Breast Milk
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2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 113-118
Author(s):  
Rismahara Lubis ◽  
Yusniar Siregar

Breast milk is the only perfect and best food for babies, because it contains the nutritional elements needed by babies for infant growth and development in order to achieve optimal baby growth and development. The reality in the field is that there are still many mothers who experience obstacles/constraints to exclusively breastfeed their babies for 6 full months, even though breastfeeding is a natural condition. One solution that can help overcome barriers to exclusive breastfeeding is hypnobreastfeeding. The purpose of this community service is to increase mother's knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding and mother's confidence to be able to meet the adequacy of breastfeeding through Hypnobreastfeeding techniques in infants as an effort to increase milk production and expenditure The methods used in this Community Service activity are lectures, questions and answers, demonstrations and practices carried out by the instructor and assignments carried out by postpartum mothers who gave birth at the Independent Practice Midwife Risma as many as 15 people. The implementation of Hypnobreastfeeding activities is carried out routinely every day 5 (five) times a week by listening to Hypnobreastfeeding audio recordings for ± 30 minutes, carried out independently by the participants. The results obtained provided enormous benefits for the participants, including they felt that the baby was not fussy, slept soundly, urinated more than 6 times a day and the baby's weight increased. From this activity, it can be concluded that through counseling activities, demonstrations of correct breastfeeding methods/techniques and Hypnobreastfeeding, it can increase knowledge, skills and increase production of breast milk production and fulfill breast milk adequacy in mothers who breastfeed babies aged 3 months at the Independent Practice of Midwife Risma.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (6) ◽  
pp. 1293-1297
Author(s):  
Sumarni Sikki ◽  
Rismawati Simbung

ABSTRAK Dalam rangka menurunkan angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi, UNICEF dan WHO merekomendasikan sebaiknya bayi hanya disusui air susu ibu (ASI) selama paling sedikit 6 bulan, dan pemberian ASI dilanjutkan sampai bayi berumur dua tahun (WHO, 2018). Dewasa ini fenomena yang terjadi pada ibu melahirkan anak pertama mengalami masalah menyusui dengan ketidaklancaran keluarnya ASI. Selain itu ibu sering mengeluhkan bayinya sering menangis atau menolak menyusu, Puting lecet sehingga tidak memberikan ASI. Sehingga sering menyebabkan diambilnya keputusan untuk menghentikan menyusui. (Maliha, dkk, 2016).  Tujuan pengabdian Masyarakat ini untuk memberikan informasi tentang pentinya pemberian ASI Eksklusif. Metode Pengabdian masyarakat ini yaitu dilakukan pre-test dan post- test pada 50 orang responden. Hasil olahan data menggunakan uji Paired Samples Test diperoleh ada peningkatan pengetahuan dari rata-rata nilai quisioner pre-test diperoleh nilai  jawaban yang benar 58,88 setelah penyuluhan berubah menjadi 76,40 dengan nilai ρ = 0.000 yang berarti terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan tentang pemberian ASI Ekslusif. Kata Kunci: Penyuluhan, ASI, Eksklusif, ABSTRACTIn order to decrease the morbidity and mortality in infants, UNICEF and WHO recommend should babies only breastfed water milk mothers (ASI) for the bit 6 months, and the provision of breastfeeding be continued until the baby is aged two years (WHO, 2018). Adults have phenomena that occur in mothers giving a birth child who first experience trouble breastfeeding with the unnormal release of ASI. In addition, mothers often complain that their babies often cry or refuse to breastfeed, and the nipples are blistered so they don’t give breast milk. Thus often causing taken the decision to stop breastfeeding (Maliha, et al, 2016). Community service goals to provide information about the importance of exclusive service goals to provide information about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding. Method devotion society is tested by pre-test and post-test at the 50 respondents. The processed using test paired samples test gained no increase in the knowledge of the average value quaternary pre-test obtained value of answer that is correct 58.88 after the counseling changed into 76.40 with the value ρ = 0.000 which means that the case increases knowledge about the provision of breastfeeding exclusively.     Key Word: Counseling, Breast Milk, Exclusive


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (6) ◽  
pp. 1428-1433
Author(s):  
Ike Pudji Wahyuningsih ◽  
Febi Ratna Sari ◽  
Iis Kuraesin ◽  
Kristina Natalya Rewo ◽  
Nida Laila ◽  
...  

ABSTRAK Perawatan metode kanguru adalah perawatan untuk bayi berat lahir rendah dengan melakukan kontak langsung antara kulit bayi dengan kulit ibu. Perawatan metode kangguru adalah cara yang sederhana untuk merawat bayi baru lahir dimana ibu menggunakan suhu tubuhnya untuk menghangatkan bayi. Manfaat Perawatan Metode Kanguru : menghangatkan bayi dan menstabilkan tanda vital bayi karena berat badan bayi premature cenderung rendah, jaringan lemak di dalam tubuhnya juga cenderung lebih tipis. Meningkatkan durasi tidur mekanisme yang terjadi pada saat kontak kulit dengan kulit ibu dan bayi dapat meningkatkan hormone kortisol pada bayi yang berdampak pada kualitas tidur bayi meningkat. Mengurangi tangisan dan kalori yang terbuang dari bayi. Meningkatkan berat badan bayi dan perkembangan otak bayi premature cenderung memiliki berat badan lahir rendah dan terkadang sulit mencapai berat badan ideal. Metode ini dapat membuat tidur bayi lebih nyenyak, sehingga energinya bisa tersalurkan untuk memperbaiki fungsi tubuh dan membangun jaringan tubuh dengan lebih baik. Dengan demikian berat badannya pun bisa naik lebih cepat. Meningkatkan hubungan emosional bayi dan ibu KMC meningkatkan bounding ibu dan bayi serta merupakan intervensi terapeutik untuk meningkatkan kedekatan ibu, mempromosi perilaku alami untuk stimulasi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan. Mempemudah pemberian ASI posisi metode kanguru memudahkan bayi dapat menyusu pada ibunya sekaligus memicu ASI agar lebih mudah keluar. Beberapa riset menunjukan bahwa metode ini juga baik untuk mengatasi masalah ASI kurang. Ibu dan keluarga merasa lebih puas karena berperan dalam perawatan bayi selama di RS dan di rumah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui bagaimana gambaran pengetahuan masyarakat tentang perawatan metode kanguru pada bayi berat badan lahir rendah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode presentasi ppowerpoint dan video. Hasil dari presentasi dan demonstrasi yang dilakukan adalah  sebanyak 20.8% pengetahuan masyarakat meningkat setelah pemaparan materi. Kata kunci: BBLR, Perawatan Metode Kanguru  ABSTRACT Kangaroo method care is a treatment for low birth weight babies by making direct contact between the baby's skin and the mother's skin. Kangaroo care is a simple way of caring for a newborn in which the mother uses her body temperature to warm the baby. Benefits of Kangaroo Treatment Method: warms the baby and stabilizes the baby's vital signs because premature babies tend to be low in weight, fat tissue in their bodies also tends to be thinner. Increasing the duration of sleep, the mechanism that occurs during skin contact with the skin of the mother and baby can increase the hormone cortisol in the baby which has an impact on the quality of the baby's sleep. Reduces crying and wasted calories from babies. Increasing baby weight and brain development Premature babies tend to have low birth weight and sometimes find it difficult to reach the ideal weight. This method can make the baby sleep more soundly, so that the energy can be channeled to improve body functions and build body tissues better. This way, you can gain weight more quickly. Improving the emotional connection of the baby and the mother KMC increases the bonding between the mother and the baby and is a therapeutic intervention to increase the closeness of the mother, promoting natural behavior to stimulate growth and development. Facilitate breastfeeding The position of the kangaroo method makes it easier for babies to suckle from their mothers while triggering breast milk to come out more easily. Some research shows that this method is also good for dealing with the problem of insufficient breast milk. Mothers and families feel more satisfied because they play a role in caring for the baby while in the hospital and at home. The purpose of this study was to find out how the description of public knowledge about kangaroo care methods in low birth weight infants. This research uses PowerPoint and video presentation methods. The results of the presentations and demonstrations carried out were as much as 20.8% of public knowledge increased after the presentation of the material. Keywords: LBW, Kangaroo Method Care


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
pp. 397
Author(s):  
Billah Rizqa ◽  
Chatarina Umbul W

ABSTRACTAccording to UNICEF, in 2013 there were 136,700,000 live births, but only about 32.6% of these babies received breast milk exclusively. In developing countries, only about 39% of mothers breastfeed exclusively. Indonesia has targetted for 80% exclusive breastfeeding. However, it has not been achieved. A large number of women in the workforce and the unavailability of breastfeeding facilities are among the factors influencing the low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia. In addition, maternal knowledge is also a contributing factor for exclusive breastfeeding practices This study aims to analyze the relationship between the availability of lactation facilities and maternal knowledge with exclusive breastfeeding. The execution of this research was conducted quantitatively with the descriptive research type. The design of this study is case-control. The study’s population were female factory workers who had babies in Sidoarjo District. The sample size is 42 case samples and 42 control samples. The research sample was taken using a simple random sampling technique. The data was retrieved through survey methods with questionnaires. The results of the study show that there is no relationship between knowledge and exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.200) and there is a relationship between the availability of lactation facilities and exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.049). Mothers who work in factories with lactation facilities have a 2.667 times greater opportunity to give exclusive breastfeeding to their babies than mothers without access to lactation facilities (OR = 2.667). The researchers suggest factories to provide lactation facilities and visitation activities by the local health office.Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, Lactation facilities, Mother's knowledge


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 139-153
Author(s):  
Marni Siregar ◽  
Hetty W.A. Panggabean

Introduction: Articles 6 and 7 of Government Regulation No. 33 of 2012 on Exclusive Breastfeeding stated that every mother who gives birth must give exclusive breast milk to the newborn, unless there is a medical indication, the mother is not present or the mother is separated from the baby. The purpose of this study was to determine the legal protection for health workers towards the implementation of government regulation concerning exclusive breastfeeding on infants with Post Sectio Caesarea mothers. Methods: This research method is empirical juridical research (field research).  The author uses a statutory approach in accordance with the studied legal materials, analyzed qualitatively. The sample in this study is all 2 ObsGyn, 2 pediatrician, 9 midwives, 1 breast milk counselor, 60 post SC mothers and 60 newborns at RSUD Tarutung, RSUD Porsea, and RSUD Doloksanggul when researchers conducted research. Results: Exclusive Breastfeeding is a government program and has been outlined in Government Regulation No. 33 of 2014 on Exclusive Breastfeeding. The government is actually aggressively promoting exclusive breastfeeding through seminars, workshops and advertisements in print, electronic and social media. But this does not make exclusive breastfeeding successful as expected. The number of obstacles both external factors and internal factors of the mother. Especially on the mother of the Post Sectio Caesarea. Conclusion: Implementation of Government Regulation No.33 of 2012 on Exclusive Breastfeeding of Post Sectio Caesarea Mothers in hospitals has still not been realized.


Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 4307
Author(s):  
Katherine Marie Ottolini ◽  
Elizabeth Vinson Schulz ◽  
Catherine Limperopoulos ◽  
Nickie Andescavage

Premature infants are born prior to a critical window of rapid placental nutrient transfer and fetal growth—particularly brain development—that occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy. Subsequently, a large proportion of preterm neonates experience extrauterine growth failure and associated neurodevelopmental impairments. Human milk (maternal or donor breast milk) is the recommended source of enteral nutrition for preterm infants, but requires additional fortification of macronutrient, micronutrient, and energy content to meet the nutritional demands of the preterm infant in attempts at replicating in utero nutrient accretion and growth rates. Traditional standardized fortification practices that add a fixed amount of multicomponent fortifier based on assumed breast milk composition do not take into account the considerable variations in breast milk content or individual neonatal metabolism. Emerging methods of individualized fortification—including targeted and adjusted fortification—show promise in improving postnatal growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.


2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Author(s):  
Patricia Bimboese ◽  
Seilesh Kadambari ◽  
Sepehr N. Tabrizi ◽  
Suzanne M. Garland ◽  
Ad Eundem ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (Khusus) ◽  
pp. 31
Author(s):  
Husnul Muthoharoh

The first and main nutrient intake of breastfed infants is urgently needed for the process of growth and development. The purpose of this is to find out the influence of exclusive breast milk and formula on the baby's weight in Posyandu Jatipayak Village Modo-Lamongan. This study uses an observational design of case-control analytic approach that aims to distinguish weight infants at age 1-6 months of exclusive breastfeeding and infant formula. The research instrument was used in the form of interviews and observations with a population of all infants aged 1 – 6 months who qualify for inclusion criteria who were 30 toddlers and using a simple random sampling technique. Results of research that babies who are breastfed exclusively have the majority of normal weight increase of 60%, whereas infants who received formula milk most have an abnormal weight gain of 86.67%. Based on the results of Chi-Square X² = 5.167> 3.841. This study rejects the Ho that proves that there are differences in body weight in infants aged 1-6 months of exclusive breastfeeding and infant formula. The result of this research is expected mothers to provide breast milk as the best food for babies up to age 6 months.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Lihong Wang ◽  
Hui Liu ◽  
Ye Duan ◽  
Qingyu Cheng ◽  
Suhua Feng

This paper aimed to analyze the analgesic effects of continuous epidural labor analgesia (ELA) at different periods and its effects on postpartum depression, maternal and infant outcomes, and maternal blood pressure. Giving birth in our hospital from September 2017 to August 2019, 119 primiparas with spontaneous delivery were enrolled and divided into an observation group (65 cases) and a control group (54 cases). Patients in the observation group received epidural block analgesia in advance, whereas those in the control group received epidural block analgesia routinely. At 25 days after delivery, breast milk samples were collected, in which miRNA-146b level was detected by PCR. The patients were compared between the two groups with respect to progress of labor, analgesic effects during 3 stages of labor, labor outcomes, adverse reactions, and levels of NO, ANP, and ET-1 in the parturients’ umbilical artery blood. Compared with those in the control group, patients in the observation group had a remarkably higher miRNA-146b level in the breast milk ( P < 0.05 ), remarkably lower average Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores during the active phase and the second stage of labor ( P < 0.05 ), and remarkably higher levels of NO, ANP, and ET-1 ( P < 0.05 ). There were no statistically significant differences in adverse reactions and modes of delivery between the two groups ( P < 0.05 ). ELA starting from the latent phase can improve the miRNA-146b level in maternal breast milk, alleviate labor pain of parturients, and shorten stages of labor. Therefore, our study is worthy of clinical promotion. We still need to do more experiments and use more data to conclude more scientific results in future research work.


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