Likert Scale
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2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (28_suppl) ◽  
pp. 141-141
Alexandrina Balanean ◽  
Yolaine Jeune-Smith ◽  
Bruce A. Feinberg ◽  
Ajeet Gajra

141 Background: Oncologists interacting with PCEM may be unaware of RA/IB, yet data show lower-quality care. Helping oncologists recognize this may improve quality of patient-provider interaction, care, and outcomes. We conducted a descriptive study of medical/hematologic oncologists to assess perceptions of RA/IB impact on PCEM interaction. Methods: From February to April 2021, U.S.-based medical/hematologic oncologists participated in an online survey of perceptions on cancer care and outcomes in PCEM (part of broader survey of various clinical and practice-related concerns). Questions used a modified 5-point Likert scale with an option of declining to answer, and respondents were aware data would be anonymized and aggregated. Results: Among 369 physicians surveyed, median years in practice were 17 (range 2-49). Most (72.4%) were in community settings; 64.0% were age 40 to 59 years; 20.6% identified as female, 70.5% male, and 8.7% declined to disclose. Racial distribution was 32.0% White, 33.1% Asian, 7.0% Black, 4.1% Hispanic/Latinx, and 18.7% declined to disclose. When asked the degree of RA/IB White providers had toward PCEM, 39.6% chose low/none, 33.3% moderate, 14.9% high/very high, and 12.2% declined. When asked whether RA/IB among White providers adversely affects PCEM, 37.1% somewhat/strongly agreed, 29.3% somewhat/strongly disagreed, 23.6% neither agreed nor disagreed, and 10.0% declined. Also, 7.9% declined to estimate percent of non-White patients managed. Perceived frequency of scenarios involving RA/IB impacting PCEM interaction at their practices was also assessed (Table). Notably, 12.0% to 14.0% declined to answer regarding their own practices. Although most oncologists (76.4%) perceived RA/IB among White providers toward PCEM, only 37.1% agreed it had adverse effects. Conclusions: Discrepancy in perception of RA/IB among White providers and its effect on PCEM suggests a need to show causality, and declining to respond suggests mistrust/apprehension in expressing true views. Findings suggest oncologists may benefit from improved education and awareness regarding RA/IB in PCEM interaction, treatment, and outcomes. Provider responses (N=369).[Table: see text]

Metamorphosis ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 097262252110337
Shilki Bhatia ◽  
Arshia Arora

Growing competition and the increasing need for adaptability often require organizations to switch and convert themselves according to the demand of circumstances. In this process of reformation, employee performance gets affected by many aspects. Aiming at connecting two broad occupational concepts this article analyses and tests the effect of Job Design and Ergonomics on Employee Performance and the relatedness of Job Design and Ergonomics. The research was conducted in 32 organizations, having managers and supervisors at about 64 categories of designations handling teams of workers in the manufacturing units, of the automotive sector of India. This quantitative study, based on a sample collected through 5 points Likert scale questionnaires, was analysed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), correlation, and multivariate regression analysis. The results manifested that CFA model and regression analysis described a significant impact of Job Design and Ergonomics on Employee Performance. The correlation outcomes revealed that Job Design and Ergonomics were well connected having p-value of .00, p < .005. The findings suggested, while focusing on improving the employee upshot, it becomes necessary for organizations to include Ergonomics in Job Design as a Design for Safety.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 142-148
V. V. Vitomskyi ◽  

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of additional respiratory physical therapy on the level of satisfaction with physical therapy among patients after cardiac surgery. Materials and methods. The study involved 150 patients. The patients were randomly divided into three groups: control (respiratory physical therapy was limited to cough), group of incentive spirometry (in classes with a physical therapist patients performed additional 3 approaches of 10 breaths through the simulator; they received recommendations for hourly performance of a similar number of cycles of exercise), a group of patients who received additional respiratory physical therapy with positive expiratory pressure in the form of exhalation into a bottle of water through a tube (number of repetitions and recommendations are similar to those received by the previous group). All groups underwent the same protocol of mobilization and use of therapeutic physical exercises in the procedure of therapeutic gymnastics. Performing exercises with breathing simulators began on the first postoperative day. Results and discussion. A questionnaire (17 questions) was used to assess the satisfaction with physical therapy. The survey was conducted on the seventh postoperative day. The answers were distributed on a 5-point Likert scale from 1 point to 5 points. The key preoperative indicators and time indicators of surgical interventions of the examined groups did not differ significantly. Analysis of satisfaction with physical therapy revealed a high level in all items of the questionnaire. Statistical differences between the groups were found in only three items of the questionnaire, but they were not related to either the use of equipment or diligence in treatment or the content of physical therapy. The overall score of the questionnaire did not differ in groups according to the Kraskel-Wallis criterion, and Me indicators (25%; 75%) were in the control group – 81 (77; 85) points, in the group of stimulating spirometry – 81 (72; 85) points in the group with positive expiratory pressure – 79 (73; 84) points (χ2 = 4.560; p = 0.102). Conclusion. Additional respiratory physical therapy did not affect the overall satisfaction rate and results of most items of the questionnaire. The differences found in the three items did not indicate any effect of the use of respiratory physical therapy on the level of satisfaction, as higher scores in these items were in the control group. All items in the questionnaire received high scores

2021 ◽  
William Andrew Sterling ◽  
Michael Sobolev ◽  
Anna Van Meter ◽  
Daniel Guinart ◽  
Michael Birnbaum ◽  

BACKGROUND Digital technology has the potential to transform psychiatry, but adoption has been limited. The proliferation of telepsychiatry during COVID increases urgency of optimizing technology for clinical practice. Understanding clinician attitudes and preferences is crucial to effective implementation and patient benefit. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to elicit clinician perspectives on emerging digital technology. METHODS Clinicians in a large psychiatry department (inpatient and outpatient) were invited to complete an online survey about their attitudes towards digital technology in practice, focusing on implementation, clinical benefits, and expectations about patients’ attitudes. The survey consisted of 23 questions that could be answered on either a 3-point or 5-point Likert scale. We report frequencies and percentages of responses. RESULTS 139 clinicians completed the survey. They represented a variety of years-experience, credentials and diagnostic sub-specialties (response rate of 69.5%). Eighty-three percent (n=116) stated that digital data could improve their practice. Twenty-three percent of responders reported that they had viewed patients’ profiles on social media (n=32). Among anticipated benefits, clinicians rated symptom self-tracking (n=101, 72.7%) as well as clinical intervention support (n=90, 64.7%) as most promising. Among anticipated challenges, clinicians mostly expressed concerns over greater time demand (n=123, 88.5%) and whether digital data would be actionable (n=107, 77%). Ninety-five percent (n=132) of clinicians expected their patients to share digital data. CONCLUSIONS Overall, clinicians reported a positive attitude toward the use of digital data to improve patient outcomes but also highlight significant barriers that implementation need to overcome. Although clinicians’ self-reported attitudes about digital technology may not necessarily translate into behavior, results suggest that technologies that reduce clinician burden and are easily interpretable have the greatest likelihood of uptake.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (10) ◽  
pp. 40
Sultan Almelhes

The emergence of the Covid-19 global pandemic was followed by restrictions on social contact and interaction. Online remote learning was implemented all levels of school and universities in Saudi Arabia. In tertiary education, where Arabic is taught as a second language (ASL) with extensive interaction between the teacher and students, remote learning has specific advantages and disadvantages. This study aimed to investigate the success of remote learning, its influence upon learners&rsquo; attitudes, and its potential difficulties in implementation. Quantitative research was conducted on a sample of 236 students who had combined experiences of offline and online study during 2020 in their second semester at the Arabic Language Institute for Non-Native Speakers&rsquo;. An online survey was administered consisting of three domains: students&rsquo; satisfaction with remote learning, obstacles faced, and students&rsquo; perceptions towards evaluation; students&rsquo; responses were measured using a Likert scale. The results demonstrated that there was hesitation about student satisfaction, as the result was moderate in general. Moreover, the study revealed difficulties included internet connection issues, the access and availability of remote learning, insufficiency in personal expression, and difficulties with technological devices. The results also showed that the students were dissatisfied regarding to the evaluation and assessment methods used in remote learning.

Nkemdilim I. Obi ◽  
Phillip T. Bwititi ◽  
Josiah O. Adjene ◽  
Ezekiel U. Nwose

Background: Pollutants are released into the atmosphere by gas flaring, and these cause a range of health problems, including heart disease and respiratory disorders. This article assesses the opinion and perception of the community regarding association between gas flaring and prevalence of diseases. Methodology: This research followed a descriptive quantitative approach. Purposive survey using 2 Likert scale questionnaires was adopted, and the first questionnaire collected data on distance to gas flare site, health status and family health history, amongst others. The second collected data on perception and knowledge-based opinions regarding association and correlation. Summated Likert scale were collated and descriptive and correlation analysis between distance to gas flare site and number of diseases in respondents and their families were done. Results: In this purposive survey, there is no correlation between nearness to gas flare and prevalence of diseases. There appears no difference in communities proximal to flare sites compared to non-host communities farther from site. Multivariate analysis further shows that no statistically significant difference between groups, except in comparison of perceptions. Conclusion: This investigation shows a variation from previous observation in this series i.e. that distance to gas flare site is a potential factor influencing community members’ perception about their health impact, but the surveyed opinion of healthcare workers differs. This implies that nearness to gas flare sites mediate perception of negative health impact and this calls for further research to delineate perception from knowledge-based opinion.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. e297101113459
Eleonora Celli Carioca Arenare

The research records of the last decade bring a systemic look, which involves historicity and triggers strategies with perspectives to solve problems and dilemmas that involve the educational context. The article addresses the difficulties that teachers have in integrating ICT as a motivating tool for the problem of the lack of interest of students in chemistry classes. The observation was made with chemistry teachers from thirteen public schools in the city of Manaus in the Midwest Zone, the State Department of Education of Amazonas - SEDUC. The results obtained through the questionnaires applied were tabulated and analyzed using the Likert scale, demonstrating how insufficient this integration is. The implications of this research address the difficulties that need to be overcome in relation to the computational thinking of chemistry teachers, bringing perspectives on the need for continuing education courses for professionals involved with this science.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 5501-5519
D. Subha ◽  
Sonali Bhattacharya

The concept of Training, Motivation, and Performance are the variables examined under the study to evaluate their effect in the Banking Sector. Productivity is one of the most significant elements that influence the organization's general performance, which compromises with different elements like training, attitude, motivation, and work environment for creativity contribute to the overall success of the employees. The current examination explores the impact of worker proficiency and efficiency of training and motivation. A questionnaire was administered to employees of the banking sector to identify the perceived level of training and motivation that emphasizes the overall performance. The three variables were estimated on a five-point Likert scale choice. Five were the most important (strongly agree), and one being the least important (strongly disagree). The sample of the questionnaire schedule was self-prepared. The study result shows that training and motivation positively impact the effectiveness and efficiency of the employees. Also, the study features the training and development procedure of the financial area that should utilize to proper workers and increment their performance and analyzes the needs of training and motivation in the workplace.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (9) ◽  
pp. 154-164
Tien Dung Khong

This research aims to evaluate the perception and productive efficiency of agricultural cooperatives in Hau Giang province Vietnam. The main contribution of this paper is the comparison between two types of cooperatives including fruit cooperatives (jackfruit, lemon) and rice cooperatives representing new and conventional forms, respectively. The primary data in this research was obtained by directly interviewed 50 cooperatives. Descriptive statistics, t-test, financial indicators, Likert scale, and SWOT matrix were employed to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics and comparative methods were first employed to assess the current state of cooperatives through criteria such as capital resources, age of cooperatives, number of members, age, education level of the cooperative head. Likert scale was then employed to identify perceptions and desires in order to enhance cooperative activities through several suggestions combine with SWOT matrix analysis. The analysis of the current situation identifies that the cooperative is increasing in quantity and quality, creating more job opportunities for its members and diversifying services. However, the weaknesses of cooperatives include organizational capacity, infrastructure conditions, unstable output prices and export markets, and poor competitiveness. The comparison results reveal that fruit cooperatives are more effective than rice cooperatives, but the differences are not statistically significant. The SWOT matrix analysis proposes some innovation strategies for agricultural cooperatives, including focusing on diversifying forms of activities and organizing market linkages with businesses, supporting product output; increase operational capital through capital mobilization, infrastructure investment, market consolidation, and technical development, as well as capacity building of cooperatives through training. Keywords: cooperatives, financial efficiency, linkages, Mekong River Delta.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 85-90
Ikhah Malikhah ◽  
Geby Citra Ananda

The purpose of this study is to analyze the extent to which promotion, transfer and demotion affect employee performance at Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan and to compare the theory that the author has learned with practice in the field. The author examines by collecting various data using library research, structured questionnaires as an instrument to obtain quantitative data with a Likert scale system distributed to 100 respondents. Then the data is processed and analyzed using multiple regression analysis techniques (Multiple Regression) through validity, reliability and classical assumption tests. From the results of the study, it is known that promotion, transfer and demotion simultaneously have a significant effect on employee performance at the Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan. For the variables of promotion issues, transfer issues and demotion issues, there is a partial influence on employee performance, so it is concluded that demotion dominantly affects employee performance in the Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan.

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