suicidal behavior
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 201-205
D. Zholdoshbaev ◽  
S. Koshonova ◽  
M. Nakataev ◽  
Y. Raiymberdiev

Research relevance: socialization includes all the processes of communication with upbringing, education and culture, thanks to which a person gets the opportunity to participate in public life and social character. The whole environment of a person is involved in the process of socialization: family, neighbors, peers in children’s institutions, schools, the media, etc. Research objectives: specialized psychiatric or suicidal methods are medical and psychotherapeutic methods of treatment aimed at treating mental and behavioral disorders that lead to suicidal behavior and preventing the onset and recurrence of suicidal activity. Research materials and methods: psychological forms of prevention of suicidal behavior include the formation of anti-suicidal behavior, changes in personal attitudes, self-esteem, level of motivation, etc. includes targeted psychocorrection programs. Research results: reconstruction of the education system and public education will be successful only if it is the work of the whole society. Conclusions: it is important to focus all social life, social-cultural environment, education and training system on the younger generation.

Kyle T. Ganson ◽  
Rachel F. Rodgers ◽  
Sarah K. Lipson ◽  
Tamara J. Cadet ◽  
Michelle Putnam

2022 ◽  
pp. 003288552110693
Meta Lavrič ◽  
Nuša Zadravec Šedivy ◽  
Vita Poštuvan

As first responders in prisons, correctional officers are more exposed to suicides than the general population. The aim of the study was to explore how they experience the suicidal behavior of inmates and how they cope with potential psychological consequences of these experiences. We conducted interviews with 11 male correctional officers working in 12-h shifts, and analysed the data using a grounded theory approach. Results were conceptualised in The Model of a House, which consists of five parts representing different aspects of the experience. The model provides an overall understanding of how correctional officers experience the suicidal behavior of inmates.

2022 ◽  
pp. 216770262110566
Timothy A. Allen ◽  
Michael N. Hallquist ◽  
Aidan G. C. Wright ◽  
Alexandre Y. Dombrovski

In this longitudinal study, we examined whether personality traits moderate the link between interpersonal dysfunction and suicidal behavior in a high-risk sample of 458 individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. Participants were assessed annually for up to 30 years (mean number of follow-ups = 7.82). Using multilevel structural equation modeling, we examined (a) longitudinal, within-persons relationships among interpersonal dysfunction, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts and (b) moderation of these relationships by negative affectivity and disinhibition. Negative affectivity predicted a stronger within-persons coupling between interpersonal dysfunction and suicidal ideation. Disinhibition predicted a stronger coupling between ideation and suicide attempts. Assessing negative affectivity and disinhibition in a treatment setting may guide clinician vigilance toward people at highest risk for interpersonally triggered suicidal behaviors.

2022 ◽  
Vol 43 ◽  
Émilen Vieira Simões ◽  
Adriane Maria Netto de Oliveira ◽  
Leandro Barbosa de Pinho ◽  
Stella Minasi de Oliveira ◽  
Luciano Garcia Lourenção ◽  

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the relationships of adolescents with suicidal behavior established with social support networks. Method: Qualitative study addressing ten adolescents with suicidal behavior cared for by a psychosocial care center attending children and adolescents located in southern Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were held in July 2020 via WhatsApp during the COVID-19 pandemic, and data were analyzed according to Minayo’s thematic analysis. Results: Two categories emerged: Dynamics of the relationships established in the family support network and Relationships established with the remaining social support network members, which revealed a weak social support network established with friends and at the school context. Final considerations: This study enabled identifying how relationships are established in the social support networks and how these reflected on the adolescents’ development.

Wanrinylla Marbaniang ◽  
Champa Sharma ◽  
Arkierupaia Shadap

Abstract Objective Suicide is a global public health concern. It is the second leading cause of death among 15 to 29 years old. Suicide ideation often emerges in adolescence and is prevalent among this age group. With the help of leaders, teachers as mentors can play an effective role in the prevention of suicide among children and young adults. The present study was performed to assess the effectiveness of school-based teaching programs on knowledge regarding the recognition and management of adolescent's suicidal behavior among school teachers. Materials and Methods A quantitative research approach with a pre-experimental (one group pre-test and post-test) research design was adopted. The study was conducted at Government schools of East Sikkim among 80 secondary school teachers. The samples were assigned through the purposive sampling technique. A pre-designed knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of schoolteachers. A pre-test was conducted during the first week of data collection, which was followed by a school-based teaching program regarding recognition and management of adolescents' suicidal behavior on the second week. A post-test was conducted during the fourth week using the same pre-designed knowledge questionnaire. Data analysis was done using the SPSS version 25 applying descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results The study findings revealed that in pre-test knowledge score, 5% had good knowledge, whereas in post-test, score 50% had good knowledge regarding recognition and management of adolescent's suicidal behavior. The mean score during the pre-test was 12.78 ± 2.87 and the mean score during the post-test was 16.44 ± 2.50. The computed paired “t” value (11.9) was higher than the tabled value (t79 = 1.99; p < 0.05). An association was found between pre-test knowledge score regarding recognition and management of adolescent's suicidal behavior with gender, religion, and years of working experience at p < 0.05 level. Conclusion The study concluded that school-based teaching programs helped secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge regarding adolescents' suicidal behavior. The gain in knowledge from the school-based teaching program will help them recognize and manage adolescents with suicidal behavior and initiate appropriate referrals in the future.

2021 ◽  
Sarah Thomas ◽  
Katrin Veronika Hummel ◽  
Judith Schäfer ◽  
Hans-Ulrich Wittchen ◽  
Sebastian Trautmann

2021 ◽  
Brooke A. Ammerman ◽  
Taylor A. Burke ◽  
Caitlin M. O'Loughlin ◽  
Rebecca Hammond

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is one of the strongest predictors of suicidal behavior. Despite this, the field still has a limited understanding of the mechanisms by which this relationship is conferred. As there has been a proliferation of research in this area over the past decade, an updated systematic review of the empirical research examining potential factors driving the relationship between NSSI and suicide-related outcomes is needed to move the field forward. We identified only 18 studies examining moderators or mediators of the relationship. Research to date does little to improve our understanding of the robust, prospective relationship between NSSI and suicide outcomes, highlighting a foundational gap in both the empirical and theoretical literature. Thus, we propose the Nonsuicidal to Suicidal Self-Injury Pathway Model, an expanded theoretical model of this relationship drawing on extant theory and empirical research, as well as discuss future directions for work in this area.

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