single wall carbon
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Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 260
Costas Tsioptsias ◽  
Konstantinos Leontiadis ◽  
Stavros Messaritakis ◽  
Aikaterini Terzaki ◽  
Panagiotis Xidas ◽  

Isotactic polypropylene (PP) composite drawn fibers were prepared using melt extrusion and high-temperature solid-state drawing at a draw ratio of 7. Five different fillers were used as reinforcement agents (microtalc, ultrafine talc, wollastonite, attapulgite and single-wall carbon nanotubes). In all the prepared samples, antioxidant was added, while all samples were prepared with and without using PP grafted with maleic anhydride as compatibilizer. Material characterization was performed by tensile tests, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Attapulgite composite fibers exhibited poor results in terms of tensile strength and thermal stability. The use of ultrafine talc particles yields better results, in terms of thermal stability and tensile strength, compared to microtalc. Better results were observed using needle-like fillers, such as wollastonite and single-wall carbon nanotubes, since, as was previously observed, high aspect ratio particles tend to align during the drawing process and, thus, contribute to a more symmetrical distribution of stresses. Competitive and synergistic effects were recognized to occur among the additives and fillers, such as the antioxidant effect being enhanced by the addition of the compatibilizer, while the antioxidant itself acts as a compatibilizing agent.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Yohei Yomogida ◽  
Kanako Horiuchi ◽  
Ryotaro Okada ◽  
Hideki Kawai ◽  
Yota Ichinose ◽  

AbstractThe presence of hopping carriers and grain boundaries can sometimes lead to anomalous carrier types and density overestimation in Hall-effect measurements. Previous Hall-effect studies on carbon nanotube films reported unreasonably large carrier densities without independent assessments of the carrier types and densities. Here, we have systematically investigated the validity of Hall-effect results for a series of metallic, semiconducting, and metal–semiconductor-mixed single-wall carbon nanotube films. With carrier densities controlled through applied gate voltages, we were able to observe the Hall effect both in the n- and p-type regions, detecting opposite signs in the Hall coefficient. By comparing the obtained carrier types and densities against values derived from simultaneous field-effect-transistor measurements, we found that, while the Hall carrier types were always correct, the Hall carrier densities were overestimated by up to four orders of magnitude. This significant overestimation indicates that thin films of one-dimensional SWCNTs are quite different from conventional hopping transport systems.

ACS Nano ◽  
2022 ◽  
Xin Li ◽  
Feng Zhang ◽  
Lili Zhang ◽  
Zhong-Hai Ji ◽  
Yi-Ming Zhao ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 165
Ruirui Jiang ◽  
Jianlong Liu ◽  
Kaiqiang Yang ◽  
Jing Zhao ◽  
Baoqing Zeng

A high emission current with relatively low operating voltage is critical for field emission cathodes in vacuum electronic devices (VEDs). This paper studied the field emission performance of single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) cold cathodes prepared by screen printing with a silver paste buffer layer. The buffer layer can both enforce the adhesion between the SWCNTs and substrate, and decrease their contact resistance, so as to increase emission current. Compared with paste mixing CNTs and screen printed cathodes, the buffer layer can avoid excessive wrapping of CNTs in the silver slurry and increase effective emission area to reduce the operating voltage. The experimental results show that the turn-on field of the screen-printed SWCNT cathodes is 0.9 V/μm, which is lower than that of electrophoretic SWCNT cathodes at 2.0 V/μm. Meanwhile, the maximum emission current of the screen-printed SWCNT cathodes reaches 5.55 mA at DC mode and reaches 10.4 mA at pulse mode, which is an order magnitude higher than that of electrophoretic SWCNTs emitters. This study also shows the application insight of small or medium-power VEDs.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
RC Jagessar ◽  

Carbon nanotubes often refer to single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with diameters in the range of a nanometer. Single-wall carbon nanotubes are one of the allotropes of carbon, intermediate between fullerene cages and flat graphene. Carbon nanotubes also often refer to multi-wall carbon nanotubes(MWCNTs), consisting of nested single-wall carbon nanotubes, weakly bound together by van der Waals interactions in a tree ring-like structure. If not identical, these tubes are very similar to long straight and parallel carbon layers, cylindrically arranged around a hollow tube. Multi-wall carbon nanotubes are also sometimes used to refer to double and triple wall carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes can also refer to tubes with an undetermined carbon wall structure and diameters less than 100 nanometers. While nanotubes of other compositions exist, most research has been focused on the carbon ones. The length of a carbon nanotube produced by common production methods is typically much larger than its diameter. Thus, for many purposes, end effects are neglected and the length of carbon nanotubes is assumed infinite. Carbon nanotubes can exhibit remarkable unique properties. These include electrical conductivity, while others are semiconductors. They also have exceptional tensile strengthand thermal conductivity, because of their nanostructure and strength of the bonds between carbon atoms. In addition, they can be chemically modified. Thus, due to their variable, unique properties, carbon nanotubes have found applications in many realms such as electronics, optics, composite materials nanotechnology, and other applications of materials science. In addition, carbon nanotubes can be integrated into other molecules to form novel structures with unique properties, different from the individual reactants. These unique products have also found application in many realms of nanotechnology

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3461
Takashi Tsuji ◽  
Guohai Chen ◽  
Takahiro Morimoto ◽  
Yoshiki Shimizu ◽  
Jaeho Kim ◽  

We present a study quantitatively demonstrating that the method of synthesis (gas phase, fixed bed, non-fixed bed) represents a determining factor in the level of crystallinity in growing single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Using far infrared spectroscopy, the “effective length” (associated with the level of crystallinity) was estimated for CNTs grown using various synthetic methods (lab-produced and supplemented by commercially purchased SWCNTs) as a metric for crystallinity (i.e., defect density). Analysis of the observed “effective lengths” showed that the SWCNTs fell into two general groups: long and short (high and low crystallinity) synthesized by gas-phase methods and all other supported catalyst methods, respectively. Importantly, the “long” group exhibited effective lengths in the range of 700–2200 nm, which was greater than double that of the typical values representing the “short” group (110–490 nm). These results highlight the significant difference in crystallinity. We interpret that the difference in the crystallinity stemmed from stress concentration at the nanotube-catalyst interface during the growth process, which originated from various sources of mismatch in growth rates (e.g., vertically aligned array) as well as impact stress from contact with other substrates during fluidization or rotation. These results are consistent with well-accepted belief, but now are demonstrated quantitatively.

2021 ◽  
pp. 2107489
Futian Wang ◽  
Dehua Yang ◽  
Linhai Li ◽  
Yumin Liu ◽  
Xiaojun Wei ◽  

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