cfd simulation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 49 ◽  
pp. 101728
Author(s):  
Shahin Shoeibi ◽  
Hadi Kargarsharifabad ◽  
Nader Rahbar ◽  
Goodarz Ahmadi ◽  
Mohammad Reza Safaei

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 113
Author(s):  
Tao He ◽  
Dakui Feng ◽  
Liwei Liu ◽  
Xianzhou Wang ◽  
Hua Jiang

Tank sloshing is widely present in many engineering fields, especially in the field of marine. Due to the trend of large-scale liquid cargo ships, it is of great significance to study the coupled motion response of ships with tanks in beam waves. In this study, the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method and experiments are used to study the response of a ship with/without a tank in beam waves. All the computations are performed by an in-house CFD solver, which is used to solve RANS (Reynold Average Navier-Stokes) equations coupled with six degrees-of-freedom solid-body motion equations. The Level Set Method is used to solve the free surface. Verification work on the grid number and time step size has been conducted. The simulation results agree with the experimental results well, which shows that the numerical method is accurate enough. In this paper, several different working conditions are set up, and the effects of the liquid height in the tank, the size of the tank and the wavelength ratio of the incident wave on the ship’s motion are studied. The results show the effect of tank sloshing on the ship’s motion in different working conditions.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Qiong Yao ◽  
Chen Peng ◽  
Sheng-zhang Wang ◽  
Xi-hong Hu

Abstract Objectives Thrombosis is a major adverse outcome for coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) in Kawasaki disease (KD). We investigated the geometric and hemodynamic abnormalities in patients with CAA and identified the risk factors for thrombosis by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. Methods We retrospectively studied 27 KD patients with 77 CAAs, including 20 CAAs with thrombosis in 12 patients. Patient-specific anatomic models obtained from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) were constructed to perform a CFD simulation. From the simulation results, we produced local hemodynamic parameters comprising of time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI) and relative resident time (RRT). The CAA’s maximum diameter (Dmax) and Z-score were measured on CMRI. Results Giant CAAs tended to present with more severe hemodynamic abnormalities. Thrombosed CAAs exhibited lower TAWSS (1.551 ± 1.535 vs. 4.235 ± 4.640dynes/cm2, p = 0.002), higher Dmax (10.905 ± 4.125 vs. 5.791 ± 2.826mm, p = 0.008), Z-score (28.301 ± 13.558 vs. 13.045 ± 8.394, p = 0.002), OSI (0.129 ± 0.132 vs. 0.046 ± 0.080, p = 0.01), and RRT (16.780 ± 11.982s vs. 9.123 ± 11.770s, p = 0.399) than the non-thrombosed group. An ROC analysis for thrombotic risk proved that all of the five parameters had area under the ROC curves (AUC) above 0.7, with Dmax delineating the highest AUC (AUCDmax = 0.871) and a 90% sensitivity, followed by Z-score (AUCZ−score = 0.849). Conclusions It is reasonable to combine the geometric index with hemodynamic information to establish a severity classification for KD cases.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Zi Wang ◽  
Narendra Kurnia Putra ◽  
Hitomi Anzai ◽  
Makoto Ohta

Stent implantation has been a primary treatment for stenosis and other intravascular diseases. However, the struts expansion procedure might cause endothelium lesion and the structure of the struts could disturb the blood flow environment near the wall of the blood vessel. These changes could damage the vascular innermost endothelial cell (EC) layer and pose risks of restenosis and post-deployment thrombosis. This research aims to investigate the effect of flow alterations on EC distribution in the presence of gap between two struts within the parallel flow chamber. To study how the gap presence impacts EC migration and the endothelialization effect on the surface of the struts, two struts were placed with specific orientations and positions on the EC layer in the flow chamber. After a 24-h exposure under wall shear stress (WSS), we observed the EC distribution conditons especially in the gap area. We also conducted computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to calculate the WSS distribution. High EC-concentration areas on the bottom plate corresponded to the high WSS by the presence of gap between the two struts. To find the relation between the WSS and EC distributions on the fluorescence images, WSS condition by CFD simulation could be helpful for the EC distribution. The endothelialization rate, represented by EC density, on the downstream sides of both struts was higher than that on the upstream sides. These observations were made in the flow recirculation at the gap area between two struts. On two side surfaces between the gaps, meaning the downstream at the first and the upstream at the second struts, EC density differences on the downstream surfaces of the first strut were higher than on the upstream surfaces of the second strut. Finally, EC density varied along the struts when the struts were placed at tilted angles. These results indicate that, by the presence of gap between the struts, ECs distribution could be predicted in both perpendicular and tiled positions. And tiled placement affect ECs distribution on the strut side surfaces.


Geofluids ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Cheng Yang ◽  
Jianliang Jiang ◽  
Bo Qi ◽  
Guoqing Cui ◽  
Liyong Zhang ◽  
...  

A swirling drill bit designed with an integrated vane swirler was developed to improve reverse circulation in down-the-hole hammer drilling. Its entrainment effect and influential factors were investigated by CFD simulation and experimental tests. The numerical results exhibit reasonable agreement with the experimental data, with a maximum error of 13.68%. In addition, the structural parameters of the swirler were shown to have an important effect on the reverse circulation performance of the drill bit, including the helical angle and number of spiral blades, swirler outlet area, and the flushing nozzles. The optimal parameters for the swirling drill bit without flushing nozzles include a helical angle of 60°, four spiral blades, and the area ratio of 2, while it is about 30°, 3, and 3 for the drill bit with flushing nozzles. Moreover, the entrainment ratio of the drill bit without flushing nozzles can be improved by nearly two times compared with one with flushing nozzles under the same conditions.


Author(s):  
Herman Szűcs

Porous materials can be found in numerous areas of life (e. g., applied science, material science), however, the simulation of the fluid flow and transport phenomena through porous media is a significant challenge nowadays. Numerical simulations can help to analyze and understand physical processes and different phenomena in the porous structure, as well as to determine certain parameters that are difficult or impossible to measure directly or can only be determined by expensive and time-consuming experiments. The basic condition for the numerical simulations is the 3D geometric model of the porous material sample, which is the input parameter of the simulation. For this reason, geometry reconstruction is highly critical for pore-scale analysis. This paper introduces a complex process for the preparation of the microstructure's geometry in connection with a coupled FEM-CFD two-way fluid-structure interaction simulation. Micro-CT has been successfully applied to reconstruct both the fluid and solid phases of the used porous material.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Zhou ◽  
Nicolas Boullé ◽  
David Barton ◽  
Eduard Campillo-Funollet ◽  
Cameron Hall

Data compression of three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation data is crucial to allow effective data-streaming for drone navigation and control. This problem is computationally challenging due to the complexity of the geometrical features present in the CFD data, and cannot be tackled by standard compression techniques such as sphere-tree. In this report, we present two different methods based on octree and cuboid primitives to compress velocity isosurfaces and volumetric data in three dimensions. Our volume compression method achieves a 1400 compression rate of raw simulation data and allows parallel computing.


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 67
Author(s):  
Peizhou Du ◽  
S. H. Huang ◽  
Wencheng Yang ◽  
Yingqiang Wang ◽  
Zhikun Wang ◽  
...  

The autonomous underwater helicopter, shortly referred to as AUH, is a newly developed underwater platform with a unique disc shape. An autonomous underwater helicopter with a suboptimal disc shape is presented in this paper. It adopts a multirotor configuration and stable fins to overcome the shape shortcoming for motion stabilization. Its motion analysis and mathematical model have been introduced accordingly. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation is carried out to evaluate fins’ hydrodynamic performance. Proportional integral derivative (PID) and sliding mode fuzzy (SMF) control are adopted for controller design. Finally, the controller is applied on this AUH and extensively tested in various simulations and experiments, and the results illustrate the high stabilization and robustness of the controller and the hovering stability and manoeuvrability of AUH.


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