International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics
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Published By World Scientific

1793-6977, 0219-8878

Author(s):  
Pawan Joshi ◽  
Utkarsh Kumar ◽  
Sukanta Panda

Nonlocal gravity models are constructed to explain the current acceleration of the universe. These models are inspired by the infrared correction appearing in Einstein–Hilbert action. Here, we develop the Hamiltonian formalism of a nonlocal model by considering only terms to quadratic order in Riemann tensor, Ricci tensor and Ricci scalar. We show how to count degrees of freedom using Hamiltonian formalism including Ricci tensor and Ricci scalar terms. In this model, we have also worked out with a choice of a nonlocal action which has only two degrees of freedom equivalent to GR. Finally, we find the existence of additional constraints in Hamiltonian required to remove the ghosts in our full action. We also compare our results with that of obtained using Lagrangian formalism.


Author(s):  
A. Chouikh ◽  
T. Said ◽  
M. Hammani ◽  
M. Bennai

In this paper, we propose a scheme for implementing a Toffoli gate in a system with an atom that has six levels in a lambda configuration, interacting with a high-Q cavity containing four modes. Here, we reduce a six-level system into an effective three-level behavior by applying the adiabatic elimination method. Next, we calculate the probabilities of the states of the interest as well as the fidelity. We also study the effects of photonic and atomic decay rates on the evolution of the system which is reasonably less sensitive to decoherence.


Author(s):  
R. Cartas-Fuentevilla ◽  
A. Herrera-Aguilar ◽  
J. Berra-Montiel

Using Perelman’s approach for geometrical flows in terms of an entropy functional, the Higgs mechanism is studied dynamically along flows defined in the space of parameters and in fields space. The model corresponds to two-dimensional gravity that incorporates torsion as the gradient of a Higgs field, and with the reflection symmetry to be spontaneously broken. The results show a discrete mass spectrum and the existence of a mass gap between the Unbroken Exact Symmetry and the Spontaneously Broken Symmetry scenarios. In the latter scenario, the geometries at the degenerate vacua correspond to conformally flat manifolds without torsion; twisted two-dimensional geometries are obtained by building perturbation theory around a ground state; the tunneling quantum probability between vacua is determined along the flows.


Author(s):  
S. Boukaddid ◽  
R. Ahl Laamara ◽  
L. B. Drissi ◽  
E. H. Saidi ◽  
J. Zerouaoui

In this paper, we study the M-string realization of chiral [Formula: see text]-super-conformal field theory in 6 dimensions and its orbifold compactification down to three-dimensional (3D). We analyze its fractionally charged BPS particle spectrum in connection with effective 3D Chern–Simons gauge theory and the supersymmetric fractional quantum Hall effect in [Formula: see text] dimensions. We construct the set of underlying fractionally charged BPS particles in the ground state of the compactified M string and find that it contains 144 BPS states that are generated by four basic quasi-particles (two bosonic-like and two fermionic like) and their CPT conjugate. Two representations of the gauge bosons and the gauginos as condensates of the basic quasiparticles are found and explicit realizations are also given. Other features concerning generalizations are also discussed.


Author(s):  
Ashfaque H. Bokhari ◽  
Muhammad Farhan ◽  
Tahir Hussain

In this paper, we have studied Noether symmetries of the general Bianchi type I spacetimes. The Lagrangian associated with the most general Bianchi type I metric is used to find the set of Noether symmetry equations. These equations are analyzed using an algorithm, developed in Maple, to get all possible Bianchi type I metrics admitting different Noether symmetries. The set of Noether symmetry equations is then solved for each metric to obtain the Noether symmetry algebras of dimensions 4, 5, 6 and 9.


Author(s):  
Aliya Naaz Siddiqui ◽  
Mohd Danish Siddiqi ◽  
Ali H. Alkhaldi ◽  
Akram Ali

In this paper, we obtain lower bounds for the normalized scalar curvature on statistical submersion with the normalized [Formula: see text]-vertical Casorati curvatures. Also, we discuss the conditions for which the equality cases hold. Beside this, we determine the statistical solitons on statistical submersion from statistical manifolds and illustrate an example of statistical submersions from statistical manifolds.


Author(s):  
Firat Yerli̇kaya ◽  
İsmai̇l Aydemi̇r

The main intention of this paper is to analyze integrability for the derivative formulas of the rotation minimizing frame in the Lorentz–Minkowski 3-space. As far as we know, no one has yet given a method to study their integrability in the Lorentz–Minkowski 3-space. So, we introduce the coordinate system in order to provide a tool for studying the integrability. As an application, the position vectors of some special curves having an important place in mathematical and physical research are obtained in the natural representation form. Finally, we support our work with examples.


Author(s):  
Fangcheng Fan

In this paper, we investigate a four-component Toda lattice (TL), which may be used to model the wave propagation in lattices just like the famous TL. By means of the Lax pair and gauge transformation, we construct the [Formula: see text]-fold Darboux transformation (DT), which enables us to obtain multi-soliton or multi-solitary wave solution without complex iterative process. Through the obtained DT, [Formula: see text]-fold explicit exact solutions of the system and their figures with proper parameters are presented from which we find the [Formula: see text]-fold solution shows two-solitary wave structure, the amplitude and shape of the wave change with time. Finally, we derive an infinite number of conservation laws formulaically to illustrate the integrability of the system.


Author(s):  
Caglar Pala ◽  
Ertan Kok ◽  
Ozcan Sert ◽  
Muzaffer Adak

After summarizing the basic concepts for the exterior algebra, we first discuss the gauge structure of the bundle over base manifold for deciding the form of the gravitational sector of the total Lagrangian in any dimensions. Then we couple minimally a Dirac spinor field to our gravitational Lagrangian 2-form which is quadratic in the nonmetricity and both linear and quadratic in the curvature in two dimensions. Subsequently, we obtain field equations by varying the total Lagrangian with respect to the independent variables. Finally, we find some classes of solutions of the vacuum theory and then a solution of the Dirac equation in a specific background and analyze them.


Author(s):  
M. Koussour ◽  
M. Bennai

In this paper, we present a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi type-I cosmological model with a viscous bulk fluid in [Formula: see text] gravity where [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] are the Ricci scalar and trace of the energy-momentum tensor, respectively. The field equations are solved explicitly using the hybrid law of the scale factor, which is related to the average Hubble parameter and gives a time-varying deceleration parameter (DP). We found the deceleration parameter describing two phases in the universe, the early deceleration phase [Formula: see text] and the current acceleration phase [Formula: see text]. We have calculated some physical and geometric properties and their graphs, whether in terms of time or redshift. Note that for our model, the bulk viscous pressure [Formula: see text] is negative and the energy density [Formula: see text] is positive. The energy conditions and the [Formula: see text] analysis for our spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi type-I model are also discussed.


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