photocatalytic application
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
pp. 100041
M.A. Kareem ◽  
I.T. Bello ◽  
H.A. Shittu ◽  
P. Sivaprakash ◽  
O. Adedokun ◽  

2022 ◽  

<p>The nanocomposites of poly(o-chloroaniline) with titanium dioxide have been prepared via chemical oxidative polymerization technique using o-chloroaniline monomer and titanium dioxide nanoparticles for photocatalytic application. The different composites were prepared by varying the load percentage of titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) in polyorthochloroaniline (POCA) matrix. The synthesized composite materials were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-Rays diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. The POCA/TiO2 nanocomposites were further applied to evaluate the photocatalytic degradation potential towards direct yellow 50 (DY50) dye in an aqueous medium under ultraviolet radiations.</p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 69-73
Ari Sulistyo Rini ◽  
Averin Nabilla ◽  
Yolanda Rati

This study aims to investigate the physical characteristics and photocatalyst activity of biosynthesized ZnO with pineapple (Ananas comosus) peel extract under microwave irradiation. The ZnO powder was prepared in two different concentrations of zinc nitrate hexahydrate (ZNH) at 200mM (Z-200) and 500 mM (Z-500). The optical, structural, and morphological properties of ZnO were analyzed using UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), respectively. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum showed a wide absorbance peak of ZnO at the wavelength of 300-360 nm with a bandgap energy of 3.22 and 3.25 eV. The XRD result confirmed the wurtzite structure of ZnO with high crystallinity. SEM morphology showed spherical particles with an average particle size of 190-220 nm. For photocatalytic application, ZnO film was fabricated via the doctor blade method from microwave-assisted biosynthesized ZnO powder. ZnO films were then applied under UV-irradiation to examine the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue. It was found that the catalytic behavior of ZnO film was affected by the starting ZNH concentration with maximum effectiveness of 46% degradation after 2 h.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 13-18
K. Balachandran ◽  
G. Vijayakumar ◽  
S. Mageswari ◽  
A. Preethi ◽  
M.S. Viswak Senan

TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2) and Ag-doped TiO2 nanocomposites (Ag-TiO2) were synthesized by the Sol-Gel process using titanium tetra isopropoxide as TiO2 and AgNO3 as Ag precursors, respectively. The synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and UV­-Visible analysis. The XRD results show that Ag doping increases the grain size from 22 nm to 36 nm. From the UV-Visible spectra, the redshift in absorbance was observed, which indicates the increase in grain size and it reduces the bandgap. The TEM analysis shows that all the particles are exhibited in the nanometer range. The synthesized nanoparticles show good photocatalytic activity, and they decompose the methyl orange dye within 5 hours.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (12) ◽  
pp. 6135-6142
Sai Zeng ◽  
Ce Liang ◽  
Hai-Hui Yu ◽  
Jun-Ping Wang ◽  
Chao-Bo Xue ◽  

Supported catalysts, consisting of PMo12 immobilized on silver nanomaterials at different recombination time and the silver nanomaterials with different template sodium citrate amount characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, UV-vis and other test methods. The results show that the AgNPs are relatively uniformed with sizes between 100–300 nm when the sodium citrate addition amount is 9.0 mL. As the reaction time of PMo12/AgNPs increases, the adhesion of AgNPs on the surface of PMo12 becomes more complete. Using PMo12 and PMo12/AgNPs composite materials as catalysts, methylene blue (MB) is photocatalytically degraded under simulated visible light conditions. The results show that PMo12 can catalyze MB effectively, and the decolorization rate reached 98.6% when the catalyst content is 2 g/L, the solution pH is 3 and the MB concentration is 5 mg/L. Under the same experimental conditions, photocatalytic performance of the PMo12/AgNPs system is better than that of the PMo12 further improved the photocatalytic degradation effect of the MB solution with a decolorization rate of 100%. The composite still keeps good photocatalytic activity and stability after three cycles of use. Finally, the catalytic mechanism of the POMs composite material is preliminarily discussed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Tathagata Biswas ◽  
Arunima K. Singh

AbstractThe formation and disassociation of excitons play a crucial role in any photovoltaic or photocatalytic application. However, excitonic effects are seldom considered in materials discovery studies due to the monumental computational cost associated with the examination of these properties. Here, we study the excitonic properties of nearly 50 photocatalysts using state-of-the-art Bethe–Salpeter formalism. These ~50 materials were recently recognized as promising photocatalysts for CO2 reduction through a data-driven screening of 68,860 materials. Here, we propose three screening criteria based on the optical properties of these materials, taking excitonic effects into account, to further down select six materials. Furthermore, we study the correlation between the exciton binding energies obtained from the Bethe–Salpeter formalism and those obtained from the computationally much less-expensive Wannier–Mott model for these chemically diverse ~50 materials. This work presents a paradigm towards the inclusion of excitonic effects in future materials discovery for solar-energy harvesting applications.

2021 ◽  
Judith Chebwogen ◽  
Christopher Mkirema Maghanga

Population growth and urbanization have led to water scarcity and pollution, which is a health hazard not only to humans but also to the ecosystem in general. This has necessitated coming up with ways of treating water before consumption. Photocatalysis has proved to be one of the most promising cheap techniques that involve chemical utilization of solar energy. TiO2 widely used in photocatalysis absorbs a narrow range of the solar spectrum compared to ZnO. In this regard, this study aimed at preparing and optimizing cobalt-pigmented ZnO, which is applicable in photocatalytic water treatment. The objectives in this study were to fabricate zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films by anodization, pigment the fabricated films with varying cobalt concentrations, characterize the fabricated films optically, and investigate the cobalt-pigmented ZnO’s performance in the methylene blue degradation under UV light irradiation. Mirror-polished zinc plates were sonicated in ethanol and rinsed. Anodization was done at room temperature in 0.5 M oxalic acid at a constant voltage of 10 V for 60 min, and cobalt electrodeposited in the films. Post-deposition treatment was done at 250°C. Optical properties of the films were studied using a UV-VIS- NIR spectrophotometer in the solar range of 300–2500 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the fabricated films was studied in methylene blue solution degradation in the presence of UV light irradiation for 5 h. Cobalt pigmenting was observed to reduce reflectance and optical band gap from 3.34 to 3.10 eV indicating good photocatalytic properties. In this study, ZnO film pigmented with cobalt for 20 s was found to be the most photocatalytic with a rate constant of 0.0317 h−1 and hence had the optimum cobalt concentration for photocatalytic water treatment. This can be applied in small-scale water purification.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document