numerical experiments
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Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 258
Ge Ma ◽  
Ziwei Yan ◽  
Zhifu Li ◽  
Zhijia Zhao

Total variation (TV) regularization has received much attention in image restoration applications because of its advantages in denoising and preserving details. A common approach to address TV-based image restoration is to design a specific algorithm for solving typical cost function, which consists of conventional ℓ2 fidelity term and TV regularization. In this work, a novel objective function and an efficient algorithm are proposed. Firstly, a pseudoinverse transform-based fidelity term is imposed on TV regularization, and a closely-related optimization problem is established. Then, the split Bregman framework is used to decouple the complex inverse problem into subproblems to reduce computational complexity. Finally, numerical experiments show that the proposed method can obtain satisfactory restoration results with fewer iterations. Combined with the restoration effect and efficiency, this method is superior to the competitive algorithm. Significantly, the proposed method has the advantage of a simple solving structure, which can be easily extended to other image processing applications.

2022 ◽  
Alexander Shapiro ◽  
Yi Cheng

A construction of the dual of a periodical formulation of infinite-horizon linear stochastic programs with a discount factor is discussed. The dual problem is used for computing a deterministic upper bound for the optimal value of the considered multistage stochastic program. Numerical experiments demonstrate behavior of that upper bound, especially when the discount factor is close to one.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 (1) ◽  
Feyza Tanberk Okumuş ◽  
Mahmut Akyiğit ◽  
Khursheed J. Ansari ◽  
Fuat Usta

Abstractthat fix the function $e^{-2x} $ e − 2 x for $x\geq 0 $ x ≥ 0 . Then, we provide the approximation properties of these newly defined operators for different types of function spaces. In addition, we focus on the rate of convergence utilizing appropriate moduli of continuity. Then, we provide the Voronovskaya-type theorem for these new operators. Finally, in order to validate our theoretical results, we provide some numerical experiments that are produced by a MATLAB complier.

Axel Målqvist ◽  
Barbara Verfürth

In this paper, we propose an offline-online strategy based on the Localized Orthogonal Decomposition (LOD) method for elliptic multiscale problems with randomly perturbed diffusion coefficient. We consider a periodic deterministic coefficient with local defects that occur with probability $p$. The offline phase pre-computes entries to global LOD stiffness matrices on a single reference element (exploiting the periodicity) for a selection of defect configurations. Given a sample of the perturbed diffusion the corresponding LOD stiffness matrix is then computed by taking linear combinations of the pre-computed entries, in the online phase. Our computable error estimates show that this yields a good approximation of the solution for small $p$, which is illustrated by extensive numerical experiments.  This makes the proposed technique attractive already for moderate sample sizes in a Monte Carlo simulation.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 123
Vasile Berinde

For approximating the fixed points of enriched nonexpansive mappings in Hilbert spaces, we consider a modified Krasnosel’skiǐ–Mann algorithm for which we prove a strong convergence theorem. We also empirically compare the rate of convergence of the modified Krasnosel’skiǐ–Mann algorithm and of the simple Krasnosel’skiǐ fixed point algorithm. Based on the numerical experiments reported in the paper we conclude that, for the class of enriched nonexpansive mappings, it is more convenient to work with the simple Krasnosel’skiǐ fixed point algorithm than with the modified Krasnosel’skiǐ–Mann algorithm.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 4
Dominic P. Clemence-Mkhope ◽  
Gregory A. Gibson

Four discrete models, using the exact spectral derivative discretization finite difference (ESDDFD) method, are proposed for a chaotic five-dimensional, conformable fractional derivative financial system incorporating ethics and market confidence. Since the system considered was recently studied using the conformable Euler finite difference (CEFD) method and found to be hyperchaotic, and the CEFD method was recently shown to be valid only at fractional index , the source of the hyperchaos is in question. Through numerical experiments, illustration is presented that the hyperchaos previously detected is, in part, an artifact of the CEFD method, as it is absent from the ESDDFD models.

Katerina Papagiannouli

AbstractWe suppose that a Lévy process is observed at discrete time points. Starting from an asymptotically minimax family of estimators for the continuous part of the Lévy Khinchine characteristics, i.e., the covariance, we derive a data-driven parameter choice for the frequency of estimating the covariance. We investigate a Lepskiĭ-type stopping rule for the adaptive procedure. Consequently, we use a balancing principle for the best possible data-driven parameter. The adaptive estimator achieves almost the optimal rate. Numerical experiments with the proposed selection rule are also presented.

AppliedMath ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-38
Theodore P. Hill

This article introduces a new stochastic non-isotropic frictional abrasion model, in the form of a single short partial integro-differential equation, to show how frictional abrasion alone of a stone on a planar beach might lead to the oval shapes observed empirically. The underlying idea in this theory is the intuitive observation that the rate of ablation at a point on the surface of the stone is proportional to the product of the curvature of the stone at that point and the likelihood the stone is in contact with the beach at that point. Specifically, key roles in this new model are played by both the random wave process and the global (non-local) shape of the stone, i.e., its shape away from the point of contact with the beach. The underlying physical mechanism for this process is the conversion of energy from the wave process into the potential energy of the stone. No closed-form or even asymptotic solution is known for the basic equation, which is both non-linear and non-local. On the other hand, preliminary numerical experiments are presented in both the deterministic continuous-time setting using standard curve-shortening algorithms and a stochastic discrete-time polyhedral-slicing setting using Monte Carlo simulation.

Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 185
Angelamaria Cardone ◽  
Dajana Conte ◽  
Raffaele D’Ambrosio ◽  
Beatrice Paternoster

The present paper illustrates some classes of multivalue methods for the numerical solution of ordinary and fractional differential equations. In particular, it focuses on two-step and mixed collocation methods, Nordsieck GLM collocation methods for ordinary differential equations, and on two-step spline collocation methods for fractional differential equations. The construction of the methods together with the convergence and stability analysis are reported and some numerical experiments are carried out to show the efficiency of the proposed methods.

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