gene polymorphism
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Bingman Liu ◽  
Qingqing Yang ◽  
Liangyu Zhao ◽  
Hua Shui ◽  
Xiaoyun Si

Abstract Background To verify that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) may lead to genetic susceptibility to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), the present study was designed to study four SNPs of VDR associated with LVH in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients of Han nationality. Methods 120 MHD patients were recruited at Department of Nephrology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University to analyze the expression of genotype, allele and haplotype of Fok I, Bsm I, Apa I and Taq I in blood samples, and to explore their correlation with blood biochemical indexes and ventricular remodeling. Results The results showed that the risks of CVD included gender, dialysis time, heart rate, SBP, glycated hemoglobin, calcium, iPTH and CRP concentration. Moreover, LAD, LVDd, LVDs, IVST and LVMI in B allele of Bsm I increased significantly. Fok I, Apa I and Taq I polymorphisms have no significant difference between MHD with LVH and without LVH. Further study showed that VDR expression level decreased significantly in MHD patients with LVH, and the B allele was positively correlated with VDR Expression. Conclusion VDR Bsm I gene polymorphism may predict cardiovascular disease risk of MDH patients, and provided theoretical basis for early detection and prevention of cardiovascular complications.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Priyanka Srivastava ◽  
Chitra Bamba ◽  
Seema Chopra ◽  
Kausik Mandal

There are a plethora of publications on the role of miRNA gene polymorphism and its association with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), but a lack of uniformity in the studies available due to the variable subject population, heterogeneity and contrary results of significance. Rigorous data mining was done through PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, Elsevier and Google Scholar to extract the studies of interest published until June 2021. A total of eight SNPs of miRNAs have been included, where ≥2 studies per SNPs were available. Analysis was done on the basis of pooled odds ratios and 95% CI. This is the first meta-analysis on miRNA SNPs in RPL that suggests that rs11614913, rs3746444 and rs2292832 biomarkers may decrease the risk of RPL under different genetic models.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kilian Abellaneda-Pérez ◽  
Pablo Martin-Trias ◽  
Catherine Cassé-Perrot ◽  
Lídia Vaqué-Alcázar ◽  
Laura Lanteaume ◽  
...  

AbstractThe BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism is a relevant factor explaining inter-individual differences to TMS responses in studies of the motor system. However, whether this variant also contributes to TMS-induced memory effects, as well as their underlying brain mechanisms, remains unexplored. In this investigation, we applied rTMS during encoding of a visual memory task either over the left frontal cortex (LFC; experimental condition) or the cranial vertex (control condition). Subsequently, individuals underwent a recognition memory phase during a functional MRI acquisition. We included 43 young volunteers and classified them as 19 Met allele carriers and 24 as Val/Val individuals. The results revealed that rTMS delivered over LFC compared to vertex stimulation resulted in reduced memory performance only amongst Val/Val allele carriers. This genetic group also exhibited greater fMRI brain activity during memory recognition, mainly over frontal regions, which was positively associated with cognitive performance. We concluded that BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism, known to exert a significant effect on neuroplasticity, modulates the impact of rTMS both at the cognitive as well as at the associated brain networks expression levels. This data provides new insights on the brain mechanisms explaining cognitive inter-individual differences to TMS, and may inform future, more individually-tailored rTMS interventions.


2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (6) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohammad S. Rohman ◽  
Jonny K. Fajar ◽  
Rina Y. Novira ◽  
Erdo P. Sidarta ◽  
Putu N. B. Saka ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol Volume 15 ◽  
pp. 11-17
Author(s):  
. Soetjipto ◽  
Nur Rochmah ◽  
Muhammad Faizi ◽  
Yuni Hisbiyah ◽  
Anang Endaryanto

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lizhi Zhang ◽  
Jinwei He ◽  
Xiang Sun ◽  
Dongyue Pang ◽  
Jingjing Hu ◽  
...  

Our previous studies have demonstrated that there is a correlation between GLP-1R SNP and the BMD in postmenopausal women. GLP-1 and GIP are both incretins. Whether the mutation of GIPR gene affects bone metabolism. SNP rs10423928 is a GIPR gene polymorphism that has been studied more frequently. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between GIPR SNP rs10423928 and bone-mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women in Shanghai. The GIPR SNP rs10423928 was detected in 884 postmenopausal women in Shanghai, the correlation between the GIPR SNP and BMD was further assessed. The dominant T/T genotype of the GIPR SNP rs10423928 was significantly related to BMD of the femoral neck (P = 0.035) and Ward’s triangle area (P = 0.033). Our research found that the dominant T/T genotype of GIPR SNP rs10423928 in postmenopausal women is significantly associated with higher BMD. The T/T genotype seems to have bone protection.


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