polyphenol content
Recently Published Documents





Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 553
Arpamas Chariyakornkul ◽  
Waristha Juengwiroj ◽  
Jetsada Ruangsuriya ◽  
Rawiwan Wongpoomchai

The indigenous purplish red fruit, Cleistocalyx nervosum var. paniala (CN), is grown in northern Thailand. The aqueous extract of CN pulp is known to exhibit antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. To search for an antioxidant fraction separated from CN, various hydroalcoholic extractions were performed. The acidified ethanolic extract of CN obtained from 0.5% (v/v) citric acid in 80% (v/v) ethanol yielded greater polyphenol content and DPPH radical scavenging activity when compared with other hydroethanolic extracts. Cyanidin-3-glucoside is a major anthocyanin present in the acidified ethanolic extract of CN (AECN). At a dose of 5000 mg/kg bw, an anthocyanin-rich extract was found to be safe when given to rats without any acute toxicity. To examine the hepatoprotective properties of AECN, an overdose of acetaminophen (APAP) was induced in a rat model, while silymarin was used as a standard reference. The administration of AECN at a dose of 300 mg/kg bw for 28 days improved hepatocyte architecture and modulated serum alanine aminotransferase levels in APAP-induced rats. Furthermore, it significantly decreased serum and hepatic malondialdehyde levels but increased hepatic glutathione content, as well as glutathione peroxidase and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activities. In conclusion, AECN may effectively reduce oxidative stress induced acute hepatotoxicity in overdose APAP-treated rats through the suppression of oxidative stress and the enhancement of the antioxidant system in rat livers.

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 125
Sriwiang Rittisak ◽  
Ratchanee Charoen ◽  
Natthaya Choosuk ◽  
Wanticha Savedboworn ◽  
Wiboon Riansa-ngawong

The optimal process conditions when examining the antioxidant potential, total polyphenol content, and attribute liking in roasted rice germ flavored herbal tea were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM). The influence upon the extraction process of time and temperature was assessed using a full factorial design on three levels with two variables (32), involving five central point replicates. Extraction temperature (70 °C, 80 °C, and 90 °C) and extraction time (3 min, 4.5 min, and 6 min) served as independent variables, while the dependent variables were allocated to the regression equation to determine antioxidant activity (R2 = 0.941) along with total polyphenol content (R2 = 0.849), flavor liking score (R2 = 0.758), and overall liking score (R2 = 0.816). Following experimentation, it was determined that the optimal time and temperature conditions to maximize total polyphenol content, antioxidant activity, flavor, and overall liking score were in a range of 86 °C to 90 °C for 3.4 min to 5.9 min. When these conditions were imposed, the antioxidant potential, total polyphenol content, flavor, and overall liking score were >70% for DPPH scavenging activity, >75 mgGAE/g, >6.7 (like moderately), and >6.5 (like moderately), respectively.

Marta Klimek-Szczykutowicz ◽  
Michał Dziurka ◽  
Ivica Blažević ◽  
Azra Đulović ◽  
Anna Apola ◽  

Abstract The study has proved the stimulating effects of different strategies of treatments with elicitors on the production of glucosinolates (GSLs), flavonoids, polyphenols, saccharides, and photosynthetic pigments in watercress (Nasturtium officinale) microshoot cultures. The study also assessed antioxidant and anti-melanin activities. The following elicitors were tested: ethephon (ETH), methyl jasmonate (MeJA), sodium salicylate (NaSA), and yeast extract (YeE) and were added on day 10 of the growth period. Cultures not treated with the elicitor were used as control. The total GSL content estimations and UHPLC-DAD-MS/MS analyses showed that elicitation influenced the qualitative and quantitative profiles of GSLs. MeJA stimulated the production of gluconasturtiin (68.34 mg/100 g dried weight (DW)) and glucobrassicin (65.95 mg/100 g DW). The elicitation also increased flavonoid accumulation (max. 1131.33 mg/100 g DW, for 100 μM NaSA, collection after 24 h). The elicitors did not boost the total polyphenol content. NaSA at 100 μM increased the production of total chlorophyll a and b (5.7 times after 24 h of treatment), and 50 μM NaSA caused a 6.5 times higher production of carotenoids after 8 days of treatment. The antioxidant potential (assessed with the CUPRAC FRAP and DPPH assays) increased most after 24 h of treatment with 100 μM MeJA. The assessment of anti-melanin activities showed that the microshoot extracts were able to cause inhibition of tyrosinase (max. 27.84% for 1250 µg/mL). Key points • Elicitation stimulated of the metabolite production in N. officinale microshoots. • High production of pro-health glucosinolates and polyphenols was obtained. • N. officinale microshoots have got tyrosinase inhibition potential. • The antioxidant potential of N. officinale microshoots was evaluated. Graphical abstract

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 502-513
Quang Minh Vu ◽  
Van Thinh Pham ◽  
Vinh Long Do ◽  
Tran Bach Long ◽  
Nguyen Thi Thu Trang ◽  

The aim of study was to determine optimal formulation and microwave parameter to pasteurize mango juice products to maintain the most nutrients and organoleptic level. Raw material and drinking product were assessed for properties including vitamin C content (mg/100ml), total polyphenol content (mgGAE/100ml) and antioxidant activity (% free radical scavenging ability). Besides, factors influencing the quality of mango juice including material to water ratio (w/w), material to syrup ratio (w/w), citric acid content (w/w), microware power (watt) and microware time (minutes) was examined. As a results, the mango:water dilution ratio as 1:2 (w/w); rate of mango:syrup as 1:2 (w/w); citric acid content as 0.3% (w/w); microwave power as 400 watt and microwave time of 3 minutes were suitable for achieving product with good nutritional and sensory quality. At these conditions, vitamin C content was 8.42 mg/100ml, total polyphenol content was 47.543 mgGAE/100ml, and DPPH free radical activity was 11.191%. The results also justified the role of mango as a new ingredient in beverage industry and suggested using microwave to pasteurize as an appropriate method for manufacturing drinking products from fruit.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (6) ◽  
Elma Febriana ◽  
Tamrin Tamrin ◽  
RH Fitri Faradilla

ABSTRACTPolyphenols are one of the largest categories of phytochemicals and are the most widely distributed among various types of plants and fruits. Polyphenols can also inhibit, prevent, and reduce oxidation by free radicals, which are good for health. Analysis of polyphenol content starts from the sample preparation process which includes the extraction of solid and liquid samples. The types of solvents commonly used for extraction are ethanol, methanol, and acetone. Furthermore, the analysis of polyphenol levels uses the Folin-Ciocalteau analysis method. The results of the review show that ripe bisbul fruit extract (Diospyros blancoi A. DC.) which was extracted using ethanol as a solvent had the highest polyphenol content and yield of several fruit extracts reported in this review. Meanwhile, the extract of green grapes (Vitis vinifera Linn. Var. Chinsiang) which was extracted using ethanol as a solvent had the lowest levels and yields of polyphenols. The highest antioxidant activity was shown by samples of red dragon fruit extract (Hylocereus polyrhizus (f.a.c weber) britton & rose). Meanwhile, the lowest antioxidant activity was shown by samples of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) fruit extract.Keywords: Pholyphenol, Extracts, Solvents, Folin CiocalteauABSTRAKPolifenol adalah salah satu kategori terbesar dari fitokimia yang paling banyak penyebarannya diantara berbagai jenis tanaman dan buah-buahan. Polifenol juga dapat menghambat, mencegah, mengurangi oksidasi oleh radikal bebas sehingga baik untuk kesehatan. Analisis kadar polifenol dimulai dari proses preparasi sampel yang meliputi ekstrasi sampel padat dan ekstraksi sampel cair. Jenis pelarut yang umum digunakan saat pengekstrakan yaitu etanol, metanol, dan aseton. Selanjutnya analisis kadar polifenol menggunakan metode analisis folin ciocalteau. Hasil review menunjukkan Ekstrak buah bisbul matang (Diospyros blancoi A. DC.) yang diekstrak menggunakan pelarut etanol memiliki kadar dan rendemen polifenol yang tertinggi dari beberapa ekstrak buah yang dilaporkan dalam review ini. Sedangkan ekstrak buah anggur hijau (Vitis vinifera Linn. Var. Chinsiang) yang diekstrak menggunakan pelarut etanol memiliki kadar dan rendemen polifenol yang terendah. Aktivitas antioksidan yang tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh sampel ekstrak buah naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus (f.a.c weber) britton & rose) dibandingkan sampel lain dalam review ini. Sedangkan aktivitas antioksidan yang terendah ditunjukkan oleh sampel ekstrak buah Semangka (Citrullus lanatus) dibandingkan sampel lain dalam review ini.Kata kunci: Polifenol, ekstraksi, pelarut, folin ciocalteau

LWT ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 154 ◽  
pp. 112574
Qian Li ◽  
Jing Li ◽  
Mengran Duan ◽  
Lu Liu ◽  
Yinxin Fu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Tamás Hofmann ◽  
Levente Albert ◽  
Balázs Bocz ◽  
Dániel Bocz ◽  
Eszter Visi-Rajczi

Background: Coniferous cones are a by-product of forestry and wood logging, used for many possible purposes, e.g., the extraction of polyphenols. Objective: The aim of the present article was the comparison of the antioxidant polyphenol content of the differently matured cones of 17 selected conifers, either common in Hungary or yet uninvestigated. Methods: Total polyphenol content, ferric reducing antioxidant power and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assays were used to determine the antioxidant contents. A scoring system was implemented using the three assay results to evaluate and compare the overall antioxidant power of the samples. Result and Conclusion: Highest antioxidant contents were found in green cones, followed by mature and opened cones. Taxa with the highest scores were Tsuga canadensis, Cryptomeria japonica, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Thuja orientalis, Metasequoia glyptostroboides and Picea abies. For the samples with the highest overall antioxidant power the high-performance liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric polyphenol profiling was carried out (green cones of T. canadensis and P. abies) and 83 compounds have been tentatively identified and described. Results contribute to the future bioactivity testing and evaluation of the cone extracts of T. canadensis and P. abies.

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 86
Sang Hoon Lee ◽  
Soo Min Baek ◽  
Inhye Jeong ◽  
Wan Heo ◽  
Kyung-A Hwang ◽  

Preserving the quality of freshly cut fruits is essential for food marketing. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-browning effect of rice bran extract (RE) added to a vitamin C mixture (VCM), which is widely used as an anti-browning agent. Freshly cut apples were prepared using the following processes: raw material selection, washing, cutting, soaking, and packaging. A comparison of cut apples soaked with 3% VCM combined with 1% RE (VR) and cut apples treated with 4% VCM showed that the L* and BI values had similar levels. After 12 days of storage, the amount of yeast and mold in cut apples after 4% VCM and VR treatment was 6.15 × 104 ± 0.48 CFU/mL and 4.25 × 103 ± 0.15 CFU/mL, respectively, and the degree of bacterial growth was reduced by VR treatment. On day 12 of storage, the activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) were similar in the 4% VCM and VR groups. The polyphenol content was significantly higher in the VR group (121.0 ± 2.2) than in the 4% VCM group (76.9 ± 2.2). These results indicate that VR treatment for freshly cut apples is a potential alternative to 4% VCM treatment, with an effective anti-browning capacity and improved polyphenol content.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (4) ◽  
pp. 665-678
Hee-Jae Chung ◽  
Ae-Jung Kim

Purpose: This study was conducted to study the superiority of Korean spring herbs by selecting eight spring herbs that are commonly consumed in Korea and evaluating their biological activity.Methods: Antioxidant (total polyphenol content, total flavonoid content, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline–6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity) and enzyme activities (α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity) were measured using the hot-water extract of the selected spring herbs.Results: In case of total polyphenol content, the shepherd’s purse, daylily, and gomchwi took first, second, and third place. In case of total flavonoid content, rape, shepherd’s purse and mugwort took first, second, and third place, and in case of DPPH radical scavenging activity, shepherd’s purse, daylily, and rape took first, second, and third place. In case of ABTS radical scavenging activity, the shepherd’s purse, mugwort and rape took first, second, and third place. In case of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, mugwort, gomchwi, and wild garlic were classified in the first, second, and third place. Lastly, Korean angelica tree, rape, and wild garlic were classified in the first, second, and third, in case of ACE inhibitory activity.Conclusion: From these results, among the selected spring herbs, the shepherd’s purse and rape showed exceptional effects in antioxidant activity, mugwort in antidiabetic activity, and Korean angelica tree sprout in antihypertensive activity, respectively. Therefore, the present study is expected to provide basic data for future development of foods using spring herbs to remedy lifestyle-related diseases.

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2557
Sorin Ciulca ◽  
Gheorghe Roma ◽  
Ersilia Alexa ◽  
Isidora Radulov ◽  
Ileana Cocan ◽  

Fruits of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) are valued mainly for their nutraceutical properties, and are among the fruits with the highest antioxidant activity due to their high content of phenolic compounds. The aim of this research was to assess the total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of fruits in six wild bilberry populations from two regions of Romania over three years. The total polyphenol content was determined according to the Folin–Ciocalteu modified method, while the antioxidant activity was evaluated using the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay. The Padis and Raul Lung populations registered the highest values of polyphenol content and antioxidant activity, as such the fruits of these bilberry populations could be considered potential sources of antioxidants for direct consumption or for use as ingredients for food products or food supplements. Significant variation of total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity was observed both between populations from the same region and from different regions. The low level of broad sense heritability for total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity associated with the high effects of year, and population–year interaction indicates that the accumulation of polyphenols in bilberry fruits is influenced by changes in environmental conditions.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document