Improvements in a lamp-monochromator-based facility at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Visible near-infrared Spectral Comparator Facility (VisSCF) which is used to calibrate optical detectors for spectral radiant power responsivity from 300 nm to 1100 nm, are described. These changes include extending the VisSCF operational range down to 300 nm from 350 nm, thereby fully covering the ultraviolet-A (UVA) spectral region and partially covering the UVB range. These improvements have lowered the magnitudes of most of the components in the uncertainty budget and have led to combined 0.005 % transfer (k=1) uncertainties in the spectral power responsivity calibrations over most of the spectral range. Redevelopment of the uncertainty budget results in total expanded uncertainties of spectral responsivities of less than 0.1 % (k=2) over the spectral range from 380 nm to 980 nm, with the greatest uncertainty term coming from the calibrations of the transfer standards.
An efficient near-infrared quantum cutting process by cooperative down-conversion of active Bi3+ and Nd3+ ions was demonstrated in Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ phosphors. In particular, the near-infrared emission of Nd3+ ions enhanced by Bi3+ ions of a series of novel Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ microcrystalline powders doped with Nd3+ ions in various concentrations was investigated. In order to investigate the luminescent properties of BTBO:Nd3+ powders, the excitation and emission spectra and the fluorescence decay time were measured and analyzed. In particular, the emission of Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ at 890 and 1064 nm was excited at 327 nm (via energy transfer from Bi3+ ions) and at 586.4 nm (directly by Nd3+ ions). The highest intensity emission bands in near-infrared were detected in the spectra of Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ doped with 5.0 and 0.5 at.% of Nd3+ ions upon excitation in ultraviolet and visible spectral range, respectively. The fluorescence decay lifetime monitored at 1064 nm for Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ powders shows the single- or double-exponential character depending on the concentrations of Nd3+ ions. The possible mechanisms of energy relaxation after excitation Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ powders in ultraviolet or visible spectral range were discussed. The investigated Bi3TeBO9:Nd3+ phosphors efficiently concentrate the ultraviolet/visible radiation in the near-infrared spectral range and can be potentially used as effective spectral converters.
Zinc phosphide, Zn3P2, is a semiconductor with a high absorption coefficient in the spectral range relevant for single junction photovoltaic applications. It is made of elements abundant in the Earth’s...
Abstract. The results of the effect of irradiation with Ar ions
on the structural, electrophysical and optical characteristics of
the ultraviolet Cr/4H-SiC photodetectors in the spectral range
of 200−400 nm are presented. After a single irradiation with
53MeV Ar ions with a fluence of 1 · 1010 cm−2, the quantum
efficiency of the photodetectors practically remained at the level
of the initial samples due to the "gettering effect“ of simple
radiation defects by cluster formations. The observed effect
promoted a decrease in the number of simple radiation defects
of the vacancy type, an increase in the lifetime of current carriers,
and, as a consequence, unchanged values of the photoconductivity
of Cr/4H-SiC photodetectors. After repeated irradiation of the
photodetectors with Ar ions with a total fluence of 2 · 1010 cm−2,
the decay of clusters was observed, the formation of a significant
number of simple defect centers, which led to a decrease in the
lifetime of current carriers and, as a consequence, to a decrease in
photoconductivity of Cr/4H-SiC photodetectors.
Development of efficient photocatalysts with a wide spectral range for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is a promising way to address the current energy and environmental crises. In particular, utilization...
The article considers the results of studies of the emission spectra of CHF3, CCl2F2, SF6 upon excitation by pulsed laser radiation. We used Nd:YAG laser, λ = 1064 nm, τ = 5 ns, and Epulse = 0.8 J. The spectral range of 3-20 nm was studied. We used capillary and supersonic conical nozzles with dcrit = 145 μm, 2α = 12o, L = 5 mm, and dcrit = 450 μm, 2α = 11o, L = 5 mm to form an atomic cluster beam. The emission spectra for various gas targets were obtained, the obtained spectra were deciphered, and the ions emitting in this spectral range were determined. We observed that with increasing particle concentration in the zone of laser spark, the radiation intensity increases. In this case, the intensity of ion lines with high degrees of ionization increases faster.
An LED sphere radiator (LED-SR) was constructed to improve the accuracy in spectral radiance factor measurements performed with the robot-based gonioreflectometer at PTB. Its properties with respect to the spectral range and coverage, the temporal stability, and the homogeneity of the radiation field are presented. Two types of matte ceramic reflection standards were used for spectral radiance factor validation measurements comparing the standardly used halogen sphere radiator (Halogen-SR) and the LED-SR. Due to its designed spectral range at the border between the visible and the UV-A spectral range, the LED-SR is well suited for many applications in diffuse reflectometry. Its use for absolute radiance factor measurements and investigations of the fluorescence properties of diffuse reflecting samples is shown. Reliable polarization-resolved measurements at wavelengths below 430 nm could be carried out with PTB’s gonioreflectometer for the first time due to the beneficial signal-to-noise ratio of the LED-SR.
A piezoceramic BaTiO3 material that is difficult for 3D printing was tested with a homemade laser-based stereolithography (SLA) setup. The high light absorbance of BaTiO3 in the spectral range of 350–410 nm makes this material hardly usable with most commercial SLA 3D printers. The typical polymerization depth of BaTiO3 ceramic pastes in this spectral range hardly reaches 30–50 µm for 40 vol % powder loading. A spectral change to 465 nm was realized in this work via a robot-based experimental SLA setup to improve the 3D printing efficiency. The ceramic paste was prepared from a preconditioned commercial BaTiO3 powder and used for 3D printing. The paste’s polymerization was investigated with variation of powder fraction (10–55 vol %), speed of a laser beam (1–10 mm/s, at constant laser power), and a hatching spacing (100–1000 µm). The polymerization depths of over 100 µm were routinely reached with the 465 nm SLA for pastes having 55 vol % powder loading. The spectral shift from 350–410 nm spectral region to 465 nm reduced the light absorption by BaTiO3 and remedied the photopolymerization process, emphasizing the importance of comprehensive optical analysis of prospective powders in SLA technology. Two multi-layered objects were 3D-printed to demonstrate the positive effect of the spectral shift.
In this paper, we report on the design, the fabrication, and performance of SWIR photomodules using sensitive two-dimensional arrays based on InGaAs-heterostructures. The de-
sign of suggested InGaAs-heterostructure includes InAlAs wideband barrier layer and high sensitive absorber InGaAs layer which are increasing the uniformity and operability of focal plane array (FPA), so the number of defect elements are less than 0.5 %. The possibilities of spectral range expanding into short-wavelength to 0.5 μm and into long-wavelength to 2.2 μm regions have been considered. The operation principals of active-pulse system for 0.9–1.7 μm spectral range based on InGaAs 320256 FPA with 30 μm pitch have been presented. The investigations showed that the infrared gated-viewing system based on the InGaAs 320256 FPA provided a spatial resolution of 0,6 m.