drying kinetics
Recently Published Documents





LWT ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 155 ◽  
pp. 112894
Hossein Mirzaei-Baktash ◽  
Nasser Hamdami ◽  
Payam Torabi ◽  
Saideh Fallah-Joshaqani ◽  
Mohsen Dalvi-Isfahan

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 114
Antai Chang ◽  
Xia Zheng ◽  
Hongwei Xiao ◽  
Xuedong Yao ◽  
Decheng Liu ◽  

The main objective of the present work was to study the drying kinetics and obtain the optimum process parameters of cantaloupe slices using short-and medium-wave infrared radiation (SMIR) drying technology. The effect of three independent variables of infrared radiation temperature (55–65 °C), slice thickness (5–9 mm) and radiation distance (80–160 mm) on the L value, color difference (∆E), hardness and vitamin C content were investigated by using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The results showed that the Page model can adequately predict the moisture content between 55 and 65 °C (R2 > 0.99). The effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) varied from 5.26 × 10−10 to 2.09 × 10−9 m2/s and the activation energy (Ea) of the SMIR drying was 31.84 kJ/mol. Infrared radiation temperature and slice thickness exerted extremely significant effects on L value and color difference (ΔE) (p < 0.01), with higher infrared radiation temperature and thin slice thickness leading to a decrease in the L value and an increase in ΔE. Hardness and vitamin C content were significantly affected by infrared radiation temperature, slice thickness and radiation distance, of which the slice thickness was the most distinct factor affecting the hardness value. Higher infrared radiation temperature and larger slice thickness and radiation distance resulted in higher vitamin C degradation. For the given constraints (maximized vitamin C content and L value, minimized ΔE and hardness value), the optimum drying parameters were infrared radiation temperature 58.2 °C, slice thickness 6 mm and radiation distance 90 mm. Under the optimum drying combination conditions, the experimental values were 65.58 (L value), 8.57 (∆E), 10.49 N (hardness) and 106.58 mg/100 g (vitamin C content), respectively. This study is beneficial to the development of the cantaloupe food processing industry and provides more insights for the application of SMIR drying technology to improve the drying rate and product quality of cantaloupe.

Daniela D. de F. Leite ◽  
Alexandre J. de M. Queiroz ◽  
Rossana M. F. de Figueirêdo ◽  
Francislaine S. dos Santos ◽  
Semirames do N. Silva ◽  

ABSTRACT Citron watermelon is an agricultural product of excellent economic potential. Its seeds are widely used for oil extraction, serving as an energy source, showing nutritional characteristics that make them a suitable product to be studied. Thus, the objective was to characterize citron watermelon seeds regarding their physicochemical composition, in addition to determining drying kinetics, fitting mathematical models to the data, and determining the effective diffusivity coefficients and thermodynamic properties. The seeds were dried in a convective dryer, varying the drying temperature, with air velocity of 1.0 m s-1. With the increase in drying temperature, there were reductions in moisture content, water activity (aw), ash concentration, total titratable acidity, lipids and reducing sugar. Citron watermelon seeds are rich in lipids and ash, have low sugar concentration and low acidity; their drying kinetics was very well described by the Two Terms and Approximation of Diffusion models, followed by the models of Midilli and Page, which resulted in acceptable fits. Effective diffusivity accompanied the increase in drying temperature, and this behavior was well fitted by an Arrhenius-type equation. Enthalpy and entropy variations were reduced with drying temperature, with increments in Gibbs free energy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (119) ◽  
pp. 193-204
Mohammad Reza Rouzegar ◽  
Mohammad Hossein Abbaspour-Fard ◽  
Mahdi Hedayatizadeh ◽  
Hamid Mohamadinezhad ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document