Test Design
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
David Coniam ◽  
Polyxeni Poupounaki-Lappa ◽  
Tzortzina Peristeri

Abstract This paper builds on the work presented previously in this journal by Poupounaki-Lappa et al. (2021), which described the development of a communicative test of Reading and Language Use of Classical Greek calibrated to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) at levels A1 and A2 (Council of Europe, 2001). In the current paper, the two tests of Classical Greek are calibrated both together and to the CEFR. In addition to describing the methodology for comparing the two separate tests of Classical Greek, the paper is also designed to be of interest to educators of other classical languages. It is hoped that they may find it useful not only by facilitating robust test design, but also by demonstrating the methods by which tests can be linked together on a common scale (as with the CEFR) or linking tests one to another (e.g., different end-of-year tests, at different points in time).

Sagar Alwadkar ◽  
Deeplata Mendhe

Introduction: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the technique of life-saving procedure in that artificial ventilation uses external chest compressions to maintain circulation flow of the heart and oxygenation during cardiac arrest. Many peoples in the developed and developing countries have taken known education of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training which was launched jointly by Universal Medical Assistance International Center. Objectives: 1. To evaluate the previous knowledge and skill regarding CPR among workers of ST Depot. 2. To evaluate effectiveness and correlation the post-test knowledge and skill score regarding CPR among workers of ST Depot. 3. To identify the association with the post-test skill score regarding CPR among workers of ST Depot. Methodology: In this study, will the effectiveness of simulation teaching regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation the sample will be the 100 ST depot workers. The workers will select according to inclusion and exclusion criteria as well as the Purposive sampling technique. One group pre-test and post-test design. It will be conducted at State Transport Depot. Wardha Maharashtra, India respectively. The data will be collected by using questionnaires and an observational checklist for simulation teaching on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Conclusion:  It is concluded that the effectiveness of simulation teaching on CPR was found to be effective in improving the knowledge and skill of workers of ST depot.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (5) ◽  
pp. 536-556
Sylvani Kumala Ulinnuha ◽  
Muslimin Ibrahim ◽  
Utiyah Azizah

Science literacy is an ability to understand, communicate science through oral or written, apply and analyze the current scientific issues in society.  This study aims to produce a valid, practical, and effective learning tool, and has been carried out using the 4D (Define, Design, Development, and Disseminate) method; however, the Disseminate one wasn’t carried out. The examination was limited in using one group pretest-post test design. The study was conducted within two meetings with 16 who were doing online learning. The data retrieval used a validated instrument. RPP tools with very decent results, LKPD tools (Student Worksheets) with very decent results, and test kits (Pre-test and post-test) with very decent results. As the result, the learning method shows to be very decent, effective, and practical, while the items of the method used are included in the sensitive category ≥0.30.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-8
Muhamad Ihsan Deliansyah Yuliawati

Descriptive Text is a kind of text with a purpose to give information. The context of this kind of text is the description of a particular thing, animal, person, or others, for instance: our pets or a person we know well. Unfortunately, the students feel hard to find out because no strategy or method to read descriptive text so makes the students boring. The objective of this research is to find out whether task-based learning teaching students’ reading comprehension of descriptive text to XI grade students of MA Darul Ihsan Cibungbulang Bogor. The research used a quantitative method with a quasi-experimental design by applying pre-test and post-test design. In this research, the writer only uses one class as the sample by using the purposive sampling technique. In collecting the data, the writer use tests as an instrument. The data was analyzed by using a t-test. The result of this research showed that using task-based learning method effective in teaching reading comprehension of descriptive text. It can be seen from the significance t-test from students’ pre-test and post-test scores that is 2.450>2.056. Based on the statistical calculation, using task-based learning method reached t calculation of 2.450 which was higher than t table of 2.056 at a significance level of 5%. It also stated a significant increase in mean score between students’ pre-test score (51.8) and post-test score (80). The statistical hypothesis revealed that there were differences between both tests. Therefore, using the task-based learning method can be effective for students’ reading comprehension of descriptive text.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 126-138
Apriyanti Apriyanti ◽  
Mayetti Mayetti ◽  
Deswita Deswita

Fatigue is a complaint that many children with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) feel while undergoing chemotherapy and is a multidimensional problem. The condition of fatigue that children continuously feel requires treatment from health workers. To optimize physical exercise interventions, researchers combined physical exercise with Levine theory based on four conservation principles to increase patient activity during treatment. The goal of the study was to provide physical exercise to children with ALL undergoing chemotherapy. The research method is quantitative with Quasy Experimen With Control Group Pre-Test-Post-Test Design. This study sample of ALL children aged 8-13 years who underwent maintenance phase chemotherapy. The sample was taken using consecutive sampling techniques with a total of 22 people. The data collection tool uses the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale questionnaire. The results showed that the average fatigue scale in the pre-test intervention group was 31.18 and post-test 47.64. The pre-test control group was 27.27 and post-test 39.18. The level of fatigue experienced by children decreased (p 0.000) after being given physical exercise walking 5 minutes, six times in 14 days. The involvement of health workers is expected in conducting a comprehensive assessment of fatigue symptoms, and the results of this study can be used as one of the physical exercise interventions in the management of fatigue in children with leukemia.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (3) ◽  
pp. 175
R Endro Sulistyono ◽  
Sri Wahyuningsih ◽  
Nurul Hayati ◽  
Achlish Abdillah ◽  
Syaifuddin Kurnianto

The Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on society in the fields of policy, religion, social, culture, economy, technology and education. This activity aimed to increase the knowledge, attitude and behavior of the community regarding the COVID-19 pandemic through education information technology-based online system. This study was a quasi-experiment with one group pre-test and post-test design. The activity was carried out four months on three groups, namely children, adolescents, and adults. The planned program was about the dangers of Covid-19, increasing reading literacy and knowledge through posters, memes, and videos about Covid-19, overcoming and preventing Covid-19, providing entrepreneurial skills during the Covid-19 pandemic. The implementation method followed a number of steps: identifying potential and analyzing problems in the community, namely by conducting FGDs with related parties, program design, library research to reference material used during service, making program materials and implementing them through online and offline media by visiting the community. The findings showed that that there was an increase in the level of community knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding the COVID-19 pandemics. This study found that the community should be approached in different ways based on their developmental stage relating to their ability to receive information.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (09) ◽  
pp. 804-805
Gunjan Joshi ◽  
Renjith Thomas ◽  
Sheeba Philips ◽  
G. Ramalaxmi ◽  

As a huge portion of our population is taken over by geriatrics i.e., they will be a key factor in the coming age-quake, when the elderly will comprise a large a share of the population, their care becomes an important aspect. Every 15 seconds, an older adult is admitted to the emergency room for a fall. A senior die from falling every 29 minutes, making it the lead cause of injury among the elderly. In addition to this there are few more problems older adults are more prone of which like memory loss, depression/loneliness, cataract and malnutrition. Quantitative research approach and pre-experimental one group pre-test and post-test design will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching program on health promotion strategies regarding selected age-related problems among the caregiver of elderly in selected area Dehradun, Uttarakhand. The sample of 60 caregiver of elderly will be taken by using non-probability purposive sampling technique.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 91-96
Tutik Hidayati
P Value ◽  

Perubahan   fisiologis   akibat   menopause   kadang-kadang   mengganggu aktivitas   dan   gairah   seksual   pada   sejumlah   wanita.Karena   perubahan-perubahan    tersebut mengakibatkan    kegiatan    seksual    menjadikurang menyenangkan. Tahun 2019, jumlah lansia Indonesia diproyeksikan akan meningkat menjadi 27,5 juta atau 10,3%, dan 57,0 juta jiwa atau 17,9% pada tahun 2045 (BPS, Bappenas, UNFPA, 2018). Berdasarkan data Survey Penduduk antar Sensus (Supas) 2015, Jumlah lanjut usia Indonesia sebanyak 21,7 juta atau 8,5%. Penduduk lansia di Jawa Timur pada tahun2017 telah mencapai 12,92 persen yang menandakan bahwa struktur penduduk JawaTimur tergolong penduduk tua. Hasil Studi pendahuluan yang dilakukan kepada ibu usia pra menopause yang berjumlah 10 wanita dari 10 wanita tidak mengetahui perubahan pada masa menopause nanti. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk pengaruh penyuluhan tentang  menopause terhadap kecemasan seks masa menopause pada komunitas muslimatan. Desain penelitian yang digunkan pra experimental tanpa ada kelompok control dengan menggunkan pendekatan one group pretest-post-test design. Pengumpulan data menggunkan kuesioner Hasil uji Wilcoxon tentang pengaruh penyuluhan tentang  menopause terhadap kecemasan seks masa menopause pada komunitas muslimatan. diperoleh nilai p value= 0.002>0,05, maka ha diterima sehingga ada pengaruh penyuluhan tentang  menopause terhadap kecemasan seks masa menopause pada komunitas muslimatan.

Hamideh Iri ◽  
Behnam Makvandi ◽  
Saeed Bakhtiarpour ◽  
Fariba Hafezi

Introduction: Hypochondriasis is a psychological disorder that affects divorced women's quality of life and mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on hypochondria and cognitive emotion regulation among divorced Women in Tehran. Methods: The method was experimental with a pre-test, post-test design, and a control group. In the present study, the research population includes divorced women who have been affected by divorce-related psychological problems and were referred to Tehran consultation centers in 2018. In this study, The sample consisted of 30 divorced women selected by purposive sampling and randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n= 15 each). The research tools included the Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI) and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The ACT intervention was performed on the experimental group for ten 90-minute sessions. Pearson's correlation coefficient, Levene's test, Shapiro-Wilk test, and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) were used to analyze the data. The significance level of the study was considered to be α=0.05. Results: The mean and standard deviation (SD) of hypochondria post-test scores in the experimental and control groups were 35.13±1.92 and 37.33±3.07, respectively. The results indicated that ACT decreased hypochondria in the women (P=0.04). Also, the intervention effectively increased positive emotion regulation in the women (P=0.01). Conclusion: In addition to decreasing anxiety and increasing emotion regulation ability under difficult situations, ACT can increase social and psychological adaptability. Also, ACT can effectively decrease interactive and stress and anxiety in divorced women.

Zaida K. Ulangkaya

The study aimed to determine the impact of Computer Assisted Language Learning Activities to the oral English Proficiency of JEEP 1 students. The students' pre and post mean scores were compared to determine the significant improvement in their oral English proficiency. This research made used of the experimental research design with pre and post-test design with 58 randomly selected students from different year levels who were enrolled at Mindanao State University- Maguindanao and currently taking the subject JEEP 1 of the S.Y. 2014-2015. The instrument used covered four specific areas as Sentence Reading, Reading and Pronunciation, Comprehension and Structure, and Sentence Repetition. The following are the summary of the findings: 1. Before the CALL Activities in JEEP 1, the students’ oral English proficiency is lower elementary as indicated by the mean of 0.60; After engaging to the CALL Activities, the students’ oral English proficiency is still lower elementary as proven by the mean score of 0.79; and After comparing the results, it was found out that there is a substantial transformation in the students' oral English proficiency level before and after Computer Assisted Language Learning Activities in JEEP 1 as indicated by the t-Value of 2.84. Based on the results of the study, it was determined that CALL Activities have contributed slight improvement to the student’s oral English proficiency score. However, the said activities did not improve their oral English proficiency level possibly due to some unknown factors that might have affected them during the duration of the study.

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