donor acceptor
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Nano Energy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 93 ◽  
pp. 106800
Author(s):  
Chang Liu ◽  
Zhi Fang ◽  
Jinsong Sun ◽  
Minghui Shang ◽  
Kanghui Zheng ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Huma Tariq ◽  
Fahad Azad

In this work, we have synthesized donor-acceptor (Al-Cu) codoped ZnO nanoparticles with a doping concentration of 0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 0.75% by coprecipitation method. The synthesized samples were then annealed at 350°C and 600°C. All the samples showed wurtzite structure of ZnO with no secondary phase. The increase in doping concentration led to deterioration of crystalline quality, while improved crystallinity was observed at higher annealing temperature. The morphological study of these samples showed good grain-to-grain contact with less isolated pores. These samples were further characterized by impedance spectroscopy for analyzing dielectric properties. The values of the real part of dielectric constant and tangent loss showed decreasing trend with frequency. The appearance of semicircular arcs in the impedance complex plane plots indicates contribution of grains and grain boundaries and presence of different relaxation processes. 0.5% Al and Cu codoped ZnO showed the best dielectric response with a high value of dielectric constant and low tangent loss.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Zhe Feng ◽  
Yuanyuan Li ◽  
Siyi Chen ◽  
Xiaoming Yu ◽  
Yanyun Ying ◽  
...  

High-definition fluorescence imaging of deep-buried organs is still challenging. Here, we develop bright fluorophores emitting to 1700 nm by enhancing electron donating ability and reducing donor-acceptor distance. In parallel, the heavy water functions as the solvent of the delicately designed fluorophores, effectively reducing the fluorescent signal loss caused by the absorption by water. The near-infrared-II (NIR-II, 900-1880 nm) emission is eventually recovered and extended beyond 1400 nm. Compared with the spectral range beyond 1500 nm, the one beyond 1400 nm gives a more accurate fluorescence visualization of the hollow organs, owing to the absorption-induced scattering suppression. In addition, the intraluminal lesions containing much water are simultaneously negatively stained, leading to a stark contrast for precise diagnosis. Eventually, the intraluminally perfused fluorescent probes are excreted from mice and thus no obvious side effects emerge. This general method can provide new avenues for future biomedical imaging of deep and highly scattering tissues.


Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 414
Author(s):  
Maricruz Rangel-Galván ◽  
María Eugenia Castro ◽  
Jose Manuel Perez-Aguilar ◽  
Norma A. Caballero ◽  
Alejandro Rangel-Huerta ◽  
...  

The cannabinoid receptors (CB1/CB2) and the T-type calcium channels are involved in disorders associated with both physiological pain and depressive behaviors. Valuable pharmacological species carbazole derivatives such as the NMP-4, NMP-7, and NMP-181 (Neuro Molecular Production) regulate both biological entities. In this work, DFT calculations were performed to characterize theoretically their structural and chemical reactivity properties using the BP86/cc-pVTZ level of theory. The molecular orbital contributions and the chemical reactivity analysis reveal that a major participation of the carbazole group is in the donor-acceptor interactions of the NMP compounds. The DFT analysis on the NMP compounds provides insights into the relevant functional groups involved during the ligand-receptor interactions. Molecular docking analysis is used to reveal possible sites of interaction of the NMP compounds with the Cav3.2 calcium channel. The interaction energy values and reported experimental evidence indicate that the site denominated as “Pore-blocking”, which is formed mainly by hydrophobic residues and the T586 residue, is a probable binding site for the NMP compounds.


Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 377
Author(s):  
Frank Weinhold

Intermolecular bonding attraction at π-bonded centers is often described as “electrostatically driven” and given quasi-classical rationalization in terms of a “pi hole” depletion region in the electrostatic potential. However, we demonstrate here that such bonding attraction also occurs between closed-shell ions of like charge, thereby yielding locally stable complexes that sharply violate classical electrostatic expectations. Standard DFT and MP2 computational methods are employed to investigate complexation of simple pi-bonded diatomic anions (BO−, CN−) with simple atomic anions (H−, F−) or with one another. Such “anti-electrostatic” anion–anion attractions are shown to lead to robust metastable binding wells (ranging up to 20–30 kcal/mol at DFT level, or still deeper at dynamically correlated MP2 level) that are shielded by broad predissociation barriers (ranging up to 1.5 Å width) from long-range ionic dissociation. Like-charge attraction at pi-centers thereby provides additional evidence for the dominance of 3-center/4-electron (3c/4e) nD-π*AX interactions that are fully analogous to the nD-σ*AH interactions of H-bonding. Using standard keyword options of natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis, we demonstrate that both n-σ* (sigma hole) and n-π* (pi hole) interactions represent simple variants of the essential resonance-type donor-acceptor (Bürgi–Dunitz-type) attraction that apparently underlies all intermolecular association phenomena of chemical interest. We further demonstrate that “deletion” of such π*-based donor-acceptor interaction obliterates the characteristic Bürgi–Dunitz signatures of pi-hole interactions, thereby establishing the unique cause/effect relationship to short-range covalency (“charge transfer”) rather than envisioned Coulombic properties of unperturbed monomers.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kazuki Matsuo ◽  
Eiji Yamaguchi ◽  
Akichika Itoh

This study investigates the photo-induced C–X borylation reaction of aryl halides by forming a halogen-bonding complex. The method employs 2-naphthol as a halogen-bonding acceptor and proceeds under mild conditions without a photoredox catalyst under 420 nm blue light irradiation. The method is highly chemoselective, broadly functional group tolerant, and provides concise access to corresponding boronate esters. Mechanistic studies reveal that forming the halogen-bonding complex between aryl halide and naphthol acts as an electron donor-acceptor complex to furnish aryl radicals through photo-induced electron transfer.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jianyu Zhang ◽  
Parvej Alam ◽  
Siwei Zhang ◽  
Hanchen Shen ◽  
Lianrui Hu ◽  
...  

Clusteroluminogens (CLgens) refer to some non-conjugated molecules that show visible light due to the formation of aggregates and unique electronic properties with through-space interactions (TSI). Although mature and systematic theories of molecular photophysics have been developed to study conventional conjugated chromophores, it is still challenging to endow CLgens with designed photophysical properties by manipulating TSI. Herein, three CLgens with non-conjugated donor-acceptor structures and different halide substituents with secondary TSI are designed and synthesized. These molecules show multiple emissions and even white-light emission in the crystalline state and the intensity ratio of these multiple emission peaks is easily manipulated by changing the halide atom and excitation wavelength. Experimental and theoretical results successfully disclose the electronic nature of these multiple emissions: through-space conjugation for short-wavelength fluorescence, through-space charge transfer based on secondary TSI for long-wavelength fluorescence, and room-temperature phosphorescence. The introduction of secondary TSI to CLgens not only enriches their varieties of photophysical properties but also inspires the establishment of novel aggregate photophysics for clusteroluminescence.


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