magnetic structures
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Max Birch ◽  
David Cortés-Ortuño ◽  
Kai Litzius ◽  
Sebastian Wintz ◽  
Frank Schulz ◽  

Abstract Research into practical applications of magnetic skyrmions, nanoscale solitons with interesting topological and transport properties [1,2], has traditionally focused on two dimensional (2D) thin-film systems[3,4]. However, the recent observation of novel three dimensional (3D) skyrmion-like structures, such as hopfions [5], skyrmion strings (SkS) [6-9], skyrmion bundles [11] and skyrmion braids [12], motivates the investigation of new designs, aiming to exploit the third spatial dimension for more compact and higher performance spintronic devices in 3D or curvilinear geometries [13-15]. A crucial requirement of such device schemes is the control of the 3D magnetic structures via charge or spin currents, which has yet to be experimentally observed. In this work, we utilise real-space imaging to investigate the dynamics of a 3D SkS within a nanowire of Co8Zn9Mn3 at room temperature. Utilising single, nanoscale current pulses, we demonstrate current-induced nucleation of a single SkS, and a toggle-like positional switching of an individual Bloch point at the end of a SkS. The observations highlight the possibility to locally manipulate 3D topological spin textures, opening up a range of design concepts for future 3D spintronic devices.

Jun Zhao ◽  
Wei Liu ◽  
Aziz Ur Rahman ◽  
Fanying Meng ◽  
Langsheng Ling ◽  

Abstract Non-centrosymmetric NdAlGe is considered to be a candidate for magnetic Weyl semimetal in which the Weyl nodes can be moved by magnetization. Clarification of the magnetic structures and couplings in this system is thus crucial to understand its magnetic topological properties. In this work, we conduct a systematical study of magnetic properties and critical behaviors of single-crystal NdAlGe. Angle-dependent magnetization exhibits strong magnetic anisotropy along the c-axis and absolute isotropy in the ab-plane. The study of critical behavior with H//c gives critical exponents β = 0.236(2), γ = 0.920(1), and δ = 4.966(1) at critical temperature TC = 5.2(2) K. Under the framework of the universality principle, M(T, H) curves are scaled into universality curves using these critical exponents, demonstrating reliability and self-consistency of the obtained exponents. The critical exponents of NdAlGe are close to the theoretical prediction of a tricritical mean-field model, indicating a field-induced tricritical behavior. Based on the scaling analysis, a H −T phase diagram for NdAlGe with H//c is constructed, revealing a ground state with an up-up- down spin configuration. The phase diagram unveils multiple phases including up-up-down domains, up-up-down ordering state, polarized ferromagnetic (PFM), and paramagnetic (PM) phases, with a tricritical point (TCP) located at the intersection [TT CP = 5.27(1) K, HT CP = 30.1(3) kOe] of up-up-down, PFM, and PM phases. The multiple phases and magnetic structures imply a delicate competition and balance between variable interactions and couplings, laying a solid foundation for unveiling topological properties and critical phenomena in this system.

Mahmoud M. Asmar ◽  
Wang-Kong Tse

Abstract We present a theory for the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction mediated by a two-dimensional (2D) electron system subjected to periodic driving. This is demonstrated for a 2D metal with two ferromagnetic chains deposited in parallel. Our calculations reveal new non-analytic features in the time-averaged spin susceptibility. For weak light-matter coupling, the RKKY interaction shows oscillations with a period tunable by the light amplitude and frequency. For stronger light-matter coupling, the interaction becomes non-oscillatory and remains purely ferromagnetic. Our findings open a path forward for realizing dynamic control of the indirect exchange interaction in two-dimensional magnetic structures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Won-Young Choi ◽  
Woosuk Yoo ◽  
Myung-Hwa Jung

AbstractTopological spin textures such as magnetic skyrmions have attracted considerable interest due to their potential application in spintronic devices. However, there still remain several challenges to overcome before their practical application, for instance, achieving high scalability and thermal stability. Recent experiments have proposed a new class of skyrmion materials in the Heusler family, Mn1.4Pt0.9Pd0.1Sn and Mn2Rh0.95Ir0.05Sn, which possess noncollinear magnetic structures. Motivated by these experimental results, we suggest another Heusler compound hosted by Mn3Ga to overcome the above limitations. We fabricate Mn3-xPdxGa thin films, focusing on the magnetic compensation point. In Mn2.3Pd0.7Ga, we find a spin-reorientation transition around TSR = 320 K. Below the TSR, we observe the topological Hall effect and a positive magnetic entropy change, which are the hallmarks of a chiral noncollinear spin texture. By integrating all the data, we determine the magnetic phase diagram, displaying a wide chiral noncollinear spin phase even at room temperature. We believe that this compensated ferrimagnet shows promise for opening a new avenue toward chiral spin-based, high-density, and low-power devices.

2021 ◽  
Vol 922 (2) ◽  
pp. 238
De-Chao Song ◽  
Y. Li ◽  
Y. Su ◽  
M. D. Ding ◽  
W. Q. Gan

Abstract In this paper, we present a detailed morphological, kinematic, and thermal analysis of two homologous magnetic flux ropes (MFRs) from NOAA 11515 on 2012 July 8–9. The study is based on multiwavelength and dual-perspective imaging observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead spacecraft, which can reveal the structure and evolution of the two MFRs. We find that both of the MFRs show up in multiple passbands and their emissions mainly consist of a cold component peaking at a temperature of ∼0.4–0.6 MK and a hot component peaking at ∼7–8 MK. The two MFRs exhibit erupting, expanding, and untwisting motions that manifest distinctive features from two different viewpoints. Their evolution can be divided into two stages—a fast-eruption stage with speeds of about 105–125 km s−1 for MFR-1 and 50–65 km s−1 for MFR-2—and a slow-expansion (or untwisting) stage with speeds of about 10–35 km s−1 for MFR-1 and 10–30 km s−1 for MFR-2 in the plane of the sky. We also find that during the two-stage evolution, the high-temperature features mainly appear in the interface region between MFRs and ambient magnetic structures and also in the center of MFRs, which suggests that some heating processes take place in such places as magnetic reconnection and plasma compression. These observational results indicate that the eruption and untwisting processes of MFRs are coupled with the heating process, among which an energy conversion exists.

2021 ◽  
Vol 923 (2) ◽  
pp. 207
Melania Cubas Armas ◽  
Damian Fabbian

Abstract We compare results of simulations of solar facular-like conditions performed using the numerical codes MURaM and STAGGER. Both simulation sets have a similar setup, including the initial condition of ≈200 G vertical magnetic flux. After interpolating the output physical quantities to constant optical depth, we compare them and test them against inversion results from solar observations. From the snapshots, we compute the monochromatic continuum in the visible and infrared, and the full Stokes vector of the Fe i spectral line pair around 6301–6302 Å. We compare the predicted spectral lines (at the simulation resolution and after smearing to the HINODE SP/SOT resolution) in terms of their main parameters for the Stokes I line profiles, and of their area and amplitude asymmetry for the Stokes V profiles. The codes produce magnetoconvection with similar appearance and distribution in temperature and velocity. The results also closely match the values from recent relevant solar observations. Although the overall distribution of the magnetic field is similar in both radiation-magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) simulation sets, a detailed analysis reveals substantial disagreement in the field orientation, which we attribute to the differing boundary conditions. The resulting differences in the synthetic spectra disappear after spatial smearing to the resolution of the observations. We conclude that the two sets of simulations provide robust models of solar faculae. Nevertheless, we also find differences that call for caution when using results from RMHD simulations to interpret solar observational data.

Weijie Sun ◽  
Ryan M. Dewey ◽  
Sae Aizawa ◽  
Jia Huang ◽  
James A. Slavin ◽  

AbstractThis review paper summarizes the research of Mercury’s magnetosphere in the Post-MESSENGER era and compares its dynamics to those in other planetary magnetospheres, especially to those in Earth’s magnetosphere. This review starts by introducing the planet Mercury, including its interplanetary environment, magnetosphere, exosphere, and conducting core. The frequent and intense magnetic reconnection on the dayside magnetopause, which is represented by the flux transfer event “shower”, is reviewed on how they depend on magnetosheath plasma β and magnetic shear angle across the magnetopause, following by how it contributes to the flux circulation and magnetosphere-surface-exosphere coupling. In the next, Mercury’s magnetosphere under extreme solar events, including the core induction and the reconnection erosion on the dayside magnetosphere, the responses of the nightside magnetosphere, are reviewed. Then, the dawn-dusk properties of the plasma sheet, including the features of the ions, the structure of the current sheet, and the dynamics of magnetic reconnection, are summarized. The last topic is devoted to the particle energization in Mercury’s magnetosphere, which includes the energization of the Kelvin-Helmholtz waves on the magnetopause boundaries, reconnection-generated magnetic structures, and the cross-tail electric field. In each chapter, the last section discusses the open questions related to each topic, which can be considered by the simulations and the future spacecraft mission. We end this paper by summarizing the future BepiColombo opportunities, which is a joint mission of ESA and JAXA and is en route to Mercury.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document