Hormonal Changes
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2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (12) ◽  
pp. 3143-3155
Kang DU ◽  
Wen-qing ZHAO ◽  
Zhi-guo ZHOU ◽  
Jing-jing SHAO ◽  
Wei HU ◽  

Ozkan Gungor ◽  
Sena Ulu ◽  
Nuri Baris Hasbal ◽  
Stefan D. Anker ◽  
Kamyar Kalantar‐Zadeh

2021 ◽  
Prathipa R ◽  
Ramadevi R ◽  
Chinnammal V ◽  
Rajalakshmi S ◽  
Poonkuzhali I

Abstract Osteoporosis is a clinical sickness wherein the bones end up brittle and volatile because of tissue loss, which is usually caused by hormonal changes or a calcium or vitamin D deficiency. Osteoporosis has neither clinical signs nor symptoms, until some fracture occur. The aim of our project is to predict bone brittleness in order to detect osteoporosis using Image processing techniques. The objective measurement of bone mineral density (BMD), is presently accepted as the best indicator of osteoporosis fractures. For measuring and assessing biomaterials, thermal wave imaging is a potential , non-invasive, non-contact and safe imaging method.. Thermal wave imaging has the unique ability to measure physiological changes. The thermal images of bone are taken and removal of noise is carried out and undergone stationary wavelets transform process to improve the resolution of edges. The result shows that Artificial Neural Network is capable of predicting the brittleness of the bone using Regression in Machine Learning.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Andrea Gonzalez ◽  
Felipe Simon ◽  
Oscar Achiardi ◽  
Cristian Vilos ◽  
Daniel Cabrera ◽  

Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a combination of obesity and sarcopenia that primarily develops in older people. Patients with SO have high fat mass, low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and low physical function. SO relates to metabolic syndrome and an increased risk of morbimortality. The prevalence of SO varies because of lacking consensus criteria regarding its definition and the methodological difficulty in diagnosing sarcopenia and obesity. SO includes systemic alterations such as insulin resistance, increased proinflammatory cytokines, age-associated hormonal changes, and decreased physical activity at pathophysiological levels. Interestingly, these alterations are influenced by oxidative stress, which is a critical factor in altering muscle function and the generation of metabolic dysfunctions. Thus, oxidative stress in SO alters muscle mass, the signaling pathways that control it, satellite cell functions, and mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum activities. Considering this background, our objectives in this review are to describe SO as a highly prevalent condition and look at the role of oxidative stress in SO pathophysiology.

Romana Prosperi Prosperi Porta ◽  
Chiara Sangiuliano ◽  
Alessandra Cavalli ◽  
Laila Cristine Hirose Marques Hirose Marques Pereira ◽  
Luisa Masciullo ◽  

Endometriosis is a gynecological estrogen-dependent disease whose commonest pain symptoms are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and acyclic chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Hormonal changes occurring during breastfeeding seem to reduce pain and disease recurrence. The aim of this observational prospective study was to assess the effect of breastfeeding on pain and endometriotic lesions in patients with endometriosis and to evaluate a possible correlation between the duration of breastfeeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and pain. Out of 156 pregnant women with endometriosis enrolled, 123 who breastfed were included in the study and were monitored for 2 years after delivery; 96/123 exclusively breastfed for at least 1 month. Mode of delivery, type and duration of breastfeeding, intensity of pain symptoms, and lesion size before pregnancy and during the 24-month follow-up were analyzed. All patients experienced a significant reduction in dysmenorrhea proportional to the duration of breastfeeding. CPP was significantly reduced only in women who exclusively breastfed. No significant improvement in dyspareunia was observed. Ovarian endometriomas were significantly reduced. Therefore, breastfeeding, particularly if exclusive, may cause improvement in dysmenorrhea and CPP proportional to the duration of breastfeeding, as well as a reduction in the size of ovarian endometriomas.

2021 ◽  
Leander Meij ◽  
Matias M. Pulopulos ◽  
Vanesa Hidalgo ◽  
Mercedes Almela ◽  
Marisol Lila ◽  

Sneha Z. Borutkar

Acne vulgaris  is a common chronic disease involving blockage and /or inflammation of pilo sebaceous units.  The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and in extreme cases depression. It is the commonest dilemma associated with complexion and smoothness of skin .sometimes leading to major skin problems, which is characterized by macula, papulo, pustular eruption on the skin, especially on the face.  The role of diet and cigarette smoking in the condition is unclear and neither cleanliness nor exposure to sunlight appears to play a part. In both sexes, hormones called androgens appear to be part of the underlying mechanism, by causing increased production of sebum. In the Ayurvedic perspective Acne vulgaris  can be correlated with Mukhadushika . Mukhadushika is explained by Aacharya Sushruta under kshudra rogas and is considered as swatantra vyadhi in the ayurvedic literature. It is characterized by shalmali kantaka sadrusha pidika on the face. Mukhadushika is also called as Tarunya pitika. Tarunya pitika word itself says that it is pittikopatti in taurnya awastha due to some hormonal changes, up to limit it is normal but in excess, it becomes a reason for depression in a person. In Modern Era, physicians came across so many patients suffering from the disease, mukhadushika .The prevalence of mukhadushika increasing day by day due to their fast lifestyle, consumption of food, constipation,late-night sleep, fast food, cold drinks leads to an imbalance in doshas which in turn affects the body as well as mind.turns affects body as well as mind

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
Maryam Vasheghani Farahani ◽  
Ramin Mashhadi Ismaeeli ◽  
Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah ◽  
Mahdi Isazadeh

Background: The mandibular bone is affected by age, metabolic activity, and hormonal changes. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the sex determination using the mandibular angle in the adult population of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 149 patients (73 men and 76 women) referred to the 600 Army Dental Center in 2016. Graphics were obtained from cephalogram and panorex using a Soredex digital device and Pack software to measure mandibular angles. Results: The mean mandibular angle was 122.19 ± 3.89 in men and 124.72 ± 3.24 in women, with a significant difference based on the independent t test (P < 0.05). Conclusions: It seems that the mandibular angle is higher in women than in men.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Lisna Anisa Fitriana ◽  
Lina Anisa Nasution ◽  
Irma Darmawati ◽  
Elizabeth Ari Setyarini

Mood disorders are a frequent complaint experienced by women during menopause due to hormonal changes. Physical exercise is known to reduce depression, but research on menopausal women is limited. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of physical exercise on depression in menopausal women. The study design used was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test for 16 weeks. The measuring instrument used was a GDS (Geriatric Depression Scale). The research subjects consisted of 34 menopausal women aged 45-65 years. Subjects were divided into two groups, including the physical exercise group (2x90 minutes/week, n=17) and the control group (n=17). The results showed that physical exercise significantly decreased depression (p=0.013) in the physical exercise group compared to the control group. It concludes that regular exercise is effective for preventing and treating mood disorders that occur when menopause.

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