tissue regeneration
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 26 ◽  
pp. 101290
Feifei Zhou ◽  
Yuan Yang ◽  
Wenjing Zhang ◽  
Shuyu Liu ◽  
Atik Badshah Shaikh ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 894
Franco Furlani ◽  
Arianna Rossi ◽  
Maria Aurora Grimaudo ◽  
Giada Bassi ◽  
Elena Giusto ◽  

This work describes the development of an injectable nanocomposite system based on a chitosan thermosensitive hydrogel combined with liposomes for regenerative medicine applications. Liposomes with good physicochemical properties are prepared and embedded within the chitosan network. The resulting nanocomposite hydrogel is able to provide a controlled release of the content from liposomes, which are able to interact with cells and be internalized. The cellular uptake is enhanced by the presence of a chitosan coating, and cells incubated with liposomes embedded within thermosensitive hydrogels displayed a higher cell uptake compared to cells incubated with liposomes alone. Furthermore, the gelation temperature of the system resulted to be equal to 32.6 °C; thus, the system can be easily injected in the target site to form a hydrogel at physiological temperature. Given the peculiar performance of the selected systems, the resulting thermosensitive hydrogels are a versatile platform and display potential applications as controlled delivery systems of liposomes for tissue regeneration.

Kirthanashri S. Vasanthan ◽  
Varadharajan Srinivasan ◽  
Vidhi Mathur ◽  
Prachi Agarwal ◽  
Neha Negi ◽  

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 266
Valentina Russo ◽  
Mohammad El Khatib ◽  
Giuseppe Prencipe ◽  
Adrián Cerveró Varona ◽  
Maria Rita Citeroni ◽  

Tendon injuries are at the frontier of innovative approaches to public health concerns and sectoral policy objectives. Indeed, these injuries remain difficult to manage due to tendon’s poor healing ability ascribable to a hypo-cellularity and low vascularity, leading to the formation of a fibrotic tissue affecting its functionality. Tissue engineering represents a promising solution for the regeneration of damaged tendons with the aim to stimulate tissue regeneration or to produce functional implantable biomaterials. However, any technological advancement must take into consideration the role of the immune system in tissue regeneration and the potential of biomaterial scaffolds to control the immune signaling, creating a pro-regenerative environment. In this context, immunoengineering has emerged as a new discipline, developing innovative strategies for tendon injuries. It aims at designing scaffolds, in combination with engineered bioactive molecules and/or stem cells, able to modulate the interaction between the transplanted biomaterial-scaffold and the host tissue allowing a pro-regenerative immune response, therefore hindering fibrosis occurrence at the injury site and guiding tendon regeneration. Thus, this review is aimed at giving an overview on the role exerted from different tissue engineering actors in leading immunoregeneration by crosstalking with stem and immune cells to generate new paradigms in designing regenerative medicine approaches for tendon injuries.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Andrea Henriques-Pons ◽  
Daniela Gois Beghini ◽  
Vanessa dos Santos Silva ◽  
Samuel Iwao Horita ◽  
Fabrício Alves Barbosa da Silva

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells present in virtually all tissues; they have potent self-renewal capacity and differentiate into multiple cell types. For many reasons, these cells are a promising therapeutic alternative to treat patients with severe COVID-19 and pulmonary post-COVID sequelae. These cells are not only essential for tissue regeneration; they can also alter the pulmonary environment through the paracrine secretion of several mediators. They can control or promote inflammation, induce other stem cells differentiation, restrain the virus load, and much more. In this work, we performed single-cell RNA-seq data analysis of MSCs in bronchoalveolar lavage samples from control individuals and COVID-19 patients with mild and severe clinical conditions. When we compared samples from mild cases with control individuals, most genes transcriptionally upregulated in COVID-19 were involved in cell proliferation. However, a new set of genes with distinct biological functions was upregulated when we compared severely affected with mild COVID-19 patients. In this analysis, the cells upregulated genes related to cell dispersion/migration and induced the γ-activated sequence (GAS) genes, probably triggered by IFNGR1 and IFNGR2. Then, IRF-1 was upregulated, one of the GAS target genes, leading to the interferon-stimulated response (ISR) and the overexpression of many signature target genes. The MSCs also upregulated genes involved in the mesenchymal-epithelial transition, virus control, cell chemotaxis, and used the cytoplasmic RNA danger sensors RIG-1, MDA5, and PKR. In a non-comparative analysis, we observed that MSCs from severe cases do not express many NF-κB upstream receptors, such as Toll-like (TLRs) TLR-3, -7, and -8; tumor necrosis factor (TNFR1 or TNFR2), RANK, CD40, and IL-1R1. Indeed, many NF-κB inhibitors were upregulated, including PPP2CB, OPTN, NFKBIA, and FHL2, suggesting that MSCs do not play a role in the “cytokine storm” observed. Therefore, lung MSCs in COVID-19 sense immune danger and act protectively in concert with the pulmonary environment, confirming their therapeutic potential in cell-based therapy for COVID-19. The transcription of MSCs senescence markers is discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Juan Luo ◽  
Peng Li

AbstractHippo pathway is initially identified as a master regulator for cell proliferation and organ size control, and the subsequent researches show this pathway is also involved in development, tissue regeneration and homeostasis, inflammation, immunity and cancer. YAP/TAZ, the downstream effectors of Hippo pathway, usually act as coactivators and are dependent on other transcription factors to mediate their transcriptional outputs. In this review, we will first provide an overview on the core components and regulations of Hippo pathway in mammals, and then systematically summarize the identified transcriptional factors or partners that are responsible for the transcriptional output of YAP/TAZ in stem cell and differentiation. More than that, we will discuss the potential applications and future directions based on these findings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Sumati Sundaram ◽  
Todd Jensen ◽  
Tina Roffidal ◽  
Karissa Paquin ◽  
Heather Wanczyk ◽  

AbstractDiseases of the esophagus, damage of the esophagus due to injury or congenital defects during fetal esophageal development, i.e., esophageal atresia (EA), typically require surgical intervention to restore esophageal continuity. The development of tissue engineered tubular structures would improve the treatment options for these conditions by providing an alternative that is organ sparing and can be manufactured to fit the exact dimensions of the defect. An autologous tissue engineered Cellspan Esophageal ImplantTM (CEI) was surgically implanted into piglets that underwent surgical resection of the esophagus. Multiple survival time points, post-implantation, were analyzed histologically to understand the tissue architecture and time course of the regeneration process. In addition, we investigated CT imaging as an “in-life” monitoring protocol to assess tissue regeneration. We also utilized a clinically relevant animal management paradigm that was essential for long term survival. Following implantation, CT imaging revealed early tissue deposition and the formation of a contiguous tissue conduit. Endoscopic evaluation at multiple time points revealed complete epithelialization of the lumenal surface by day 90. Histologic evaluation at several necropsy time points, post-implantation, determined the time course of tissue regeneration and demonstrated that the tissue continues to remodel over the course of a 1-year survival time period, resulting in the development of esophageal structural features, including the mucosal epithelium, muscularis mucosae, lamina propria, as well as smooth muscle proliferation/migration initiating the formation of a laminated adventitia. Long term survival (1 year) demonstrated restoration of oral nutrition, normal animal growth and the overall safety of this treatment regimen.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 4
Anna M. Tryba ◽  
Małgorzata Krok-Borkowicz ◽  
Michał Kula ◽  
Natalia Piergies ◽  
Mateusz Marzec ◽  

Bone tissue defects resulting from periodontal disease are often treated using guided tissue regeneration (GTR). The barrier membranes utilized here should prevent soft tissue infiltration into the bony defect and simultaneously support bone regeneration. In this study, we designed a degradable poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) membrane that was surface-modified with cell adhesive arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motifs. For a novel method of membrane manufacture, the RGD motifs were coupled with the non-ionic amphiphilic polymer poly(2-oxazoline) (POx). The RGD-containing membranes were then prepared by solvent casting of PLGA, POx coupled with RGD (POx_RGD), and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) solution in methylene chloride (DCM), followed by DCM evaporation and PEG leaching. Successful coupling of RGD to POx was confirmed spectroscopically by Raman, Fourier transform infrared in attenuated reflection mode (FTIR-ATR), and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopy, while successful immobilization of POx_RGD on the membrane surface was confirmed by XPS and FTIR-ATR. The resulting membranes had an asymmetric microstructure, as shown by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), where the glass-cured surface was more porous and had a higher surface area then the air-cured surface. The higher porosity should support bone tissue regeneration, while the air-cured side is more suited to preventing soft tissue infiltration. The behavior of osteoblast-like cells on PLGA membranes modified with POx_RGD was compared to cell behavior on PLGA foil, non-modified PLGA membranes, or PLGA membranes modified only with POx. For this, MG-63 cells were cultured for 4, 24, and 96 h on the membranes and analyzed by metabolic activity tests, live/dead staining, and fluorescent staining of actin fibers. The results showed bone cell adhesion, proliferation, and viability to be the highest on membranes modified with POx_RGD, making them possible candidates for GTR applications in periodontology and in bone tissue engineering.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document