A new method for design and calculating the mechanical properties and energy absorption behavior of cellular structures using foam microstructure modeling based on Laguerre tessellation

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 428-444
Ali Shiravand ◽  
Masoud Asgari
Rakesh Sankineni ◽  
Y Ravi Kumar

Additive manufacturing is an advanced technology used to fabricate complex geometries with unique properties like cellular structures which accommodate repeated unit cells located in the x, y and z direction. These structures can be used as infill patterns due to their self-supporting structure. Among the cellular structures, Triply Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) structures such as Gyroid, Diamond and Schwarz Primitive (SchwarzP) structures can be tailored to produce complex structures for various applications like tissue engineering scaffolds and replace the conventional polymeric foams. TPMS structures are designed and manufactured by using the Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) technique using Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) as material. Among TPMS structures, Gyroid is having a unique property like structurally symmetric which design was modified to enhance the mechanical properties. The modified Gyroid or deformed Gyroid undergone a quasi-static compression test and compare the results with Diamond and SchwarzP structures. Porosity and permeability coefficients are evaluated and an optical microscope is used to verify the fabricated components. As well as, Failure patterns of the structures were evaluated and energy absorption capabilities determined. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the impact of design and porosity on the mechanical and morphological properties of TPMS structures. In conclusion, the deformed Gyroid has more energy absorption capability up to the 11.6% strain than other TPMS structures. After 11.6% of strain, SchwarzP structure dominates.

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (3) ◽  
pp. 003685042110368
Dong An ◽  
Jiaqi Song ◽  
Hailiang Xu ◽  
Jingzong Zhang ◽  
Yimin Song ◽  

When the rock burst occurs, energy absorption support is an important method to solve the impact failure. To achieve constant resistance performance of energy absorption device, as an important component of the support, the mechanical properties of one kind of prefolded tube is analyzed by quasi-static compression test. The deformation process of compression test is simulated by ABAQUS and plastic strain nephogram of the numerical model are studied. It is found that the main factors affecting the fluctuation of force-displacement curve is the stiffness of concave side wall. The original tube is improved to constant resistance by changing the side wall. The friction coefficient affects the folding order and form of the energy absorbing device. Lifting the concave side wall stiffness can improve the overall stiffness of energy absorption device and slow down the falling section of force-displacement curve. It is always squeezed by adjacent convex side wall in the process of folding, with large plastic deformation. Compared with the original one, the improved prefolded tube designed in this paper can keep the maximum bearing capacity ( Pmax), increase the total energy absorption ( E), improve the specific energy absorption (SEA), and decrease the variance ( S2) of force-displacement curve.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 249
Przemysław Rumianek ◽  
Tomasz Dobosz ◽  
Radosław Nowak ◽  
Piotr Dziewit ◽  
Andrzej Aromiński

Closed-cell expanded polypropylene (EPP) foam is commonly used in car bumpers for the purpose of absorbing energy impacts. Characterization of the foam’s mechanical properties at varying strain rates is essential for selecting the proper material used as a protective structure in dynamic loading application. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of loading strain rate, material density, and microstructure on compressive strength and energy absorption capacity for closed-cell polymeric foams. We performed quasi-static compressive strength tests with strain rates in the range of 0.2 to 25 mm/s, using a hydraulically controlled material testing system (MTS) for different foam densities in the range 20 g/dm3 to 220 g/dm3. The above tests were carried out as numerical simulation using ABAQUS software. The verification of the properties was carried out on the basis of experimental tests and simulations performed using the finite element method. The method of modelling the structure of the tested sample has an impact on the stress values. Experimental tests were performed for various loads and at various initial temperatures of the tested sample. We found that increasing both the strain rate of loading and foam density raised the compressive strength and energy absorption capacity. Increasing the ambient and tested sample temperature caused a decrease in compressive strength and energy absorption capacity. For the same foam density, differences in foam microstructures were causing differences in strength and energy absorption capacity when testing at the same loading strain rate. To sum up, tuning the microstructure of foams could be used to acquire desired global materials properties. Precise material description extends the possibility of using EPP foams in various applications.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (14) ◽  
pp. 3817
Yingjie Huang ◽  
Wenke Zha ◽  
Yingying Xue ◽  
Zimu Shi

This study focuses on the uniaxial compressive behaviour of thin-walled Al alloy tubes filled with pyramidal lattice material. The mechanical properties of an empty tube, Al pyramidal lattice material, and pyramidal lattice material-filled tube were investigated. The results show that the pyramidal lattice material-filled tubes are stronger and provide greater energy absorption on account of the interaction between the pyramidal lattice material and the surrounding tube.

2021 ◽  
pp. 073168442199086
Yunfei Qu ◽  
Dian Wang ◽  
Hongye Zhang

The double V-wing honeycomb can be applied in many fields because of its lower mass and higher performance. In this study, the volume, in-plane elastic modulus and unit cell area of the double V-wing honeycomb were analytically derived, which became parts of the theoretical basis of the novel equivalent method. Based on mass, plateau load, in-plane elastic modulus, compression strain and energy absorption of the double V-wing honeycomb, a novel equivalent method mapping relationship between the thickness–width ratio and the basic parameters was established. The various size factor of the equivalent honeycomb model was denoted as n and constructed by the explicit finite element analysis method. The mechanical properties and energy absorption performance for equivalent honeycombs were investigated and compared with hexagonal honeycombs under dynamic impact. Numerical results showed a well coincidence for each honeycomb under dynamic impact before 0.009 s. Honeycombs with the same thickness–width ratio had similar mechanical properties and energy absorption characteristics. The equivalent method was verified by theoretical analysis, finite element analysis and experimental testing. Equivalent honeycombs exceeded the initial honeycomb in performance efficiency. Improvement of performance and weight loss reached 173.9% and 13.3% to the initial honeycomb. The double V-wing honeycomb possessed stronger impact resistance and better load-bearing capacity than the hexagonal honeycomb under impact in this study. The equivalent method could be applied to select the optimum honeycomb based on requirements and improve the efficiency of the double V-wing honeycomb.

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