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2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 42-56
Olma Fridoki, Alvi Syahrin, Sunarmi, Marlina

In the implementation of restorative justice or settlement of cases outside the court, there are no longer any minor criminal cases, but also include cases such as humiliation, persecution, fraud and embezzlement, negligence resulting in injuries, unpleasant acts, even theft, and gambling. The ultimate goal of this restorative concept hopes to reduce the number of prisoners in prison; removing stigma or labels and returning criminals to normal human beings; criminals can realize their mistakes, so they do not repeat their actions and reduce the workload of the police, prosecutors, detention centers, courts, and correctional institutions; saving state finances does not cause resentment because the perpetrator has been forgiven by the victim, the victim quickly gets compensation; empowering the community in overcoming crime, and reintegrating criminals into society. The problems, namely: settlement through restorative justice eliminates criminal acts, or not. This research is normative legal research. The results showed that: Settlement of criminal cases of fraud and embezzlement through restorative justice does not eliminate criminal acts. It is recommended that the criminal policy for settlement of cases should be changed not to retaliate but to restore the losses incurred for the parties in litigation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 368-373
Citra Alambara ◽  
Made Warka ◽  
Slamet Suhartono

This research is a normative legal research, namely research that focuses on the study or study of positive law. The Advocate profession is related to the task of serving the community to help solve the legal problems it faces.  In carrying out their duties, advocates are guided by the Law on Advocates, but the norms of the law are considered insufficient, because the advocate profession is related to behavior that is not infrequently influenced by the moral ethics of advocates in every decision making. For this reason, in carrying out their duties, they still need an ethical guide as a guide in carrying out their professional duties. In this regard, the Advocate Professional Code of Ethics is very much needed in guiding the behavior of Advocates in making decisions and ethical behavior.

Musfira Musfira ◽  
Syahrizal Abbas ◽  
Khairani Khairani ◽  
Wahyu Khafidah

Specifically, this study is the concept of joint property ownership of husband and wife. The focus of this study is important because, in the Marriage and Islamic Law Compilations, The property obtained in marriage becomes the joint property.So that, when a divorce or death occurs, each person gets half a share, in the regulation, there is no question about who produced it. In the reality of life in society, many wives work to earn a living, so it was interesting to study the different proportions in the distribution of property, in the event of a divorce. The problem of this research was how the concept of the joint property rights of husband and wife. In answering these problems, this research was carried out using the Socio-Legal Research method, by looking at the reality on the ground, to interpret joint property in changing situations. The technique of collecting data was through literature study, while the data analysis was qualitative. The findings of the study indicated that the practice of sharing assets with judges tends to use normative construction. Each of them got half a share and this was seen as an injustice, both through regulation and reconstruction of thinking in the distribution of the shared assets. Keywords: concept, ownership, shared property, marriage, law.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 15
Sri Wahyu Ningsih ◽  
Winda Fitri

With the development of the times, fintech companies in Indonesia are increasingly popular and are also increasingly sought after by many people. One of the developments in fintech is the emergence of Sharia fintech. This study aims to analyze fintech crimes that occur from the perspective of jinayah law and to analyze relevant dispute resolution for fintech crimes from the perspective of jinayah law. In this study, the author uses a normative legal research method that uses qualitative analysis, namely by explaining the existing data with words or statements not with numbers. Sharia fintech has a difference with conventional fintech, namely sharia fintech is carried out in the contract process between business owners and investors. The emergence of sharia fintech provides convenience for the community to carry out a credit process using sharia principles and principles. But there is also a negative side, namely sharia fintech crimes such as fraud, fraud. Based on the results of the study, it shows that this sharia fintech crime when viewed from the perspective of jinayah law is included in the ta'zir crime, which if there is a violation the law enforcement is in accordance with the existing legislation in the fairest manner and carried out indiscriminately and discipline that actually carries out sanki ta'zir for sharia fintech crimes, which in essence contain benefits for human life both in the world and in the hereafter.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Eva Syahfitri Nasution ◽  
Siti Nurahmi Nasution ◽  
M. Hadyan Yunhas Purba ◽  
Akmal Handi Ansari Nasution

<em>This paper aims to analyze the fulfillment the restitution rights for the children as victims after the enactment of government regulation Number 43 of 2017 in Medan based on human rights studies. This research is normative legal research with statute approach which is carried out by examining law and regulations related to the legal issue being raised that is regarding the provision of restitution for child victim of human trafficking in Medan and empirical legal research which gaining data by means direct observation in Medan District Court. Based on the studies, it can be related that restitution must be given to the victims of human trafficking because it is a part of fulfillment of human rights to compensate the victim for losses suffered as the result of a crime.</em>

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 293
Erni Dwita Silambi ◽  
Pangerang Moenta ◽  
Farida Patittingi ◽  
Nur Azisa

Customary law is an unwritten rule that lives in the customary community of an area and will continue to live as long as the community still fulfils the customary law that was passed on to them from their ancestors before them. Settlement in criminal cases through customary law that produces results is a form of legal certainty. This study aims to determine the ideal concept in resolving criminal cases through customary courts in Merauke Papua. The method used in this study is a combination of normative legal research and empirical legal research with the reason that the author wants to examine the norms related to the problem of resolving customary criminal cases and seek direct information on the implementation of customary justice in Merauke Regency which is presented descriptively. recognition of customary courts must be stated in writing in the law on judicial power so that this institution has a clear legal basis and its decisions can be recognized so that it does not need to be tried again through national courts, criminal threats under five years must be resolved through customary courts and are final decisions   Received: 23 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 3 January 2022

2022 ◽  
Jason Chin ◽  
Kathryn Zeiler ◽  
Natali Dilevski ◽  
Alex O. Holcombe ◽  
Rosemary Grace Gatfield-Jeffries ◽  

Scientists are increasingly concerned with making their work easy to verify and build upon. Associated practices include sharing data, materials, and analytic scripts, and preregistering protocols. This has been referred to as a “credibility revolution”. The credibility of empirical legal research has been questioned in the past due to its distinctive peer review system and because the legal background of its researchers means that many often are not trained in study design or statistics. Still, there has been no systematic study of transparency and credibility-related characteristics of published empirical legal research. To fill this gap and provide an estimate of current practices that can be tracked as the field evolves, we assessed 300 empirical articles from highly ranked law journals including both faculty-edited journals and student-edited journals. We found high levels of article accessibility (86% could be accessed without a subscription, 95% CI = [82%, 90%]), especially among student-edited journals (100% accessibility). Few articles stated that a study’s data are available, (19%, 95% CI = [15%, 23%]), and only about half of those datasets are reportedly available without contacting the author. Preregistration (3%, 95% CI = [1%, 5%]) and availability of analytic scripts (6%, 95% = [4%, 9%]) were very uncommon. We suggest that empirical legal researchers and the journals that publish their work cultivate norms and practices to encourage research credibility.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Zaki Priambudi ◽  
Sendy Pratama ◽  
Ramdhan Prawira Mulya Iskandar ◽  
Namira Hilda Papuani ◽  
Natasha Intania Sabila

<table width="595" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tbody><tr><td valign="top" width="387"><p><em>This article aims to answer whether vaccination is a right or an obligation and how criminal law and Qiyas Shafi’i Mazhab views the basic provisions of criminal law against vaccination objectors. By combining doctrinal and socio-legal research method, this article concludes that vaccination is an obligation because a person's personal right to choose health services, especially COVID-19 vaccination has turned into a public right. Vaccination is the government's obligation to protect public health as part of meeting health needs, following the mandate of the constitution and human rights. According to the relative punishment theory, the application of criminal sanctions is an effort made to maintain public order and peace of society, not as a means of repaying the perpetrator's mistakes. Thus, the sanctions imposed on the perpetrator are solely to provide fear so that they do not repeat their actions and other people do not follow them. There are three main objectives of relative theory, namely prevention, prevention, and reform. Whereas Qiyas Shafi'i Mazhab puts forward the application of qiyas as a justification for imposing criminal sanctions against vaccination objectors. Because a person is prohibited from doing something that endangers himself and others, punishment according to the Qiyas Shafi'i Mazhab can be applied. There are similarities between criminal law and Qiyas Shafi'i Mazhab to a view of the obligation to vaccinate, that is, both allow the reduction of individual human rights for the sake of common interests. Ultimately, this article recommends the need to regulate the handling of COVID-19 vaccination objectors through act so that vaccination and law enforcement can run comprehensively, not partially </em></p></td></tr></tbody></table>

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Mustakim Mustakim ◽  
Kasmar Kasmar

Supervision of Bhabinkamtibmas in the use of village funds, aims to ensure that Bhabinkamtibmas can carry out their duties properly. The method used is a normative legal research method with a statutory and conceptual approach. The results of this study indicate that the supervision of Bhabinkamtibmas in the use of village funds is needed to increase the role of Bhabinkamtibmas in village development and coordinate with village community leaders. Because when many community leaders supervise, it is better for the Village Government not to abuse their positions and KKN in the implementation of village development because village funds can tempt officials to do wrong. Bhabinkamtibmas should be involved since planning or deliberation in the hamlet/village, village deliberations (musrenbangdes) so that the development direction is according to priorities in the village and monitoring the village development process. Thus the task of supervising Bhabinkamtibmas can run smoothly, so that it can build a prosperous village without corruption, collusion and nepotism.

2022 ◽  
pp. 69-88
Augustine Edobor Arimoro

To the Nigerian state, consensual sexual activity among persons of the same sex is against the order of nature and must be punished as a crime. On the other hand, to persons who engage in sexual activity with persons of the same gender and to rights' activists, the act is a right, like any other, which should be respected and protected. This chapter examines the cultural issues, the human rights angle, and the future of the criminalization of same-sex sexual conduct conundrum in Nigeria. Using the doctrinal method of legal research methodology, the chapter reviews laws criminalizing homosexuality in Nigeria in juxtaposition with human rights provisions both in the international and domestic context in search of a solution to the problem. Accordingly, it is recommended that while the law should protect cultural values, human rights are sacrosanct and must not be sacrificed.

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