copper surfaces
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2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 107338
Atul Ranjan ◽  
Israr Ahmad ◽  
Rinku Kumar Gouda ◽  
Manabendra Pathak ◽  
Mohd Kaleem Khan

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 247
Hao Zhang ◽  
Ling Pan ◽  
Xuqing Xie

Droplets impinging on solid surfaces is a common phenomenon. However, the motion of surfaces remarkably influences the dynamical behaviors of droplets, and related research is scarce. Dynamical behaviors of water nanodroplets impinging on translation and vibrating solid copper surfaces were investigated via molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The dynamical characteristics of water nanodroplets with various Weber numbers were studied at four translation velocities, four vibration amplitudes, and five vibration periods of the surface. The results show that when water nanodroplets impinge on translation surfaces, water molecules not only move along the surfaces but also rotate around the centroid of the water nanodroplet at the relative sliding stage. Water nanodroplets spread twice in the direction perpendicular to the relative sliding under a higher surface translation velocity. Additionally, a formula for water nanodroplets velocity in the translation direction was developed. Water nanodroplets with a larger Weber number experience a heavier friction force. For cases wherein water nanodroplets impinge on vibration surfaces, the increase in amplitudes impedes the spread of water nanodroplets, while the vibration periods promote it. Moreover, the short-period vibration makes water nanodroplets bounce off the surface.

Fatah Chiter ◽  
Dominique Costa ◽  
Vincent Maurice ◽  
Philippe Marcus

Abstract A key factor for effective inhibition by organic molecules of the initiation of localized corrosion by pitting is their ability to form a protective organic film in locally de-passivated zones exposing the bare metal next to the oxide-covered surface. Herein, based on quantum chemical DFT calculations, we study the chemistry of the interface between 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (MBI) and a copper surface partially covered by a Cu2O passive oxide film. The results show the adaptability of the molecule to adsorb strongly on the different zones, oxide or metal, of a locally de-passivated surface. However, differences in the local adsorption configurations, involving covalent bonding with H-bonding depending on oxide or metal and on conformer, thione or thiolate, lead to the formation of an inhomogeneous organic film. Increasing order of local adsorption strength is oxide walls < metal surface < oxide surface < oxide edges for the thione species, whereas there is no significant difference of local adsorption strength for the thiolate species. Our results suggest that both species of MBI can heal the oxygen and copper low coordinated sites as well as can protect the exposed metal surface, thus enhancing the barrier properties of the passivated surface even when locally defective.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2119 (1) ◽  
pp. 012126
M M Vasilev ◽  
Y G Shukhov ◽  
A A Rodionov ◽  
Y P Li ◽  
M K Lei

Abstract Nanosecond laser microstructuring of copper surfaces was performed in this work. The contact angle value immediately after laser treatment decreased sharply and all samples were hydrophilic or superhydrophilic. Hydrophobization of the textured samples occurs as a result of environmental exposure over time. Oxidation and adsorption of carbon and its compounds from the atmosphere leads to a change in the wettability of the irradiated surfaces. The acceleration of hydrophobization process with decrease of fluence was found. It is shown that the stable contact angle, reached after one month, does not depend on the value of the fluence and is about 140°.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3216
Matic Može ◽  
Viktor Vajc ◽  
Matevž Zupančič ◽  
Iztok Golobič

Increasing heat dissipation requirements of small and miniature devices demands advanced cooling methods, such as application of immersion cooling via boiling heat transfer. In this study, functionalized copper surfaces for enhanced heat transfer are developed and evaluated. Samples are functionalized using a chemical oxidation treatment with subsequent hydrophobization of selected surfaces with a fluorinated silane. Pool boiling tests with water, water/1-butanol mixture with self-rewetting properties and a novel dielectric fluid with low GWP (Novec™ 649) are conducted to evaluate the boiling performance of individual surfaces. The results show that hydrophobized functionalized surfaces covered by microcavities with diameters between 40 nm and 2 µm exhibit increased heat transfer coefficient (HTC; enhancements up to 120%) and critical heat flux (CHF; enhancements up to 64%) values in comparison with the untreated reference surface, complemented by favorable fabrication repeatability. Positive surface stability is observed in contact with water, while both the self-rewetting fluids and Novec™ 649 gradually degrade the boiling performance and in some cases also the surface itself. The use of water/1-butanol mixtures in particular results in surface chemistry and morphology changes, as observed using SEM imaging and Raman spectroscopy. This seems to be neglected in the available literature and should be focused on in further studies.

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