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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Maryam Janatolmakan ◽  
Yousef Torabi ◽  
Shahab Rezaeian ◽  
Bahare Andayeshgar ◽  
Amirabbas Dabiry ◽  
...  

Background. Nursing and midwifery students have relatively high levels of academic burnout. One of the mechanisms to combat this issue is resilience. The results related to the association between academic burnout and resilience indicate a negative association, but various studies have reported different correlation coefficients. Therefore, the current study was aimed to investigate the association between resilience and academic burnout among nursing and midwifery students. Methods. A total of 240 nursing and midwifery students were recruited in this cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling. Data were collected by a demographic information questionnaire, the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS). Data were analyzed by SPSS-16 using t-test, ANOVA, Spearman’s correlation coefficient, and linear regression analysis. Results. The mean scores of academic burnout for nursing and midwifery students were 41.4 ± 14.8 and 41.2 ± 12.3, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant ( p  = 0.368). The mean scores of resilience for nursing and midwifery students were 58.1 ± 13.3 and 52.9 ± 13.9, respectively, which showed a statistically significant difference ( p  = 0.004). Resilience was significantly inversely correlated with academic burnout in nursing and midwifery students (r = −0.04, p  < 0.001; r = −0.39, p  < 0.001). Increased resilience in students decreased academic burnout ( p  < 0.001). Conclusion. Academic burnout was moderate in nursing and midwifery students, but resilience was relatively high. Given the negative correlation between resilience and academic burnout, it is necessary to strengthen resilience skills and reduce factors that cause academic burnout.


Vaccines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (7) ◽  
pp. 794
Author(s):  
Quy Van Khuc ◽  
Trang Nguyen ◽  
Thuy Nguyen ◽  
Linh Pham ◽  
Dang-Trung Le ◽  
...  

The COVID-19 pandemic, a source of fear and anxiety worldwide, has caused many adverse impacts. Collaborative efforts to end COVID-19 have included extensive research on vaccines. Many vaccination campaigns have been launched in many countries, including Vietnam, to create community immunization. However, citizens’ willingness to participate is a prerequisite for effective vaccination programs and other related policies. Among all demographic groups, participation rates among young adults are of interest because they are an important workforce and are a source of high infection risk in the community. In March 2021, a pool of approximately 6000 participants in Ho Chi Minh City were randomly polled using an email-based online survey. The exploratory results of 398 valid observations show that students’ perceptions of the dangers of COVID-19 and the importance of vaccination were both relatively high (4.62/5 and 4.74/5, respectively). Furthermore, 83.41 percent of students polled (n = 332) chose vaccination, while 16.59 percent chose hesitation (n = 64) and not to be vaccinated (n = 2). More importantly, our estimated results of the Bayesian regression model (BRM) show that the perceived importance of the vaccine, concerns about the vaccine’s side effects, and a lack of access to information are the top three reasons for their reluctance and/or refusal to get vaccinated. These findings are a valuable resource for politicians, researchers, and those interested in COVID-19 vaccinations to devise and execute campaigns to effectively combat this terrifying pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-38
Author(s):  
Dea Jespersen ◽  
Slobodanka Dimova

Technology has changed modern L2 written communication in many ways, but how these changes have affected our understanding of the L2 writing construct needs further investigation (Weigle, 2002). Given that the Internet provides access to numerous resources available to L2 writers, the Danish Ministry of Education conducted pilots to modernize the school-leaving exams by including an L2 writing assessment in French with Internet access (DAMVAD, 2013). This study is guided by questions related to (1) differences in students' writing performance with Internet access (IA) and without Internet access (WIA), (2) students' writing behavior when they have IA or WIA, and (3) students' perceptions of the writing assessment with IA. Using a balanced design, two writing tasks in a WIA and an IA version were administered to ninth-grade L2 learners of French (N=32). Scores, window tracker logs, and a student survey were used in the analysis. Results suggested that while students strongly preferred the IA tasks, the task format (IA or WIA) did not affect their scores. The students did not use online resources beyond dictionary and conjugation sites, for either the IA or the WIA task.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Juliana Coelho Lima ◽  
Davi da Silva Motta ◽  
Isadora Garcia F. P. de Andrade ◽  
Albert Ferrari Tavares ◽  
Raquel Juliana de Oliveira Soares

Page Header OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS Journal Help USER Username catapan-anderson Password •••••••• Remember me NOTIFICATIONS View Subscribe LANGUAGE Select Language English JOURNAL CONTENT Search Search Scope All Browse By Issue By Author By Title Other Journals FONT SIZE HOME ABOUT LOGIN REGISTER SEARCH CURRENT ARCHIVES ANNOUNCEMENTS EBOOK PUBLISHER ON LINE CONGRESS Home > Vol 7, No 5 (2021) > Lima SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EM ESTUDANTES DE MEDICINA / BURNOUT SYNDROME IN MEDICAL STUDENT Juliana Coelho Lima, Davi da Silva Motta, Isadora Garcia F. P. de Andrade, Albert Ferrari Tavares, Raquel Juliana de Oliveira Soares ABSTRACT A Síndrome de Burnout (SB) é um tipo de resposta prolongada a estresses emocionais e interpessoais crônicos no trabalho, levando o trabalhador a um esgotamento físico e mental. Embora tenha uma relação direta com o trabalhador, atualmente a SB também é diagnosticada em estudantes. Ela atinge principalmente os profissionais e estudantes que trabalham diretamente com outras pessoas, destacando, assim, os estudantes de medicina, já que eles estão intimamente ligados a outros em uma relação que permeia os âmbitos afetivos e emocionais. Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de medicina de uma Universidade Privada na Cidade do Rio de Janeiro. O estudo foi do tipo exploratório, descritivo, de corte transversal, realizado em uma Universidade Privada situada na Cidade do Rio de Janeiro/RJ. Os participantes do estudo foram estudantes do curso de graduação em medicina. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se um questionário com perguntas para caracterização dos participantes e o MBI-SS “Maslach Burnout Inventory – Student Survey.” Resultados: participaram do estudo 133 estudantes com idade média de 24 anos, 70% do sexo feminino e 93% solteiro, no qual 39 cursam o ciclo básico (29,4%), 75 o ciclo clínico (56,5%) e 18 estavam no internato (13,5%), sendo que 1 (0,8%) pessoa não respondeu esse quesito. Ao serem questionados pela quantidade de disciplinas que cursavam no semestre, 18 alunos (13,6%) cursavam de 1 a 3 disciplinas, 95 (71,4%) 4 a 6 disciplinas e 17 (12,8%) cursavam mais de 7 disciplinas. 3 (2,3%) participantes não responderam. Na avaliação dos resultados do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes, verificamos que na categoria EE 19 alunos (14,29%) se encontravam em nível baixo a médio e 114 (85,71%) se encontravam no nível médio a alto. Já na categoria D, 97 (72,93%) estavam no nível baixo-médio e 36 (27,07%) no médio-alto. Por fim, na categoria EP 13 alunos (9,77) ficaram no nível baixo-médio, enquanto que 120 (90,23%) no nível médio alto. Conclusão: Considerando que a Síndrome de Burnout manifesta-se quando o estudante obtiver altas pontuações em exaustão emocional e descrença, associadas a baixas pontuações em eficácia profissional, conclui-se que neste estudo possuímos 8 alunos com dados compatíveis com a síndrome.


2021 ◽  
pp. 19-36
Author(s):  
Guliz Ozorhon ◽  
◽  
Gulbin Lekesiz ◽  

The Covid-19 outbreak has significantly influenced all disciplines from economics to politics, especially health, and forced every discipline to develop new strategies to adapt to this situation. For this reason, education has been suspended as of mid-March 2020 in our country; after the break, education methods have changed in a mandatory and rapid way and largely switched to distance education. This compulsory transformation has required the creation of new methods and approaches, especially for applied courses. In this context, this article focuses on a remote architectural design studio experience and explores this experience's problems and potential. This research is in the framework of an adapted architectural design studio setup enriched by authors with online environment-specific tools, including components that centralize participatory production (collaborative learning approach) and enable interaction such as workshops and seminars. The studio (201 A) was experienced in the 2020-21 fall semester by remote conducting with 2nd-grade architecture students. In the article, the process is revealed in detail, and the architectural design studio has been discussed extensively with the student survey and the instructors' experiences. As a result, it has been observed that the studio's components, such as interaction, collectivism, multilayeredness, dynamism, making criticism, and juries, can survive in distance education. Although verbal communication difficulties were experienced in the remote studio, visuality/screen sharing supported the communication throughout the process. However, it is obvious that the content, methods, and tools for remote architectural design studio education should be developed with a different and new approach than face-to-face education. In order to develop more effective methods in this scope, research is required to continue, prepare a large number of experience environments supported by these studies and, most importantly, share these experiences.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Meagan Lacy ◽  
Alexandra Hamlett

PurposeIn most higher education institutions, information literacy (IL) instruction is usually considered the purview of librarians, not disciplinary faculty. However, a small but growing body of research indicates that students learn the research process best when these skills are taught in the context of a course or a discipline. For this reason, teaching faculty should share ownership of IL instruction — but how? In this case study, community college librarians explain how they successfully trained faculty to integrate IL into their English Composition courses and teach IL independently.Design/methodology/approachUsing a multimethods approach, the investigators draw on faculty interviews, student surveys, and content analysis of student essays to evaluate the impact of faculty-led IL instruction on student learning after one semester.FindingsFaculty reported that their instruction of IL was improved, and students work better as a result of their collaboration with the librarians. Compared to previous semesters, faculty perceived gains in terms of students’ ability to synthesize and cite evidence in their writing. Student survey results indicate perceived gains in their IL skills, but an assessment of their written work reveals a discrepancy between this perception and the actual application of these skills.Research limitations/implicationsBecause there is no control group, no conclusions can be drawn as to whether faculty-led IL instruction is as effective as librarian-led IL instruction or whether students’ academic performance improves due to faculty teaching IL. However, the purpose of this study is primarily descriptive. It addresses how other libraries may create a culture of shared ownership of IL instruction on their campuses.Practical implicationsThis study offers an alternative model to library instruction and suggests ways instruction librarians can prioritize their outreach and instructional efforts to maximize impact on student learning.Originality/valueWhile much has been written about how librarians can improve IL instruction, few studies mention the role of faculty. This case study starts the conversation.


2021 ◽  
pp. 145-158
Author(s):  
Ashleigh L Barrickman ◽  
Lena Maynor

Background: Capstone courses are well documented in pharmacy programmes, but vary in content, methods, and assessment. Aim: To describe the development and implementation of a capstone course for pharmacy students. Description: Components of the capstone course included clinical reviews, pre-tests, calculations, cases, and formative and summative objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). Formative OSCEs were a unique aspect of this capstone course, and were used to help students identify clinical strengths and recognise areas of weakness prior to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPE). Evaluation: A total of 72 students completed the capstone course in spring 2018. Student survey data indicated that the format of the course was conducive to learning, particularly the use of formative OSCEs. Conclusion: A capstone course was successfully designed and implemented that assessed a variety of pharmacy knowledge and skills prior to APPE. Student feedback and performance in the course provided insight that led to revisions in the pre-APPE curriculum.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jonas Vaag ◽  
Ottar Bjerkeset ◽  
Børge Sivertsen

Purpose: Previous epidemiological studies have shown higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms among professional musicians, compared to the general workforce. Similar findings have been observed for psychotherapy use among musicians. To date, large-scale investigations of prevalence rates among music and arts students are lacking.Methods: Eight hundred and eighty students from music and arts institutions and faculties were derived from a national health student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study). They were compared to a sample of the general student population (n = 48,729). We used logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex, and semesters of study.Results: Music and arts students reported higher rates of anxiety [OR 1.60 (1.38–1.85), Prevalence difference (PD) 9.6 (6.3–12.8)] and depression symptoms [OR 1.41 (1.22–1.62), PD 7.9 (4.5–11.2)] compared to the general student force. Similar patterns were observed for self-reported mental disorders [OR 1.71 (1.46–2.01), PD 8.1 (5.3–11.0)], as well as psychotherapy use [OR 1.91 (1.60–2.29), PD 7.4 (4.9–9.9)] in music and arts students.Conclusions: Our findings are consistent with studies comparing musicians to the general workforce, and indicate that challenges also exist at student level, and not only after becoming a professional in the performing arts, which is important when planning health-related measures. These findings have the potential to inform on health promotion and services in the educational system.


Author(s):  
Ahmad Ghasemloonia ◽  
Meera Singh

Engineering Dynamics has historically been one of the most challenging courses in the engineeringcurriculum. At this institution, Dynamics is taken by approximately 500 students annually and the failure rate has been between 15-20% for the past 10 years. This rate has serious implications on program length and student retention. In the last few years, comprehensive studies have been conducted by the authors aimed at improving these statistics. Plans to focus further on improvingstudent engagement in Dynamics were made critical in Fall 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the consequential requirement that it had to be offered completely online. The primary objective when setting up this online offering of Dynamics was to maximize student engagementwhile leveraging the new possibilities of online education. This paper reflects on the impacts of the details of the course structure on student engagement. In addition to student outcomes, student survey results associated with the impacts of online learning are analyzed. Some challenges are identified that require further focus and evaluation. It is concluded that student outcomes inEngineering Dynamics may benefit post-pandemic by implementing some of the online learning techniques adopted in Fall 2020 in a blended course delivery.


2021 ◽  
Vol 83 (3) ◽  
pp. 192-207
Author(s):  
Леся Миколаївна Конопляник ◽  
Катерина Сергіївна Мельникова ◽  
Юлія Юріївна Пришупа

The paper describes the experience of flipped classroom application in teaching ESP. The study was held at the National Aviation University and involved 46 undergraduate students majoring in “Automation and Computer-Integrated Technologies”. In-class learning was organized according to the university schedule and out-of-class activities were conducted by using Google Classroom and a set of digital learning tools. Our observations during teaching with their further analysis and a designed questionnaire were used to reveal the benefits and drawbacks of the flipped classroom. The analysis of the students’ responses has shown that it allows students to study at their own pace, meet their needs, develop their organizational, communication and time management skills and increase their independence and creativity. The paper specifies three main phases of the flipped classroom and determines what skills are developed at each of them. Remembering and understanding are developed at the first phase and the freed classroom time is devoted to developing the skills of applying and analyzing. The higher-order thinking skills of evaluating and creating can be formed both in the classroom and during the post-class phase. The authors have selected digital learning tools which can be recommended for learning ESP in order to facilitate students’ out-of-class activities. Their use can help to shift the emphasis from the teacher to the student, increase students’ engagement in learning and make the course versatile and appropriate to students’ needs. A student survey was conducted at the end of the academic year, and the analysis of students’ responses revealed that they had a positive attitude to implementing the flipped classroom in teaching ESP. As shown by the results of the study, the use of the flipped classroom for teaching ESP is effective as it saves much in-class time for communicative tasks enhancing the development of higher-order thinking skills, unites in-class and out-of-class learning, controls students’ achievement not only in the classroom but outside it and makes the learning process more engaging.


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