International Journal of Modeling Simulation and Scientific Computing
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Published By World Scientific

1793-9615, 1793-9623

Monika Bisht ◽  
Rajesh Dangwal

In this paper, we introduce a new method to solve Interval-Valued Transportation Problem (IVTP) to deal with those problems of transportation wherein the information available is imprecise. First, a newly proposed fuzzification method is used to convert the IVTP to octagonal fuzzy transportation problem and then with the help of ranking function proposed in this paper, the fuzzy transportation problem is converted into crisp transportation problem. Lastly, Initial Basic Feasible Solution (IBFS) of this problem is obtained using Vogel’s Approximation Method and the solution is improved using Modified Distribution (MODI) method. A numerical example with interval data is solved using the proposed algorithm to make comparison of the solution with some other methods. Also, a numerical example with parameters in the form of octagonal fuzzy numbers is illustrated to compare the effectiveness of the proposed ranking technique. The proposed fuzzification and ranking technique can be used in the other fields of decision making dealing with the data in the same form as considered in this paper.

Abhijit Sarkar ◽  
Pankaj Kumar Tiwari ◽  
Samares Pal

The interaction of prey (small fish) and predator (large fish) in lakes/ponds at temperate and tropical regions varies when water level fluctuates naturally during seasonal time. We relate the perceptible effect of fear and anti-predator behavior of prey with the water-level fluctuations and describe how these are influenced by the seasonal changing of water level. So, we consider these as time-dependent functions to make the system more realistic. Also, we incorporate the time-dependent delay in the negative growth rate of prey in predator–prey model with Crowley–Martin-type functional response. We clearly provide the basic dynamics of the system such as positiveness, permanence and nonpersistence. The existence of positive periodic solution is studied using Continuation theorem, and suffiecient conditions for globally attractivity of positive periodic solution are also derived. To make the system more comprehensive, we establish numerical simulations, and compare the dynamics of autonomous and nonautonomous systems in the absence as well as the presence of time delay. Our results show that seasonality and time delay create the occurrence of complex behavior such as prevalence of chaotic disorder which can be potentially suppressed by the cost of fear and prey refuge. Also, if time delay increases, then system leads a boundary periodic solution. Our findings assert that the predation, fear of predator and prey refuge are correlated with water-level variations, and give some reasonable biological interpretations for persistence as well as extinction of species due to water-level variations.

Showkat Ahmad Dar ◽  
Anwar Hassan ◽  
Peer Bilal Ahmad

In this paper, a new model for count data is introduced by compounding the Poisson distribution with size-biased three-parameter Lindley distribution. Statistical properties, such as reliability, hazard rate, reverse hazard rate, Mills ratio, moments, shewness, kurtosis, moment genrating function, probability generating function and order statistics, have been discussed. Moreover, the collective risk model is discussed by considering the proposed distrubution as the primary distribution and the expoential and Erlang distributions as the secondary ones. Parameter estimation is done using maximum likelihood estimation (MLE). Finally a real dataset is discussed to demonstrate the suitability and applicability of the proposed distribution in modeling count dataset.

Shaheen Solwa ◽  
Ayodeji James Bamisaye

Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) have recently been applied to Uncoded Space-Time Labeling Diversity (USTLD) systems to produce labeling diversity mappers. However, the most challenging task is choosing the best parameter setting for the EA to create a more ‘optimal’ mapper design. This paper proposes a ‘meta-Genetic Algorithm (GA)’ used to tune hyperparameters for the Labeling Diversity EA. The algorithm is examined on 16, 32 and 64QAM; 32 and 64PSK; 16, 32 and 64APSK and 16APSK constellations that do not show diagonal symmetry. Furthermore, the meta-GA settings and original GA settings are compared in terms of the number of generations taken to converge to a solution. For QAM constellations, the output using the meta-GA settings matched but did not improve with the original settings. However, the number of generations needed to converge to a solution took 120 times less than the number of generations using the original settings. In the 64PSK constellation, a diversity gain of [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]dB was observed while improving on the actual fitness value from 0.0575 to 0.0661. Similarly, with 32APSK constellation, an improvement in fitness value from 0.1457 to 0.1748 was made while showing diversity gains of [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]dB. 64APSK constellation fitness value improved from 0.0708 to 0.0957, and a [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]dB gain was observed. The most significant improvement was made by the asymmetric 16APSK constellation, with gains of [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]dB and increasing its fitness value three times (0.0981 to 0.3000). A study of the effects of optimizing the GA parameters shows that the number of swaps during crossover [Formula: see text] and the radius [Formula: see text] were the two most important variables to optimize when executing this GA.

Longfei Zhou ◽  
Lin Zhang

The rapid development of computer vision techniques has brought new opportunities for manufacturing industries, accelerating the intelligence of manufacturing systems in terms of product quality assurance, automatic assembly, and industrial robot control. In the electronics manufacturing industry, intensive variability in component shapes and colors, background brightness, and visual contrast between components and background results in difficulties in printed circuit board image classification. In this paper, we apply computer vision techniques to detect diverse electronic components from their background images, which is a challenging problem in electronics manufacturing industries because there are multiple types of components mounted on the same printed circuit board. Specifically, a 13-layer convolutional neural network (ECON) is proposed to detect electronic components either of a single category or of diverse categories. The proposed network consists of five Convolution-MaxPooling blocks, followed by a flattened layer and two fully connected layers. An electronic component image dataset from a real manufacturing company is applied to compare the performance between ECON, Xception, VGG16, and VGG19. In this dataset, there are 11 categories of components as well as their background images. Results show that ECON has higher accuracy in both single-category and diverse component classification than the other networks.

Chandan Maji

In this work, we formulated and analyzed a fractional-order epidemic model of infectious disease (such as SARS, 2019-nCoV and COVID-19) concerning media effect. The model is based on classical susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model. Basic properties regarding positivity, boundedness and non-negative solutions are discussed. Basic reproduction number [Formula: see text] of the system has been calculated using next-generation matrix method and it is seen that the disease-free equilibrium is locally as well as globally asymptotically stable if [Formula: see text], otherwise unstable. The existence of endemic equilibrium point is established using the Lambert W function. The condition for global stability has been derived. Numerical simulation suggests that fractional order and media have a large effect on our system dynamics. When media impact is stronger enough, our fractional-order system stabilizes the oscillation.

T. Mohanraj

The prediction of performance measures is an essential one for manufacturers to increase the service life. This paper deals with the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to predict the performance measures like surface roughness, material removal rate, and flank wear during the milling process from the experimental data. The milling experiments were conducted in wet conditions based on the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) design of experiments. The spindle speed, feed rate, and axial depth of cut were considered as process parameters. The experimental data were used to develop the regression model, Mamdani fuzzy inference system, Backpropagation Neural Network (BPNN), and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) model. The output of regression, fuzzy, neural network, and ANFIS model was compared with the experimental data, and predicted results were found to be in good conformity with the measured data. The prediction capability of the quadratic and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model was very close to experimentally measured values and the quadratic model had an accuracy of 97.89% for surface roughness, 98.38% for material removal rate (MRR), and 95.72% for flank wear.

Wenzhong Xu ◽  
Jun Meng ◽  
S. Kanaga Suba Raja ◽  
M. Padma Priya ◽  
M. Kiruthiga Devi

Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems have evolved with digital learning developments to provide thriving soft groups with digital opportunities in response to feedback. When it comes to learning environments, educators’ training feedback is often used as a response recourse. Through the use of final evaluations, students receive feedback that improves their education abilities. To improve academic achievement and explore knowledge in the learning process, this section provides an AI-assisted personalized feedback system (AI-PFS). An individualized feedback system is implemented to learn more about the student’s lack of academic experience interactivity and different collaboration behaviors. According to their benchmark, PFS aims to establish a personalized and reliable feedback process for each class based on their collaborative process and learn analytics modules. It has been proposed to use multi-objective implementations to evaluate students regarding the learning results and teaching methods. With different series of questions sessions for students, AI-PFS has been designed, and the findings showed that it greatly enhances the performance rate of 95.32% with personalized and reasonable predictive.

Nasim Ullah ◽  
Alsharef Mohammad

The coupled tank system is the most widely used sub-component in chemical process industries. Fluid mixing is a major step in chemical processes that alters the material properties and cost. Fluid flow and its level regulation between several tanks are important control problems. As the first step, this paper addresses the level regulation problem using classical integer order proportional, derivative, integral (PID), fractional order PID controllers. As a second step, model-based robust fractional order controllers are derived using sliding mode approach in order to achieve the desired response, parameters of the proposed controllers are tuned using genetic algorithm. Finally, system performance under all variants of control schemes has been tested using numerical simulations.

Zang Liguo ◽  
Wu Yibin ◽  
Wang Xingyu ◽  
Wang Zhi ◽  
Li Yaowei

The vehicle with tire blowout will have dangerous working conditions such as yaw and tail flick, which will seriously endanger the safety of driving. A tire blowout model was established based on the UniTire model and the change of tire blowout mechanical characteristics. A Carsim/Simulink joint simulation platform was built to study the dynamic response of the vehicle after the front wheel tire blowout under curve driving. A combined control strategy of outer-loop trajectory control and inner-loop differential braking control based on sliding mode fuzzy control algorithms and fuzzy PID control algorithms was proposed to ensure that the vehicle can still follow the original trajectory stably after tire blowout. The results show that the tire blowout of the front wheel on the same side as the turning direction has a great influence on the instability and yaw of the vehicle, and the designed control strategy can effectively control the running track of the vehicle with tire blowout and the vehicle stability.

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