surface morphology
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 636
Zongxia Fu ◽  
Fan Chen ◽  
Wenbo Bie ◽  
Bo Zhao ◽  
Xiaobo Wang

This study aimed to explore the evolution of surface properties of nanocomposite ceramics during ultrasonic vibration-assisted electrolytic in-process dressing (UVA-ELID) grinding. First, the trajectory of the grain was analyzed, and the motion was simulated using MATLAB to demonstrate the mechanism of UVA-ELID grinding. The critical grinding depth was also calculated under the effect of ultrasonic vibration. Then, the conventional ELID (C-ELID) and UVA-ELID grinding were compared. The surface properties, including surface residual stress, surface microstructure, surface roughness, and surface morphology, were used to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of UVA-ELID grinding. Whether it was conventional C-ELID or UVA-ELID grinding, the residual compressive stress was introduced into the machined surface, while the former was lower than the latter. The microstructure of the UVA-ELID grinding was evenly distributed, and the ductility removal occurred during material removal. The surface roughness of Ra and Rz was reduced by 14.5% and 20.6%, respectively, during the UVA-ELID grinding. The surface morphology was dramatically changed with the help of ultrasonic vibration. In a word, for nanocomposite ceramic, the UVA-ELID grinding can significantly improve surface performance and achieve a better machining effect.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Dong Hyun Kim ◽  
Eun-Mi Kim ◽  
Gi-Seok Heo ◽  
Dong Wook Lee ◽  
Jin Young Oh ◽  

Ivan P Nevirkovets ◽  
Mikhail A Belogolovskii ◽  
John B Ketterson

Abstract We have fabricated and characterized all-MoGe Josephson junctions with a very thin Al/AlOx/(Al) barrier, where the amorphous MoGe films exhibit superconducting transition temperatures up to 7 K. Due to the uniformity of the surface morphology of the MoGe films, the junctions demonstrate high uniformity of their tunneling properties. The experimental data on the temperature dependence of the subgap current agree well with theoretical calculations. The results obtained imply that Josephson tunnel junctions based on amorphous superconductors are promising candidates for use in superconducting electronics, especially in applications requiring multiple stacked junctions or the creation of a nonequilibrium quasiparticle distribution.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Jian Yu ◽  
Dahang Zhao ◽  
Shuo Wang ◽  
Chao Zhang ◽  
Jiazhang Huang ◽  

The implant design of the talar component for total ankle replacement (TAR) should match the surface morphology of the talus so that the replaced ankle can restore the natural motion of the tibiotalar joint and may reduce postoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to introduce a new 3D fitting method (the two-sphere fitting method of the talar trochlea with three fitting resection planes) to approximate the shape of the upper part of the talus for the Chinese population. 90 models of the tali from CT images of healthy volunteers were used in this study. Geometrical fitting and morphological measurements were performed for the surface morphology of the upper part of the talus. The accuracy of the two-sphere fitting method of the talar trochlea was assessed by a comparison of previously reported data. Parameters of the fitting geometries with different sizes were recorded and compared. Results showed that compared with previously reported one-sphere, cylinder, and bitruncated cone fitting methods, the two-sphere fitting method presented the smallest maximum distance difference, indicating that talar trochlea can be approximated well as two spheres. The radius of the medial fitting sphere R M was 20.69 ± 2.19  mm which was significantly smaller than the radius of the lateral fitting sphere R L of 21.32 ± 1.88  mm. After grouping all data by the average radius of fitting spheres, the result showed that different sizes of the upper part of the talus presented significantly different parameters except the orientation of the lateral cutting plane, indicating that the orientation of the lateral cutting plane may keep consistent for all upper part of the talus and have no relationship with the size. The linear regression analyses demonstrated a weak correlation ( R 2 < 0.5 ) between the majority of parameters and the average radius of the fitting spheres. Therefore, different sizes of the upper part of the talus presented unique morphological features, and the design of different sizes of talar components for TAR should consider the size-specific characteristics of the talus. The parameters measured in this study provided a further understanding of the talus and can guide the design of different sizes of the talar components of the TAR implant.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 773
Tsz Ying Hui ◽  
Lorena Skevi ◽  
Bianca Reeksting ◽  
Susanne Gebhard ◽  
Kevin Paine

Despite being associated with lower carbon emissions, CEM II cementitious materials exhibit reduced early age strength compared to that of CEM I. Several studies have demonstrated early age strength improvements by incorporating bacterial cells in concrete. In this study, live vegetative bacteria and dead bacteria killed in two different ways were used to explore whether changes in strength are related to the bacteria’s viability or their surface morphology. Compressive and flexural strength tests were performed at mortars with and without bacteria for both CEM I and CEM II cement. Their microstructure, porosity and mineralogy were also examined. No net strength gain was recorded for either CEM I or CEM II bacterial mortars compared to non-bacterial controls, although changes in the porosity were reported. It is proposed that two phenomena, one causing strength-reduction and one causing strength-gain, took place in the bacterial specimens, simultaneously. It is suggested that each phenomenon is dependent on the alkalinity of the cement matrix, which differs between CEM I and CEM II mortars at early age. Nevertheless, in neither case could it be recommended that the addition of bacteria is an effective way of increasing the early age strength of mortars.

2022 ◽  
Moran Xu ◽  
Changping Li ◽  
Rendi Kurniawan ◽  
Jielin Chen ◽  
Tae Jo Ko

Abstract Electrical discharge-assisted milling (EDAM) is an effective method for machining titanium alloys according to previous research. In this study, the influence of three different dielectrics (kerosene, EDM oil, and deionized water) on the EDAM performance was studied. Experimental studies reveal the influence of different dielectrics by analyzing the discharged signal, surface morphology, and elemental composition of the electrode. The results show that kerosene and EDM oil have a higher discharge frequency than deionized water. After a long discharge time, carbides and debris were generated during the machining process, which affected the micro-hardness and the discharge stability of the machined material. In EDAM, EDM oil can produce the best surface quality, and the surface roughness value was 34.93%, 87.92%, and 121.68% higher than that of kerosene, deionized water, and conventional milling (CM), respectively.

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