type ii diabetes mellitus
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 294-296
Shilpa A Pratinidhi ◽  
Yuvraj Badhe ◽  
Chaitanya Bhujbal ◽  
Mohak Tilokchandani

Magnesium is most important and vital element of body. It needs to be supplemented adequately. It plays a vital role in insulin secretion, insulin binding and homeostasis. When Serum Magnesium is adequate, the glycemic control is better and HbA1c values will fall, thus proving that serum magnesium plays a major role in glycemic control. It is now established that diabetes can by itself induce hypomagnesemia and hypomagnesemia can in turn induce onset or worsen diabetes mellitus.: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 48 diagnosed cases of type II diabetes mellitus. This study was planned to study if any correlation exists between the level of Serum Magnesium and HbA1C in diagnosed Type II diabetics.: The correlation between the two parameters was not found to be statistically significant.: Owing to COVID-19 restrictions history regarding the duration of disease, the dietary history of the participants could not be obtained : Serum magnesium does not bear a constant relationship with the diabetic control according to the findings of the current study and detailed studies including multi-parametric analysis along with duration of diabetes is required.

2022 ◽  
Eric Adua ◽  
Ebenezer Afrifa Yamoah ◽  
Emmanuel Peprah-Yamoah ◽  
Enoch Odame Anto ◽  
Emmanuel Acheampong ◽  

Abstract Plasma N-glycan profiles have been shown to be defective in type II diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and holds a promise to discovering biomarkers. The study comprised 232 T2DM patients and 219 healthy individuals. N-glycans were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Principal component analysis (PCA), discriminatory analysis and agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were performed. N-glycan groups (GPs 34, 32, 26, 31, 36 and 30) were significantly expressed in T2DM in component 1 and GPs 38 and 20 were related to T2DM in component 2. Four clusters based on the correlation of the expressive signatures of the 39 N-glycans across T2DM and controls. Cluster A, B, C and D had 16, 16, 4 and 3 N-glycans respectively, of which 11, 8, 1 and 1 were found to express differently between controls and T2DM in a univariate analysis P. Multi-block analysis revealed that trigalactosylated (G3), triantennary (TRIA), high branching (HB) and trisialylated (S3) expressed significantly highly in T2DM than healthy controls. A bipartite relevance network revealed that HB, monogalactosylated (G1) and G3 were central in the network and observed more connections, highlighting their importance in discriminating between T2DM and healthy controls. Investigation of these N-glycans can enhance the understanding of T2DM.

2022 ◽  
Nabil Abdel-Hamid ◽  
MH Sherif ◽  
Moustafa Abdelhamid ◽  
Asmaa Al Samahy

Abstract Purpose Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a possible oncogenic progression during persistent hepatitis C-infection +/- type II diabetes mellitus (DM). To investigate the plasma insulin, erythrocytic aldose reductase (AR) and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) as possible predictive tools for HCC in hepatitis C-infected patients (HCV) +/- DM. Erythrocytes (RBCs) were adopted as a possible vehicle for pre-malignant variations being of short life span. Methods The study included 20 healthy control and 100 patients of 48–64 years old, divided into 5 equal groups as; type II DM, HCC, HCC with DM, DM- HCV infected and non-DM HCV infected. Plasma levels of AFP and insulin were measured. Results It showed an elevated AR, significant reduction of SDH in RBCs and plasma of DM patients. These values were greatly elevated among HCV, HCC, diabetic HCV, and diabetic HCC patients. All DM patients showed elevated insulin levels than normoglycemic controls. Conclusion The study substantiated the use of RBCs as a vehicle for early diagnostic markers better than plasma. We recommend the use of insulin/ erythrocytic AR ratio as a new laboratory marker for predicting HCC among type II diabetics or non-treated HCV-infected patients with control insulin/ erythrocytic AR ratio by each laboratory.

2022 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 03002
Nikolay Nikolaevich Berezhnov ◽  
Marina Gennadievna Kurbanova ◽  
Anastasia Yurievna Kolbina

The article presents substantiation for expanding the market for functional food products, in particular, confectionery - caramel. Proper nutrition is an integral part of a modern person diet; due to their properties, they increase the immunity and immune status of a person. The aim of the work is to create composite mixtures for sugar-free caramel using modern software. The studies were carried out using the MathLab software package, in particular the Statistica 10.0 software. A methodology for creating recipes using system packages has been developed. To enrich the caramel, the following components were selected: apple juice, coltsfoot extract, orange juice, mint and burdock extract, cranberry and lingonberry juices. An optimal recipe has been designed and equations are presented for calculating the dosages of the components of the enriched sugar-free caramel based on a natural sweetener isomalt with the addition of plant-based additives containing macro and micronutrients necessary for the normal functioning of the human body with a diagnosis of type II diabetes mellitus.

2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 161-165
Anjali Yadav ◽  
Usha Singh

Lifestyle diseases are the serious threat among adults. Most of the people in India aresuffering from more than one form of diseases mainly type II diabetes mellitus,hypertension, obesity, constipation etc. To combat this, one of the foremost ways is totake proper food at apparent time in adequate amount. For the study, 40 subjects (21male and 19 female) above 45 years were selected from Pusa block or university campuson the basis of occurrence of lifestyle diseases. Proper schedule was prepared consistingquestionnaire related to their general information, food habits, anthropometric details,physiological and biochemical parameters. Information collected through personal interview.Dietary intake of both the subjects was recorded by using 24 h dietary recall method for 2consecutive days. However, observed value of dietary nutrient (energy, protein, total fat,carbohydrates and sodium) intake were more than the recommended because ofoverconsumption. Therefore, only good nutrition and healthy lifestyle that is properbalanced diet, physical exercise, adequate sleep, reduced stress, well-adjusted biologicalclock, avoidance of fast and processed foods etc. will be followed by people regularlywhich helps to defeat the lifestyle consequences.

Adel Ekladious ◽  

Glycogen hepatopathy is a very rare and forgotten complication of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus. Glycogen hepatopathy may also present in type II diabetes mellitus, especially when managed with high doses of insulin. Although it is a benign condition, it is rarely diagnosed in a timely manner. It is characterised by hepatomegaly causing abdominal pain due to stretch on the liver capsule causing capsulitis, and derangement of liver enzymes. In this article we report a patient who presented with severe abdominal pain, hepatomegaly and transaminitis, the symptoms persisted for one year before the diagnosis of glycogen hepatopathy was made.

Wissam K Kabbara ◽  
Maha-Sarah Fansa ◽  

Purpose: A rare patient case of a diabetic foot osteomyelitis caused by Francisella tularensis is presented. Summary: A 69-year-old Caucasian female was admitted for the treatment of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. Her past medical history included type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, hypothyroidism, hyperuricemia and thyroidectomy. Empiric antimicrobial therapy consisting of clindamycin 600mg i.v. every 8hrs and impanel/cilastatin 200 mg i.v. every 6hrs hours was initiated immediately after admission. During her hospitalization, a pus sample from the infection site was taken for culture which showed a gram negative microorganism: Francisella tularensis. The strain was resistant to all the antibiotics tested with the exception of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, gentamicin, ceftazidime, cefepime, piperacillin/tazobactam and colistin. After culture results, the treatment regimen was changed to piperacillin/tazobactam 4.5g i.v. every 12hrs and ciprofloxacin 400mg i.v. every 12hrs. The patient continued to receive both antibiotics during hospitalization for 9 days with noted clinical improvement. The patient was discharged on piperacillin/tazobactam 4.5g i.v. every 12hrs and oral ciprofloxacin 500mg every 12hrs to complete a total duration of 6 weeks. Conclusion: This is the first reported case of a diabetic foot osteomyelitis caused by Francisella tularensis.

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