois ◽  
Amy Hill ◽  
Janèle Vezeau ◽  
Lydia Hunsberger ◽  
Maddy Johnston ◽  

While food innovation is heavily influenced by the myriad of policies, regulations and other environmental factors within a country, globalization means that food innovation is also a matter of international competitiveness. This benchmarking exercise uses 24 variables to compare the different innovation environments across ten countries: Canada, the US, Mexico, the UK, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Japan, and Australia. Quantitative and qualitative data was collected from publicly available sources only to measure each variable and ultimately provide a ranking. Qualitative data was evaluated using thematic coding to establish baseline practices and then compare each country to the baseline. Quantitative data was evaluated by constructing an average to which each country was compared. Countries whose data showed they met the average were awarded two points, and those who performed above or below average were either awarded an additional point or saw a point deducted. A final ranking was established from the scores across all four pillars, and the ranking was weighted to account for lacking data. The final weighted ranking saw the UK rank first, followed by the US, Germany, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Japan, Mexico, France and finally, Italy in tenth place.

Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 177
Gokhan Hacisalihoglu

Global food security and sustainability in the time of pandemics (COVID-19) and a growing world population are important challenges that will require optimized crop productivity under the anticipated effects of climate change [...]

Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 168
Sabry M. Youssef ◽  
Antonio López-Orenes ◽  
María A. Ferrer ◽  
Antonio A. Calderón

The improvement of crop yield and quality are currently of prime concern to achieve global food security and sustainability. Plant elicitation with salicylic acid (SA) has been shown to play a key role in regulating plant growth and productivity. Here, the effects of foliar SA application (1, 2, and 4 mM) on antioxidant capacity and phenolic metabolism, among other biochemical parameters, were studied in okra leaves. The results showed that SA treatments markedly increase the levels of endogenous free SA and trigger the accumulation of chlorophylls, soluble proteins, proline, antioxidant capacity, and phenolic compounds, alongside the stimulation of the enzymatic activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and peroxidase, with these changes being paralleled by decreased levels of lipid peroxidation. The beneficial effects of SA treatments were also tested on field-grown okra plants. Results revealed that yield-associated agronomic attributes significantly increased upon SA treatments, especially at 2 mM SA. Altogether, these results point to a connection between SA-induced antioxidant system strengthening and crop growth and productivity. Therefore, foliar application of SA seems to be a potent and workable approach to enhance okra crop quality and yield.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
José A. Marengo ◽  
Juan C. Jimenez ◽  
Jhan-Carlo Espinoza ◽  
Ana Paula Cunha ◽  
Luiz E. O. Aragão

AbstractSeveral large-scale drivers of both anthropogenic and natural environmental changes are interacting nonlinearly in the transition zone between eastern Amazonia and the adjacent Cerrado, considered to be another Brazilian agricultural frontier. Land-use change for agrobusiness expansion together with climate change in the transition zone between eastern Amazonia and the adjacent Cerrado may have induced a worsening of severe drought conditions over the last decade. Here we show that the largest warming and drying trends over tropical South America during the last four decades are observed to be precisely in the eastern Amazonia–Cerrado transition region, where they induce delayed wet-season and worsen severe drought conditions over the last decade. Our results evidence an increase in temperature, vapor pressure deficit, subsidence, dry-day frequency, and a decrease in precipitation, humidity, and evaporation, plus a delay in the onset of the wet season, inducing a higher risk of fire during the dry-to-wet transition season. These findings provide observational evidence of the increasing climatic pressure in this area, which is sensitive for global food security, and the need to reconcile agricultural expansion and protection of natural tropical biomes.

Fengjiao Song ◽  
Shijie Wang ◽  
Xiaoyong Bai ◽  
Luhua Wu ◽  
Jinfeng Wang ◽  

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