chemical oxidation
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Jiang Guo ◽  
Zhuoran Chen ◽  
Xiaojian Xu ◽  
Xu Li ◽  
Hu Liu ◽  

AbstractIn this work, the engineered polyaniline (PANI)/epoxy composites reinforced with PANI-M (physical mixture of PANI spheres and fibers) exhibit significantly enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption performance and mechanical property. Due to the synergistic effect of PANI fillers with different geometries, the reflection loss of 10.0 wt% PANI-M/epoxy could reach − 36.8 dB at 17.7 GHz. Meanwhile, the mechanical properties (including tensile strength, toughness, and flexural strength) of PANI/epoxy were systematically studied. Compared with pure epoxy, the tensile strength of epoxy with 2.0 wt% PANI-M was improved to 86.2 MPa. Moreover, the PANI spheres (PANI-S) and PANI fibers (PANI-F) were prepared by the chemical oxidation polymerization method and interface polymerization method, respectively. The characterizations including scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectra, and X-ray diffraction were applied to analyze the morphology and chemical and crystal structures of PANI filler. This work could provide the guideline for the preparation of advanced engineered epoxy nanocomposites for electromagnetic wave pollution treatment. Graphical abstract

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 484
Yun-Yun Huang ◽  
Jian Wu

Nano coatings for anti−corrosion and electromagnetic wave absorbing can simultaneously implement the functions of assimilating electromagnetic waves and reducing the corrosion of materials caused by corrosive environments, such as seawater. In this work, a composite material for both electromagnetic wave absorption and anti−corrosion was prepared by an in−situ chemical oxidation and surface coating method using carbonyl iron powder (CIP), graphene oxide (GO) and aniline (AN). The synthesized composite material was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (FT−IR) and XRD. The carbonyl iron powder−graphene oxide−polyaniline (CIP−GO−PANI) composite material was used as the functional filler, and the epoxy resin was the matrix body for preparing the anticorrosive wave−absorbing coating. The results show that CIP had strong wave−absorbing properties, and the anti−corrosion property was greatly enhanced after being coated by GO−PANI.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 189
Thamer Adnan Abdullah ◽  
Tatjána Juzsakova ◽  
Rashed Taleb Rasheed ◽  
Muhammad Ali Mallah ◽  
Ali Dawood Salman ◽  

In this paper, the application of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) based on metal oxide nanocomposites as adsorbents for the removal of hydrocarbons such as kerosene from water was investigated. Functionalized MWCNTs were obtained by chemical oxidation using concentrated sulfuric and nitric acids. V2O5, CeO2, and V2O5:CeO2 nanocomposites were prepared using the hydrothermal method followed by deposition of these oxides over MWCNTs. Individual and mixed metal oxides, fresh MWCNTs, and metal oxide nanoparticle-doped MWCNTs using different analysis techniques were characterized. XRD, TEM, SEM, EDX, AFM, Raman, TG/DTA, and BET techniques were used to determine the structure as well as chemical and morphological properties of the newly prepared adsorbents. Fresh MWCNTs, Ce/MWCNTs, V/MWCNTs, and V:Ce/MWCNTs were applied for the removal of kerosene from a model solution of water. GC analysis indicated that high kerosene removal efficiency (85%) and adsorption capacity (4270 mg/g) after 60 min of treatment were obtained over V:Ce/MWCNTs in comparison with fresh MWCNTs, Ce/MWCNTs and V/MWCNTs. The kinetic data were analyzed using the pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, and intra-particle diffusion rate equations.

Mohandas Umadevi ◽  
Ramasamy Rathinam ◽  
Thirumalai Raj Brindha ◽  
Sivakumar Dheenadhayalan ◽  
Sangma Pattabhi

A Kanni Raj

Abstract: Polyaniline nanoparticles is synthesized by chemical oxidation of aniline by copper sulphate. Chemical reduction of silver nitrate by sodium citrate yileds silver nanoparticles. Both aforesaid nanomaterials are mixded with polyvinyl alcohol to get nanocomposite gel. Nanoparticles are characterized by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy. Schottky diode is made by applying nanocomposite with copper wire on one side of aluminium foil and on other side attaching copper wire for another electrical contact. Current-voltage electrical characterization is analyzed by making simple circuit encompassing polyaniline/silver nanocomposite diode. Keywords: Nanoelecttronics, Nanoparticles, Polyaniline, Nanocomposite, Schottky-diode

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 1564-1570
A. Nirmala

Industrialization plays a major role for the economic development of any nation. In spite of various positive aspects of industrialization, the foremost negative aspect is pollution by discharge of more waste water in to the environment. So, the aim of the present work is to analyse the phytotoxic effect of textile industry waste water on seed germination and treating the waste water using Bacterial Species and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle. Physico-chemical parameters of dying industry waste water such as color, temperature, pH, conductivity, turbidity, total dissolved solid, total hardness, COD, BOD, oil and greases, chloride, sodium, potassium, chromium, copper, total alkalinity and zinc were analysed as per standard methods. To confirm the harmfulness, an investigation was made to study the degree of toxicity of dyeing industry effluent on seed germination and growth of Sorghum bicolor (white sorghum) Vigna unguiculata (cow pea) were selected for this study and it was placed in soil containing pots and watering with untreated industry waste water and treated waste water. The waste water was treated by two methods, one by bacterial degradation, using Pseudomonas fluroscence and the secondly, by chemical oxidation, using zinc oxide nanoparticles. After treatment their efficiency was tested with above two plants. All the above said parameter were found to be high in untreated waste water. There was a gradual decrease in the percentage of seed germination and seedling growth due to higher concentration of effluent, when compared with control. In this comparative study, methyl orange degradation by the chemical oxidation using zinc oxide nanoparticle was more effective and faster than the biological oxidation of bacterial species.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 58
Yuefei Wang ◽  
Renjing Song ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Rongpeng Fu ◽  
Zhiguo Liu ◽  

The authors report that polypyrrole (PPy) films with large area and high crystalline quality have been achieved using an interfacial chemical oxidation method. By dissolving different reactants in two immiscible solvents, the PPy is synthetized at the interface region of the two solutions. The PPy films have sharp XRD diffraction peaks, indicating that the molecular chains in the film are arranged in a high degree of order and that they reflect high crystalline quality. High crystal quality is also conducive to improving electrical conductivity. The conductivity of the as prepared PPy film is about 0.3 S/cm, and the carrier mobility is about 5 cm2/(Vs). In addition, the biggest advantage of this method is that the prepared PPy film has a large area and is easy to transfer to other substrates. This will confidently broaden the application of PPy in the future.

2021 ◽  
Vol 118 (52) ◽  
pp. e2113910118
Yuki Tanahashi ◽  
Kosuke Takahashi ◽  
Yuta Tsubonouchi ◽  
Shunsuke Nozawa ◽  
Shin-ichi Adachi ◽  

The understanding of O–O bond formation is of great importance for revealing the mechanism of water oxidation in photosynthesis and for developing efficient catalysts for water oxidation in artificial photosynthesis. The chemical oxidation of the RuII2(OH)(OH2) core with the vicinal OH and OH2 ligands was spectroscopically and theoretically investigated to provide a mechanistic insight into the O–O bond formation in the core. We demonstrate O–O bond formation at the low-valent RuIII2(OH) core with the vicinal OH ligands to form the RuII2(μ-OOH) core with a μ-OOH bridge. The O–O bond formation is induced by deprotonation of one of the OH ligands of RuIII2(OH)2 via intramolecular coupling of the OH and deprotonated O− ligands, conjugated with two-electron transfer from two RuIII centers to their ligands. The intersystem crossing between singlet and triple states of RuII2(μ-OOH) is easily switched by exchange of H+ between the μ-OOH bridge and the auxiliary backbone ligand.

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