convective mass transfer
Recently Published Documents





2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 6699-6709

In the present study, convective diffusive mass transfer is considered, along with effects of particle drag under the influence of a magnetic field concerning drug delivery in the presence of the catheter. A concentric annular region is created by the presence of a catheter, and the effects of which on mass transfer are considered. A model on the hydrodynamics of the fluid, blood flow, and convective diffusive mass transfer of the species is presented. Here, an attempt is made to analyze a drug delivery method for delivering a drug to a specific site in the body and for this analysis, considered a channel bounded by the tissue region where the drug is targeted. The magnetic field induces pulsatile flow, which affects the mass transfer. The graphs predict that the mass transfer increases from the lumen region to the tissue region. Peclet number and magnetic parameter are the parameters that significantly affect carrying drugs towards the tissue. The results are well agreed with the physical phenomena of the problem as well as many biomedical applications.

2021 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
pp. 241-247
Mohsen Beigi

In the present work, moisture removal characteristics of quince slices in a convective tray dryer were studied. The blanched slices (with thicknesses of 3, 5 and 7 mm) were dried at drying temperatures of 50, 60 and 70 °C and air flow rates of 1, 1.5 and 2 m/s. The analytical model proposed by Dincer and Dost was used to determine the mass transfer parameters. The obtained Biot numbers (0.108‒0.293) revealed that both the internal and external resistance control the moisture diffusion within the samples. The moisture diffusivity and convective mass transfer coefficient were found to be in the ranges of 1.578×10-7‒7.331×10-7 m2/s and 2.040×10-5‒3.507×10-5 m/s, respectively. The activation energies for moisture diffusion and surface mass evaporation were determined to be in the ranges of 17.607 to 48.019 kJ/mol and 5.270 to 27.430 kJ/mol, respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 53-62
Hendri Syah ◽  
Armansyah Halomoan Tambunan ◽  
Edy Hartulistiyoso ◽  
Lamhot Parulian Manalu

The objectives of this study were to determine a suitable thin layer drying model to describe the drying kinetics of Guazuma ulmifolia leaves and determine the mass transfer parameters of Guazuma ulmifolia leaves. The drying of Guazuma ulmifolia leaves was conducted in a laboratory scale dryer with various temperature (40oC, 50oC, and 60oC) and relative humidity (30%, 40%, 50% and 60%). Five drying models, namely, Newton, Henderson and Pabis, Page, Midilli-Kucuk, and Verma et al. were fitted to the drying data. The drying curve of guazuma leaves did not show a constant drying period during the drying period. The models suitability were compared base on coefficient of determination (R2), root square mean errors (RSME), and reduced mean square of deviation (X2). It was found that, among the models evaluated, the Midilli and Kucuk model is the best to describe the drying kinetics of Guazuma ulmifolia leaves. The effective moisture diffusivity was found to be in the range of 10-13 – 10-12 m2/s and the convective mass transfer coefficient was in the range of 10-9 – 10-10 m/s. The activation energy value was found to be 89.21 kJ/mol.

2021 ◽  
pp. 397-415
C. Balaji ◽  
Balaji Srinivasan ◽  
Sateesh Gedupudi

Foods ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 1818
João P. L. Ferreira ◽  
Wilton P. Silva ◽  
Alexandre J. M. Queiroz ◽  
Rossana M. F. Figueirêdo ◽  
Josivanda P. Gomes ◽  

One approach to improve sustainable agro-industrial fruit production is to add value to the waste generated in pulp extraction. The processing of cumbeba (Tacinga inamoena) fruits generates a significant amount of waste, which is discarded without further application but can be a source of bioactive compounds, among other nutrients. Among the simplest and most inexpensive forms of processing, convective drying appears as the first option for the commercial utilization of fruit derivatives, but it is essential to understand the properties of mass transfer for the appropriate choice of drying conditions. In this study, cumbeba waste was dried at four temperatures (50, 60, 70 and 80 °C). Three diffusion models were fitted to the experimental data of the different drying conditions. Two boundary conditions on the sample surface were considered: equilibrium condition and convective condition. The simulations were performed simultaneously with the estimation of effective mass diffusivity coefficients (Def) and convective mass transfer coefficients (h). The validation of the models was verified by the agreement between the theoretical prediction (simulation) and the experimental results. The results showed that, for the best model, the effective mass diffusivities were 2.9285 × 10−9, 4.1695 × 10−9, 8.1395 × 10−9 and 1.2754 × 10−8 m2/s, while the convective mass transfer coefficients were 6.4362 × 10−7, 8.7273 × 10−7, 8.9445 × 10−7 and 1.0912 × 10−6 m/s. The coefficients of determination were greater than 0.995 and the chi-squares were lower than 2.2826 × 10−2 for all simulations of the experiments.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document