Water Condition
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yiyun Liu ◽  
Yingming Xu ◽  
Qingqing Huang ◽  
Xu Qin ◽  
Lijie Zhao ◽  
...  

Abstract The objective of this study was to expound possible effect of fertilization and water management in the remediation process of hazardous substance using sepiolite(SP). Meanwhile, Illumina high-throughput sequencing was performed to investigate how the composition of the rhizosphere bacterial community responded to a series of soil remediation process. The results showed that application of SP increased pH, decreased DOM under different water condition, but goat manure (GM) increased pH and DOM at the same time. Under water-saturated condition (FWHC), the application of GM increased the content of available Cd (DTPA-Cd) by 42.0-68.9%, 13.1%-30.3% of unamended and SP-amended soil, respectively. Under normal water condition (NWHC), the application of GM increased DTPA-Cd by 0.7%-5.8%, 73.7%-115.5% of unamended and SP-amended soil, respectively. Consequently, coupling effect of FWHC and GM decreased Cd content in shoots of pak choi. We also found that the application of GM increased the abundance of soil microbial communities. Abundance of proteobacteria reached a peak when applied GM in SP-amended soil under FWHC. RDA analysis showed that soil microbes such as bacteroidetes, patescibacteria, and proteobacteria were correlated positively with pH, DOM, and DTPA-Cd. Acidobacteria was correlated positively with DTPA-Cd, and negatively with pH and DOM. The relationship of soil physicochemical properties and the bacterial community variation indicated that GM and SP mixed additives may indirectly affect the soil microbial community by changing soil physicochemical properties and available Cd content.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 764-769
Author(s):  
Mima Mimatun Nasihah ◽  
Nur Lathifah Syakbanah ◽  
Gading Wilda Aniriani ◽  
Andini Dwi Magfiroh

The northern part of Lamongan Regency is an area that is geologically and geographically vulnerable to freshwater. The condition of the existing water sources is not suitable for use as a source of clean water, because the water is brackish and green in color. The eutrophication process occurs due to excessive use of fertilizers for pond business, so that the nitrogen and phosphate content is high. The community in Karanggeneng village uses water from the Bengawan Solo River for daily use. The water condition of Bengawan Solo in the rainy season is dark brown in color because it contains a lot of soil, while in the dry season it is green because it contains a lot of pesticide or fertilizer residues discarded by farmers. From the problems above, it is necessary to socialize the water purification of Bengawan Solo by using the filtration method. Socialization activities are carried out directly to the Karanggeneng village community. This activity is carried out in two stages, the first is the preparation of tools and materials, the second stage is socialization to the community. In the first stage, chemical and physical water quality parameters were tested. In the second stage, the community was very enthusiastic about the implementation of this activity. The use of filtration methods is easy and inexpensive to be applied on a household scale. Suggestions, it is necessary to disseminate information to the wider community so that all people can access clean water for their daily needs. the second stage is socialization to the community. In the first stage, chemical and physical water quality parameters were tested. In the second stage, the community was very enthusiastic about the implementation of this activity. The use of filtration methods is easy and inexpensive to be applied on a household scale. Suggestions, it is necessary to disseminate information to the wider community so that all people can access clean water for their daily needs. the second stage is socialization to the community. In the first stage, chemical and physical water quality parameters were tested. In the second stage, the community was very enthusiastic about the implementation of this activity. The use of filtration methods is easy and inexpensive to be applied on a household scale. Suggestions, it is necessary to disseminate information to the wider community so that all people can access clean water for their daily needs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 913 (1) ◽  
pp. 012054
Author(s):  
D D Bandrang ◽  
H Sa’diyah ◽  
Suparmin ◽  
T Sjah

Abstract Watershed of Dodokan in Lombok, Indonesia, is one of the strategic watersheds on the island of Lombok, and is a priority for rehabilitation of forest and land. This paper aims to analyse ecological water conditions in Dodokan watershed, Lombok, Indonesia, and recommends policy for improving the ecological conditions of the watershed. The results of this analysis are expected to be useful in implementing policies and programs to improve the ecological condition of this watershed, as well as to provide greater benefits for the communities around or related to this watershed. The watershed analysis focuses on five aspects, including flow regime coefficient, annual flow coefficient, sediment load, flood, and water use index. The results of the analysis show that the ecological condition of water management in the Dodokan watershed is poor, and can threaten the continuity of water resources in the Dodokan watershed. Therefore, rehabilitation activities are urgently needed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Samuel Henrique Kamphorst ◽  
Antônio Teixeira do Amaral Junior ◽  
Valter Jário de Lima ◽  
Marcelo Javier Carena ◽  
Valdinei Cruz Azeredo ◽  
...  

Drought currently affects several regions worldwide and tends to be more frequent due to climate change. It might compromise food security and the economic structure related to agribusiness. Popcorn has a crucial role in the Brazilian economy, but the cultivars that adapt to water stress, the most prejudicial abiotic stress for crop productivity, are unknown to date. This deficit of popcorn varieties adapted to heat and drought stresses will become more limiting with climate change. Given this scenario, knowing the genetic basis of agronomic traits under stress conditions is essential in promoting crop productivity and plant adaptation to abiotic stresses. Under two contrasting water conditions (WC) and different crop seasons (CS), we aimed to generate information about the combining ability of 10 popcorn progenitors and 15 hybrids through a partial diallel-mating design. The water stress was initiated at the male pre-anthesis stage. Significant genotype*crop seasons (G*CS), genotype*water condition (G*WC), and genotype*crop seasons*water condition (G*CS*WC) interactions were present. Regardless of CS and WC, non-additive effects controlled grain yield (GY), grain number per row (GN), ear length and diameter (ED), and 100-grain weight, while additive effects were present for popping expansion (PE). For each CS, regardless of WC, the cause-effect of GN (2018) and ED (2020) on GY seems to be an opportunity for indirect selection. Utilizing genetically broad-based hybrids is also a good opportunity for obtaining superior genotypes for GY and PE as it is possible to select inbred lines for both of these traits. We recommend the L76 × L61 hybrid for the Brazilian agribusiness context due to its greater productivity and dominance deviations.


Author(s):  
О. Троїцька ◽  
K. Belokon ◽  
E Manidina ◽  
V. Ryzkov

Environmental assessment of current state of the Dnieper surface water from Zaporozhye areas water abstractions based on land surface water quality qualification by salt composition is carried out. Quality degradation of the Dnieper surface water by ion composition is discovered with analysis. Ecological condition of the surface water is defines as ”mediocre” and level of contamination is characterized as mildly polluted”.


2021 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
pp. 204-210
Author(s):  
Gustavo Soares Wenneck ◽  
Reni Saath ◽  
Roberto Rezende ◽  
Lucas Henrique Maldonado da Silva

The measurement of leaf pigments using non-destructive methods can be influenced by water management conditions and the use of nutrients in cauliflower, not showing adequate correlations with chlorophyll contents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the SPAD index and the pigment content in cauliflower leaves managed with different water conditions and the application of silicon (Si). The cultivation was carried out in a protected environment in the city of Maringá, Paraná State from October 2019 to March 2020. It was adopted a randomized block design, with treatments in a 3 x 4 factorial scheme, with three levels of water recharge (40; 70 and 100% of crop evapotranspiration (ETc)) and four doses of Si (0; 50; 100 and 150 kg ha-1), with four replications. Once plants showed developed inflorescence, the SPAD index was determined in the field and the levels of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and carotenoids in the laboratory using leaves from the upper third. The correlation between water recharge and Si fertilization on the SPAD index was determined. The proportion of carotenoids in relation to total pigments was compared under different conditions. Correlation analysis was performed considering silicon fertilization, water recharge, leaf pigments, and the SPAD index. Silicon fertilization reduced the levels of carotenoids in addition to being related to chlorophyll a (100% of ETc) and chlorophyll b (70% of ETc). The correlation of the SPAD index with pigments is variable with the water condition of the crop, in a condition without water deficit, it is related to chlorophyll a and in a condition of 70% replacement of ETc, it is correlated with chlorophyll b.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 211
Author(s):  
Alia Sutarwiah ◽  
Alfit Fajri B ◽  
Faisal Abda’oe ◽  
Fredly Deviano B ◽  
M. Ali Dermawan ◽  
...  

This research was conducted to identify the test of the water quality which good for consumption. It can be proved from temperature, turbidity level, and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids). By tempting the sensor, the turbidity and TDS meter controlled with the Arduino uno and the MCU node is forwarded to send data to the bylink application. The bylink application will help in monitoring water conditions by displaying the water condition which fit for consuming. The method used in this research was started with making a prototype then producing data to determine the feasibility of water through the TDS sensor, temperature sensor, and NTU (water clarity). This indicators were developed on an Android system whom the user could determine feasibility water easier.


Author(s):  
Nora Idiawati ◽  
Ikha Safitri ◽  
Mega Sari Juane Sofiana

Phytoplankton plays an important role in marine ecosystems as  primary producer, as the basis of food chains and the food web, and are widely used as bioindicators to monitor water condition. The study of phytoplankton is the primary interest to explore aquatic resources for blue biotechnology applications in conditions as a live feed, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, possibly food and health industry. The study aims to assess the composition, abundance and diversity of phytoplankton community in Lemukutan Island waters of West Kalimantan. The present study found 31 genera of phytoplankton, consisted of Bacillariophyceae (28 genera) and Dinophyceae (3 genera). In term of contribution, Bacillariophyceae were found to be dominant (93.035%) than dinophyceae (6.965%). The abundance of phytoplankton varied between 636.91 to 2034.48 cell.L-1. The diversity index (H’), the evenness (E) index, and the dominance (C) index ranged from 1.959–2.579, 0.582–0.868, 0.094–0.283, respectively. The result showed that the diversity index was moderate, the evenness index was high, and the dominance index was low. 


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