debt payment
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2021 ◽  
Jie Zhou

Earlier research has documented that debt at older ages has increased significantly in Canada over the period from 1999 to 2016. In this article, we explore the consequences of a growing proportion of older Canadian households experiencing financial vulnerability. After controlling for household characteristics, we find among older households that a high debt-to-asset ratio and very low liquid wealth are significantly and positively associated with skipping or delaying a mortgage or non-mortgage debt payment and with usually paying the minimum amount or less on credit cards in the previous year. The debt-to-income ratio, however, is not an important indicator of financial vulnerability for older households.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
Iriani Iriani ◽  
Syamsul Bahri

The informal sector is a sector that has a huge impact during pandemic covid-19, because they cannot do their usual activities. The government’s policy in the form of PSBB restricts their movements to run their business, such as meatball and vegetable seller and who are in the front of the shops. This research described the strategy used by meatball and vegetable sellers during pandemic. The research method used was descriptive qualitative. Data were collected through interview, observation, and library study. The study result showed that during pandemic covid-19, the informal sector traders felt the decrease sales impact of which affected the income of meatball and vegetable traders, thus reducing their trading capital. They were in dilemma for wanting to run business and afraid of being to covid-19. Therefore, the meatball seller dealt by making various efforts so that their family needs are met and their business still survived by changing the marketing system selectively for goods being marketed and changing the debt-payment mechanism. 

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 105-122
Centia Sabrina Nuriskia ◽  
Ahmad Yoga Novaliansyah

The purpose of this research is to analyze the requirements of bankruptcy regulations and postponement of debt payment obligations on the increase in bankruptcy filings and delays in debt payment obligations in the middle of the COVID-19 Pandemic. This research uses a normative juridical research method with a statutory approach and a conceptual approach that is supported by primary and secondary legal materials. The results of this research indicate that the increase in filing for bankrBankruptcydelays in paying debt obligations at the Commercial Court is due to unclear rules regarding filing for bankrBankruptcyecially the requirements in filing for bank bankruptcy do not specify the amount of debt that can be filed for bankrBankruptcyre is a need for consideration in making and stipulating bankruptcy arrangements, both in the Draft Civil Procedure Code and the Bankruptcy Law and Suspension of Debt Payment Obligations, especially on issues: the amount of debtor debt, simple evidence, creditors holding guarantees in bankrBankruptcyminal confiscation in bankrBankruptcyker wage rating, bankruptcy estate settlement, and position of the arbitration award in bankruptcy cases.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 239
Raditya Triatmaji Pramana ◽  
Bambang Dwi Baskoro

Bankruptcy is regulated in Act No. 37 of 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations (PKPU). In the regulation, the company is declared bankrupt, meaning that when the debtor (debt owner) has two or more creditors (debtors) who do not pay debts that are due and can be collected (cause of bankruptcy). The responsibility of the Board of Directors whose company is experiencing bankruptcy is in principle the same as the responsibility of the Board of Directors whose company is not experiencing bankruptcy. Bankruptcy status applies when there is a decision of the Commercial Court, whether it comes from the application itself or one or more creditors. After being declared bankrupt, the court decided to sell all of the company's assets, the proceeds of which were used to pay the debtors' obligations that were already bankrupt to the creditors. Based on the aforementioned background, a problem can be drawn as follows: What is the liability of the directors who are declared bankrupt? How can the board of directors be declared negligent or wrong which results in the corporation being declared bankrupt? The approach method used in writing this law is normative juridical or also called doctrinal law research. The research specification in this writing is descriptive-analytic. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that the Board of Directors is not personally responsible for the actions committed for and on behalf of the Company based on their authority. This is because the actions of the Board of Directors are seen as actions. The Board of Directors is said to have been wrong or negligent which resulted in the Company being declared bankrupt, namely the lack of good faith by the directors to pay off debts to creditors. The Board of Directors neglected to pay off debts to creditors.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 608-615
Venia Utami Keliat ◽  
Sunarmi Sunarmi ◽  
Bismar Nasution ◽  
T. Devi Keizerina Azwar

In handling and settling of bankruptcy debtor wealth is carried out by the curator under the supervision of a judge with the main objective of using the sale of these assets to pay all debts of the bankrupt debtor proportionally (prorate parta) and based on the structure. The existence of a state towards a bankrupt company in collecting tax which is a state right. With the Constitutional Court Verdict No. 67 / PUU-XI / 2013 results in uncertainty. Which should be paid first, tax debt or labor wages. Therefore a problem arises namely what is the responsibility of the curator in handling and settlement of bankrupt assets, how Law Number 37 of 2004 Concerning Bankruptcy and Delaying Obligations of Debt Payment in protecting the duties of the curator in terms of handling and settlement bankrupt assets, how is the State's position as the preferred creditor after the Constitutional Court's verdict No. 67 / PUU-XI / 2013. The type of writing method applied in this research is normative legal research. The method of approach used is the method of legislation approach using primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The data needed is collected by means of library research and field research by conducting interviews and then analyzed by qualitative deductive analysis methods to produce descriptive data. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the. The curator cannot be punished if he has carried out his duties according to the Judge's provisions. The dispute over the right to precede only arises when there are bills for labor wages and tax debts all at once.

Zeto Bachri ◽  
Suhariningsih Suhariningsih ◽  
Sukarmi Sukarmi ◽  
Iwan Permadi

The establishment of the Bankruptcy Law aims to overcome the difficulties of the business world in terms of debt and receivables in continuing their activities. However, in practice the PKPU and Bankruptcy institutions are used as a means of resolving ordinary civil disputes, this is due to Article 225 paragraph (3) and (5) in conjunction with Article 222 paragraph (1) and (2). The purpose of this study is to analyze the ratio legis for debtors in relation to the ratio legis Article 225 paragraph (3) and paragraph (5) associated with the purpose of establishing Bankruptcy and Suspension Of Debt Payment Obligations (UUK-PKPU). This research is normative legal research with a statute approach, the case approach, historical approach, comparative approach, and the conceptual approach. The legal materials used are primary, secondary, and tertiary. The analysis technique uses legal logic, legal interpretation teleologically, hermeneutics, grammatically, and systematically. The results of the study indicate that the ratio legis regarding PKPU as regulated in Article 225 paragraph (3) and paragraph (5) has a vague norm when it comes to the purpose of establishing UUK-PKPU, that PKPU is a means for debtors so that debtors can restructure their debts. So that no rights are given to debtors who are not present at the PKPU session resulting in no legal protection for the debtor to defend himself by conveying the reasons for the debtor's absence.

Yuridika ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (3) ◽  
pp. 639
Farih Romdoni Putra

The bankruptcy law exists to ensure justice for both creditors and debtors. This research aims at identifying matters needed to be reformed in bankruptcy law in Indonesia to create justice for creditors and debtors. Specifically, this research focused on the provisions of the termination of a plan achieved from the suspension of debt payment obligations (“PKPU”). This research was conducted using a normative juridical research method with a conceptual and comparative approach. The author examined the bankruptcy laws in Indonesia, evaluated several cases of plan termination in PKPU occurring in Indonesia, and later compared the rules in the bankruptcy laws applied in the United States of America, Netherlands, and Singapore Results of this study indicated that the provisions for plan termination in the bankruptcy law do not protect the debtors’ interests. From the termination plan cases in Indonesia, it was also found that there were confusions in the bankruptcy law in Indonesia in which it did not provide legal certainty for both debtors and creditors. The comparison between the bankruptcy laws in Indonesia to the bankruptcy laws in the United States of America, Netherlands, and Singapore also shows that the reform of bankruptcy law in Indonesia needs to be carried out to create flexibility for the implementation of the plan. These findings are discussed further in this article.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 107
Zulkifli W ◽  
Fitri Yeni Dalil

This study examines the implementation of the debt agreement of sweet potato farmers with toke yam, the mechanism for payment of money owed by sweet potato farmers to toke yam and a review of muamalah fiqh on the implementation of conditional debt and debt payment mechanisms according to muamalah fiqh. The type of research used is field research (field research). The findings of this research are, first, the implementation of debt between sweet potato farmers and sweet potato farmers, namely Toke gives debt to farmers on the condition that farmers must sell their sweet potato harvests to Toke and Toke buys the sweet potatoes at a price set by Toke himself. Second, the mechanism for payment of debt between farmers and toke ubi is through the sale of sweet potatoes which are cut directly by toke ubi as a form of debt payment. Third, the implementation of debts between farmers and tokens is contrary to the tabarru contract and in buying and selling there is an element of coercion or lack of willingness and toke to take profits that are not their rights.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 10
Fakhrurrazi Fakhrurrazi ◽  
Hijri Juliansyah

This study aims to determine the relationship between exports, foreign debt payments, and the exchange rates on the foreign exchange reserves of Indonesia in 1988-2019. This study uses secondary data for 31 years and uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) analysis method to analyze the data. The results of this study indicate that all variables have no relationship between variables, only on the foreign exchange reserves to exports. In short-term testing, the export does not have a significant effect on foreign exchange reserves, and the foreign debt payment and the exchange rate have a significant effect on foreign exchange reserves. However, in the long run, all variables do not have a significant effect on foreign exchange reserves.Keywords:Exports, Foreign Debt Payment, Exchange Rates, Foreign Exchange                    Reserves, ARDL

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