academic adjustment
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2021 ◽  
pp. 008124632110591
Bongani V Mtshweni

This study investigated the effects of adjustment and socioeconomic status on the intention by undergraduate students to dropout of university. The sample comprises 955 students from a university in South Africa and a quantitative research approach was used to test the hypotheses. Regression analyses results showed that social adjustment and institutional attachment significantly predicted the intention to dropout, whereas academic adjustment and personal-emotional adjustment could not predict the intention to dropout. In addition, the results showed that socioeconomic status significantly moderated the relationship between academic adjustment and the intention to dropout of university; however, socioeconomic status could not moderate the relationship between institutional attachment and the intention to dropout of university. The results highlight the need for students to be supported in dealing with adjustment challenges during the transition to university. Furthermore, the results encourage universities to consider various academic needs of students from different socioeconomic backgrounds to improve their academic experiences.

2021 ◽  
pp. 003022282110543
Iqra Mushtaque ◽  
Muhammad Rizwan ◽  
Mazhar Abbas ◽  
Azhar Abbas Khan ◽  
Syeda Manal Fatima ◽  

The current study sought to ascertain the impact of inter-parent conflicts on teenage psychological distress, social and academic adjustment and examine the suicide ideation during the COVID-19. The results found to be alarming as 22% of the individuals displayed suicidal tendencies, with 9% having attempted suicide once, 4.6% having tried suicide twice, and 11% stating that they were likely to do so again. Therefore, the media and the government might host awareness programs and counseling initiatives to promote mental health and prevent suicidal behavior. Moreover, parents may be educated on community level, about the effect of inter-parental arguments on the mental health of their children.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaoli Wang ◽  
Lijin Zhang ◽  
Xiujuan Wu ◽  
Min Zhao

There is ample evidence that work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE), respectively, have detrimental and beneficial impacts on the functioning of couples, families, and children. In this study, cross-sectional data from 2,136 dual-earner families in China, including parents and their children (51.2% girls, ages: 11.6–19.3 years), were used together with Actor-Partner Interdependence Model-Structural Equation Modeling (APIM-SEM) to test the hypothesis that work-family spillover can impact academic adjustment in adolescents through parental educational expectations and perceived educational expectations. The results of this analysis suggested that academic adjustment among adolescents is primarily influenced by maternal work-family experiences, such that maternal but not paternal WFC can impact academic adjustment in adolescents through parental educational expectations and perceived educational expectations. Maternal WFE was found to be indirectly associated with the academic adjustment in adolescents as a result of actual and perceived educational expectations. Additionally, we observed a significant effect of maternal WFC on the educational expectations of fathers within couple-relationship dyads. These results underscore the importance of the work-family interface as a factor that shapes the overall family health and associated outcomes, especially the importance of maternal work-family experiences in this context. Interventions that aim to promote more positive maternal work environments are thus likely to yield greater benefits for their children and families. Overall, these data indicate that work-family spillover is a core determinant of adolescent development, which warrants further study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Haiying Wang ◽  
Mingxue Xu ◽  
Xiaochun Xie ◽  
Yuan Dong ◽  
Weichen Wang

Academic adjustment is a principal determining factor of undergraduate students’ academic achievement and success. However, studies pay little attention to freshmen’s antecedent variables of academic adjustment. This study aimed to examine the mechanisms underlying the relationship between achievement goal orientations and academic adjustment in freshmen using variable- and person-centered approaches. A sample of 578 freshmen (aged 18.29±1.04years, 58.5% female) completed questionnaires on achievement goal orientations, learning engagement, and academic adjustment. Latent profile analysis of achievement goal orientations revealed four groups: low-motivation (11.1%), approach-oriented (9.5%), average (52.8%), and multiple (26.6%). In the mediating analysis, results of the variable-centered approach showed that learning engagement mediated the effects of the mastery-approach and performance-avoidance goals on academic adjustment. For the person-centered approach, we selected the average type as the reference profile, and the analysis revealed that compared with the reference profile, learning engagement partially mediated the link between the approach-oriented profile and academic adjustment. The current study highlights the important role that achievement goal orientations and learning engagement play in academic adjustment. We discuss the implications and limitations of the findings.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 107-121
Ulfa Hannani ◽  
Clara Ajisuksmo

Academic adjustment is an important thing for students, especially seventh graders at Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School, one of the modern-based Islamic boarding schools that combines the national education curriculum and the cottage curriculum. In early adolescence, students have begun to develop cognitive strategies and adjust behavior to the academic environment. The ability of students to regulate cognitive and behavior in learning is called self-regulated learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-regulated learning and the academic adjustment amongst seventh grade students of Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School. The research method used in this research was mixed methods. Quantitative data was collected from 160 students through The Motivated Strategies of Learning Questionnaire Scale (MSLQ) to measure self-regulated learning and Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) to measure academic adjustment. While in the qualitative approach, group interviews students were conducted into three group based on the level of the self-regulated learning group and academic adjustment. The result reveals that there was a significant positive relationship between self-regulated learning and the academic adjustment of seventh grade students at Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School (r = 0,561; p < 0,001) indicating that students who had high self-regulated learning also had high academic adjustment at Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School. The group discussion found interesting results where students who have good motivation, cognitive strategies and learning behavior strategies, then adjust themselves to academic demands at Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School is also good.

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