colletotrichum species
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 87
Hua Zheng ◽  
Zefen Yu ◽  
Xinwei Jiang ◽  
Linlin Fang ◽  
Min Qiao

Colletotrichum species are plant pathogens, saprobes, and endophytes in many economically important hosts. Many studies have investigated the diversity and pathogenicity of Colletotrichum species in common ornamentals, fruits, and vegetables. However, Colletotrichum species occurring in aquatic plants are not well known. During the investigation of the diversity of endophytic fungi in aquatic plants in southwest China, 66 Colletotrichum isolates were obtained from aquatic plants there, and 26 of them were selected for sequencing and analyses of actin (ACT), chitin synthase (CHS-1), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, and β-tubulin (TUB2) genomic regions. Based on morphological characterization and multi-locus phylogenetic analyses, 13 Colletotrichum species were recognized, namely, C. baiyuense sp. nov., C. casaense sp. nov., C. demersi sp. nov., C. dianense sp. nov., C. fructicola, C. garzense sp. nov., C. jiangxiense, C. karstii, C. philoxeroidis sp. nov., C. spicati sp. nov., C. tengchongense sp. nov., C. vulgaris sp. nov., C. wuxuhaiense sp. nov. Two species complexes, the C. boninense species complex and C. gloeosporioides species complex, were found to be associated with aquatic plants. Pathogenicity tests revealed a broad diversity in pathogenicity and aggressiveness among the eight new Colletotrichum species.

2021 ◽  
Thiago de Aguiar Carraro ◽  
Paulo dos Santos Faria Lichtemberg ◽  
Themis J. Michailides ◽  
Marli Izabet Miranda Borges ◽  
Wagner Vicente Pereira ◽  

S. Bincader ◽  
R. Pongpisutta ◽  
C. Rattanakreetakul

Background: Anthracnose disease caused by the genus Colletotrichum is one of the crucial problems occurring in the field, along with postharvest diseases and affects mango quality in Thailand. In particular, the Nam Dork Mai See Tong cultivar, which is highly susceptible to the disease, is an important product for exportation. Methods: In this research, thirty-seven Colletotrichum species isolate were obtained from anthracnose disease in mango cv. Nam Dork Mai See Tong in three provinces in Thailand. Morphological studies and molecular techniques using species-specific primers were investigated; moreover, the diversity of pathogens was analyzed using PCR amplification of inter simple sequence repeats (ISSRs) with 6 primers, including pathogenicity tests. Result: Morphological studies and molecular detection with species-specific primers revealed that 32 isolates belonged to the C. gloeosporioides species complex and 5 isolates to the C. acutatum species complex. The genetic diversity of pathogens was analyzed. PCR amplification using 6 ISSR primers produced 35 polymorphic bands. These bands were used to construct UPGMA, in which cluster analysis divided the 37 isolates into 3 main groups and 8 subgroups at 61-73% Jaccard similarity coefficient with cophenetic correlation (r) = 0.6781. The ISSR technique showed the greatest genetic variation among isolates collected from different locations. Hence, a study based on ISSR markers was profitable to investigate the phylogenetic relationship of the genus Colletotrichum. Pathogenicity tests revealed that PC006 (Ca) and CS005 (Cg) showed the highest aggressiveness, with disease incidences of 84.74 and 80.90%, respectively. This study indicates that the diversity of pathogenic Colletotrichum species related to mango plantations in Thailand is increasing.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12612
Seungmin Son ◽  
Soohong Kim ◽  
Kyong Sil Lee ◽  
Jun Oh ◽  
Inchan Choi ◽  

Anthracnose is caused by Colletotrichum species and is one of the most virulent fungal diseases affecting chili pepper (Capsicum) yield globally. However, the noble genes conferring resistance to Colletotrichum species remain largely elusive. In this study, we identified CbAR9 as the causal locus underlying the large effect quantitative trait locus CcR9 from the anthracnose-resistant chili pepper variety PBC80. CbAR9 encodes a nucleotide-binding and leucine-rich repeat (NLR) protein related to defense-associated NLRs in several other plant species. CbAR9 transcript levels were induced dramatically after Colletotrichum capsici infection. To explore the biological function, we generated transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana lines overexpressing CbAR9, which showed enhanced resistance to C. capsici relative to wild-type plants. Transcript levels of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes increased markedly in CbAR9-overexpressing N. benthamiana plants. Moreover, resistance to anthracnose and transcript levels of PR1 and PR2 were markedly reduced in CbAR9-silenced chili pepper fruits after C. capsici infection. Our results revealed that CbAR9 contributes to innate immunity against C. capsici.

Pathogens ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (11) ◽  
pp. 1520
Thaís R. Boufleur ◽  
Nelson S. Massola Júnior ◽  
Ísis Tikami ◽  
Serenella A. Sukno ◽  
Michael R. Thon ◽  

Colletotrichum is one of the most important plant pathogenic genus of fungi due to its scientific and economic impact. A wide range of hosts can be infected by Colletotrichum spp., which causes losses in crops of major importance worldwide, such as soybean. Soybean anthracnose is mainly caused by C. truncatum, but other species have been identified at an increasing rate during the last decade, becoming one of the most important limiting factors to soybean production in several regions. To gain a better understanding of the evolutionary origin of soybean anthracnose, we compared the repertoire of effector candidates of four Colletotrichum species pathogenic to soybean and eight species not pathogenic. Our results show that the four species infecting soybean belong to two lineages and do not share any effector candidates. These results strongly suggest that two Colletotrichum lineages have acquired the capability to infect soybean independently. This study also provides, for each lineage, a set of candidate effectors encoding genes that may have important roles in pathogenicity towards soybean offering a new resource useful for further research on soybean anthracnose management.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12454
Thomas Svoboda ◽  
Michael R. Thon ◽  
Joseph Strauss

Colletotrichum is a plant pathogenic fungus which is able to infect virtually every economically important plant species. Up to now no common infection mechanism has been identified comparing different plant and Colletotrichum species. Plant hormones play a crucial role in plant-pathogen interactions regardless whether they are symbiotic or pathogenic. In this review we analyze the role of ethylene, abscisic acid, jasmonic acid, auxin and salicylic acid during Colletotrichum infections. Different Colletotrichum strains are capable of auxin production and this might contribute to virulence. In this review the role of different plant hormones in plant—Colletotrichum interactions will be discussed and thereby auxin biosynthetic pathways in Colletotrichum spp. will be proposed.

Patricia Baldrich ◽  
Timothy Chaya ◽  
Jeffrey L. Caplan ◽  
Blake C. Meyers

Colletotrichum species are globally distributed and well known as members of a destructive phytopathogenic genus, causing the anthracnose disease in a wide variety of crops and fruits. Colletotrichum sublineola is the causal agent of the anthracnose disease in sorghum, causing losses of up to 50% in yield. Here, we used PacBio sequencing combined with RNA-seq to generate a chromosome-level assembly and annotation of the Colletotrichum sublineola strain CsGL1. [Formula: see text] Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license .

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