goat manure
Recently Published Documents





Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 174
Isidoro Carricondo-Martínez ◽  
Francesca Berti ◽  
Maria del Carmen Salas-Sanjuán

The valorisation of vegetal waste as a source of crop nutrients constitutes a circular strategy to improve the sustainability of intensive horticultural production systems. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of organic amendments derived from vegetal residues on the yield and quality of tomato. The following fertilisation treatments were carried out: fresh vegetal residues (4 kg m−1), compost (3 kg m−1), and vermicompost at two different doses (3 and 9 kg m−1), all derived from previous tomato crop vegetal residues, an organic treatment with goat manure (3 kg m−1), and a control mineral fertigation treatment. The highest yield was obtained with conventional mineral fertigation management, followed by vermicompost treatments at two different doses (3 and 9 kg m−1), with no statistical differences. The organic treatments with fresh crop residues, compost and goat manure resulted in lower yield. Regarding quality parameters, the lycopene content was higher in the mineral fertilisation and vermicompost at 3 kg m−1 treatment, while the other antioxidants measured were more concentrated in tomatoes fertilised with vermicompost treatment at 9 kg m−1 and goat manure. The plant nutrient management with vermicompost is the best circular solution, as it allows to reintegrate the residues generated in previous crop cycles into the soil, obtaining a yield equal to chemical input management and tomatoes with high nutritional quality.

2022 ◽  
Yiyun Liu ◽  
Yingming Xu ◽  
Qingqing Huang ◽  
Xu Qin ◽  
Lijie Zhao ◽  

Abstract The objective of this study was to expound possible effect of fertilization and water management in the remediation process of hazardous substance using sepiolite(SP). Meanwhile, Illumina high-throughput sequencing was performed to investigate how the composition of the rhizosphere bacterial community responded to a series of soil remediation process. The results showed that application of SP increased pH, decreased DOM under different water condition, but goat manure (GM) increased pH and DOM at the same time. Under water-saturated condition (FWHC), the application of GM increased the content of available Cd (DTPA-Cd) by 42.0-68.9%, 13.1%-30.3% of unamended and SP-amended soil, respectively. Under normal water condition (NWHC), the application of GM increased DTPA-Cd by 0.7%-5.8%, 73.7%-115.5% of unamended and SP-amended soil, respectively. Consequently, coupling effect of FWHC and GM decreased Cd content in shoots of pak choi. We also found that the application of GM increased the abundance of soil microbial communities. Abundance of proteobacteria reached a peak when applied GM in SP-amended soil under FWHC. RDA analysis showed that soil microbes such as bacteroidetes, patescibacteria, and proteobacteria were correlated positively with pH, DOM, and DTPA-Cd. Acidobacteria was correlated positively with DTPA-Cd, and negatively with pH and DOM. The relationship of soil physicochemical properties and the bacterial community variation indicated that GM and SP mixed additives may indirectly affect the soil microbial community by changing soil physicochemical properties and available Cd content.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-14
I Wayan Widhana Susila ◽  
Ryke Nandini ◽  
Ali Setyayudi ◽  

Ketak (Lygodium circinnatum (Burm.F) Sw.) is one of the main species of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in West Nusa Tenggara. Ketak produce tendrils that was used as a raw material for the woven handicraft industry. The sustainability of the handicraft business has constraints in decreasing the supply of raw materials because the potential is very reduced in nature so that it is necessary to make efforts to cultivate L. circinnatum plants. The aim of the study was to determine the success of planting L. circinnatum with fertilization and different types of vines. The research used a randomized block design which was arranged factorially with a combination of different types of fertilizers (goat manure, cow manure, NPK fertilizer) and vine trees (Gliricidia sepium, Erythrina variegata, bamboo). For six months, the application of fertilizers and different types of climbing stems significantly affected the increase in tendril length and number of leaves and there was an interaction between the two treatments tested; while the increase in the number of tendrils and life percentage occurred the effect of a single treatment. Goat fertilizer and climbing species G. sepium were the best treatments for the increase in tendril length (73.4 cm) and number of leaves (88 sheet). The best NPK fertilizer treatment for the growth of the number of tendrils (3 tendrils), climbing species G. sepium and goat manure produced the highest percentage of life (80.42% and 85.56%)

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 7-14
Muji Rahayu ◽  
Djoko Purnomo ◽  
Andriyana Setyawati ◽  
Edi Purwanto ◽  
Amalia Tetrani Sakya ◽  

Food crops of local varieties are solutions to realize national food security. To boost the production of local corn varieties, various organic fertilizer is promising to develop. This research aimed to study the morphological and physiological response of local variety corn Tambin. The research used a completely randomized design (CRD) one factor with seven treatments: various fertilizers. Various fertilizers consist of no organic fertilizer, liquid organic, compost, cow manure, rabbit urine, chicken manure, and goat manure. The results showed that the application of various organic fertilizers did not affect morphological characters of the local variety of corn Tambin. In This study, the application of various organic fertilizers did not affect the morphological character of corn, including the height of the plant, the number of leaves, the diameter of the stem, the length of the leaves, and the angle of Tambin corn leaves. Application of cow manure, compost, chicken manure, and goat manure could increase the leaf area aged 3 WAP (week after planting) by 716.13 - 1086.52 g per plant. In physiological character, the application of various organic fertilizers could not increase the net assimilation rate, relative growth rate, chlorophyll content, and the specific leave weight. The application of all organic fertilizers, except liquid organic fertilizer, increased the dry weight of plants at the time of harvest by 2.97 – 36.81 g.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 262-271
I Komang Damar Jaya ◽  
Bambang Budi Santoso ◽  
Jayaputra Jayaputra

The use of high doses of chemical fertilizers in the production of chili (Capsicum annuum L.) has an adverse impact on the environment, especially in dryland. This study aimed to examine the role of cow manure (PKS), goat manure (PKK), chicken manure (PKA), or a combination of two manures in reducing 25% of the requirement for chemical fertilizer on chili plants. One experiment was carried out in the dryland of Gumantar Village, North Lombok Regency, from May to October 2021. Phonska NPK (15-15-15) chemical fertilizer (PK) at a 1,200 kg/ha dose was used as a control. The treatments tested were 75% PK+PKS, 75% PK+PKK, 75% PK+PKA, 75% PK+PKS+PKK, 75% PK+PKS+PKA and 75% PK+PKK+PKA. The dose of manure used in each treatment was 20 tons/ha. All treatments were repeated three times and arranged in a randomized block design. The results showed that the treatment of manure, especially goat manure and chicken manure, increased the available phosphate (P) in the soil. The growth and yield of chili plants were not significantly different in all treatments, which means that manure could replace the role of 25% of the chemical fertilizer used. These results indicate that manure in the long term can reduce the need for chemical fertilizers to produce chili in dryland.  Key words: chili; dryland; manure; chemical fertilizer; nutrition

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 566-571
Tuti Setyaningrum ◽  
Dyah Arbiwati

To produce optimally good quality shallots, proper cultivation techniques are required. Efforts that can be made include modifying the environment in which plants grow. Alternative efforts to increase the quantity and quality of agricultural products, especially shallots can be done by using organic fertilizers and the use of Trichoderma sp. as a plant growth promoting agent, as well as improving the quality of organic fertilizers. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of Trichoderma in increasing the ability of plants to absorb nutrients from the growing media and to determine the best type of organic fertilizer to increase the growth and yield of shallots. The research was conducted at the experimental field of the Faculty of Agriculture, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta, Wedomartani, Sleman, Yogyakarta Special Region, at an altitude of approximately 104 meters above sea level. The time of the research is from May to July 2021. This study was arranged in a factorial Completely Randomized Block Design with 3 replications. The first factor is the type of manure (P1: without manure, P2: cow manure and P3: goat manure). The second factor was inoculation of Trichoderma sp isolates (I0: without inoculation of Trichoderma sp. isolates. and I1: by inoculation of Trichoderma sp. isolates). Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the addition of cow and goat manure was able to produce more leaves and plant height than without the addition of manure, although it did not show a significant effect on the yield of shallot bulbs. There is no significant difference between cow manure and goat manure. Trichoderma inoculation has not had a significant effect on the growth and yield of shallots

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 11933
Khulekani Cyprian Mbatha ◽  
Charmaine Ntokozo Mchunu ◽  
Sydney Mavengahama ◽  
Nontuthuko Rosemary Ntuli

Sesamum alatum Thonn. is one of the less-popular but nutritious leafy vegetables that is still collected from the wild or as weeds among crops in South Africa. The plant is also used in medicines and cosmetics in Africa and elsewhere. Despite its importance, the cultivation of S. alatum under different agronomic systems for improved harvestable yield and nutrient content is still lacking. The study aimed to determine the response of S. alatum nutrient content to the application of poultry and goat manures. Plants were grown in pots under rain-fed shade cloth conditions, with poultry and goat manures applied at 0, 1, 2, and 3 t ha–1 each, and they were laid in a completely randomized design. Shoot tips were harvested at 60 days after planting and analyzed for nutrient content. Shoots contained better nutrients in S. alatum plants grown during the first than the second season, with minor exceptions. Poultry and goat manure application led to an increase in Ca, Mg, K, P, and micro-nutrients. Goat manure had potential to increase the nutrient content in S. alatum than poultry manure, although differences were not substantial. Therefore, both manures could be equally used to improve nutrient content of S. alatum.

2021 ◽  
Vol 948 (1) ◽  
pp. 012053
Yuliar ◽  
N Nuramida ◽  
A Salmah

Abstract The increased global livestock production, such as chickens, cows, goats, and rabbits causes increased animal waste in both liquid and solid forms. The utilization of animal manures are considered as a beneficial way to minimize the livestock waste problems. Application of manure is advantageous to the soil nutrient balance, soil structure and moisture-holding capacity, and facilitates environmental protection. A combination of biocontrol agent of Achromobacter insolitus MB20 and manures was studied as alternative to chemical fungicides to protect crop from diseases without damaging the environment and human health. The chemical fungicides cannot be used continously and do not represent a sustainable method control. Result showed that an application of A. insolitus alone reduced cucumber damping-off as high as 60%, and in combination of A. insolitus with chicken manure was 80%, goat manure 70%, cow manure and rabbit urine 65%. The in vitro test indicated that A. insolitus inhibited P. aphanidermatum growth by 28%. This antagonist bacterium also produced extracellular enzyme of protease and cellulase with proteolytic index (PI) value was 1.4 and cellulolytic index (CI) value was 1.7. An application of A. insolitus with chicken manure resulted the best combination and the most effective in reducing of cucumber damping-off.

2021 ◽  
Vol 117 (11/12) ◽  
S’busiso M. Nkosi ◽  
Inikile Lupuleza ◽  
Siyanda N. Sithole ◽  
Zenzile R. Zelda ◽  
Anthony N. Matheri

The energy sector is an essential part of a country’s economy – it drives innovation and advances in industrialisation. Coal is the primary source of energy in South Africa. Coal contributes 95% of energy production; coal-fired power also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions, and is thus a hazard to human health and the environment. This calls for an energy mix that is renewable, sustainable, and affordable and that is carbon neutral (climate action). We investigated the potential of anaerobic mono-and co-digestion of goat manure, chicken manure, potato peels, maize pap, and cow manure inoculum for mesophilic recovery of renewable energy using the biomethane potential test. The substrates were characterised through proximate and ultimate analyses to determine the composition preferable for mono- and co-digestion. The key considerations in the determination of both the yield and production rate of methane from digestion of biomass are the substrate composition and characterisation. A high percentage of volatile solids favoured optimum biomethane production as highly volatile components provide microbes with balanced nutrients that enhance metabolic processes to produce biomethane. The mono-digestion process produced lower biomethane than did co-digestion. Higher production of biomethane by co-digestion was due to the balance of the micronutrients and macronutrients that favoured microbial metabolism and regulation of pH.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 119
Dedi Kurniawan ◽  
Triara Juniarsih ◽  
Fitra Syawal Harahap

<p>Improvements in cocoa cultivation techniques need to be done by adding goat manure as a mixture of planting media to improve the physical properties of the soil in order to make it easier for roots to develop. This objective of this study was to determine concentration of mycorrhizae, the best growing media for cocoa seedlings, and interaction on the growth of cocoa seedlings. The method used was randomized block design with two factor. The first factor was the inoculation of mycorrhizae consisting of four levels: without inoculation of mycorrhizae 10 g/plant, 20 g/plant, and 30 g/plant. The second factor was the growing media with three levels of growing media: top soil, top soil + goat manure compost (1:1), and top soil + goat manure compost (1:2). The results showed that the growing media had a significant effect on the height and volume of plant roots. Growing media of top soil produced the best average seedling by 38.06 cm and root volume by 4.39 cm3. The interaction of giving mycorrhizae with growing media had a significant effect on root volume with the best treatment 10 g/plant mycorrhizae and top soil by 5.67 cm3. The results analysis of root infection by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi showed the highest infection in the 20 g/plant mycorrhizae and top soil by 80%. Application of mycorrhizae with growing media can increase cocoa yield and growth. Planting media mycorrhizae infected to soil can affect cocoa seedling.</p>

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document