sol gel process
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2022 ◽  
Monika Patel ◽  
Sunita Mishra ◽  
Ruchi Verma ◽  
Deep Shikha

Abstract Nanotechnology is a completely unique branch of technology that offers with substances in a very small size between (1-100 nm) with various crystal shapes which include spherical nanoparticles, flower shaped, Nano rods, Nano ribbons, and Nano platelets. Metals have ability to produce large number of oxides. These metal oxides play an major role in many areas of chemistry, physics, material science and food science. In this research, Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Copper (II) oxide nanoparticles were synthesized via sol-gel process using zinc nitrate and copper (II) nitrate as precursor respectively. The characterization of CuO and ZnO nanoparticles was done by using various techniques. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) indicates the crystallinity and crystal size of CuO and ZnO nanoparticle. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to get the infrared spectrum of the sample indicating composition of the sample which contains various functional groups. XRD result shows the particle size of CuO at highest peak 29.40140 was 61.25 nm and the particle size of ZnO at highest peak 36.24760 was 21.82 nm. FT-IR spectra peak at 594.56 cm-1 indicated characteristic absorption bands of ZnO nanoparticles and the broad band peak at 3506.9 cm-1 can be attributed to the characteristic absorption of O-H group. The analysis of FT-IR spectrum of CuO shows peaks at 602.09, 678.39, and 730.19cm−1 which refer to the formation of CuO. A broad absorption peak noticed at 3308.2 cm−1 attributed to O–H stretching of the moisture content.

Gels ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 34
Luis Rodríguez-Alonso ◽  
Jesús López-Sánchez ◽  
Aida Serrano ◽  
Oscar Rodríguez de la Fuente ◽  
Juan Carlos Galván ◽  

Physiological human fluid is a natural corrosive environment and can lead to serious corrosion and mechanical damages to light Mg–Al alloys used in prosthetics for biomedical applications. In this work, organic–inorganic hybrid coatings doped with various environmentally friendly and non-toxic corrosion inhibitors have been prepared by the sol-gel process for the corrosion protection of AZ61 magnesium alloys. Effectiveness has been evaluated by pH measurements, optical microscopy, and SEM during a standard corrosion test in a Hanks’ Balanced Salt Solution. The results showed that the addition of an inhibitor to the sol-gel coating can improve significantly the corrosion performance, being an excellent barrier for the L-cysteine-doped hybrid sol-gel films. The incorporation of TiO2 nanoparticles, 2-Aminopyridine and quinine organic molecules slowed down the corrosion rate of the Mg–Al alloy. Graphene oxide seemed to have the same response to corrosion as the hybrid sol-gel coating without inhibitors.

2022 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
Ricardo Ferrari Ferraz ◽  
Jaine Ferreira Sousa ◽  
Daniel dos Santos Costa ◽  
Raquel Aline Pessoa Oliveira ◽  
Héstia Raissa Batista Reis Lima

2022 ◽  
Vol 964 (1) ◽  
pp. 012033
Hieu M Nguyen ◽  
Khoi A Tran ◽  
Tram T N Nguyen ◽  
Nga N H Do ◽  
Kien A Le ◽  

Abstract Coir, known as coconut fibers, are an abundant cellulosic source in Vietnam, which are mostly discarded when copra and coconut water are taken, causing environmental pollution and waste of potential biomass. In this research, carbon aerogels from chemically pretreated coir were successfully synthesized via simple sol-gel process with NaOH-urea solution, economical freeze-drying, and carbonization. The samples, including pretreated coir, coir aerogels, and carbon aerogels, are characterized using FTIR spectroscopy, SEM, XRD spectroscopy, and TGA. The carbon aerogels exhibit low density (0.034–0.047 g/cm3), high porosity (97.63–98.32 %), and comparable motor oil sorption capacity (22.71 g/g). The properties of carbon aerogels are compared with those of coir aerogels, indicating such better values than those of coir aerogels. Coir-derived carbon aerogels is a potential replacement for the hydrophobically-coated cellulose aerogels in term of treating oil spills.

M. Arunoday ◽  
K. Pradeep Premkumar ◽  
N.V. Ravi Kumar ◽  
R. Subasri
Sol Gel ◽  

I.R. Oliveira ◽  
A.M. Barbosa ◽  
K.W. Santos ◽  
M.C. Lança ◽  
M.M.R.A. Lima ◽  
Sol Gel ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 13-18
K. Balachandran ◽  
G. Vijayakumar ◽  
S. Mageswari ◽  
A. Preethi ◽  
M.S. Viswak Senan

TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2) and Ag-doped TiO2 nanocomposites (Ag-TiO2) were synthesized by the Sol-Gel process using titanium tetra isopropoxide as TiO2 and AgNO3 as Ag precursors, respectively. The synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and UV­-Visible analysis. The XRD results show that Ag doping increases the grain size from 22 nm to 36 nm. From the UV-Visible spectra, the redshift in absorbance was observed, which indicates the increase in grain size and it reduces the bandgap. The TEM analysis shows that all the particles are exhibited in the nanometer range. The synthesized nanoparticles show good photocatalytic activity, and they decompose the methyl orange dye within 5 hours.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Xuanming Lu ◽  
Kazuki Nakanishi

The sol–gel process accompanied by phase separation is one of the methods to prepare hierarchically porous monoliths, hierarchically porous monolith, which is applicable not only to oxides but also to various materials compositions such as metal phosphates, organic-polymers/carbons, metal-organic frameworks. It is not until recently, however, that progress has been made in the preparation of low-valence metal oxide HPMs, such as those of magnesium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, etc. Due to the difficulty of divalent metal precursors to form homogeneous gels, different approaches from those established for trivalent and tetravalent counterparts have been attempted. This short review introduces the methods and trials in the preparation of metal oxide HPMs from divalent metal salts.

amal aboelnaga ◽  
talaat Meaz ◽  
amany M elnahrawy

Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different doses of Velosef in magnesium silica/chitosan nanocomposite in terms of structural, morphology, optical properties, and bioactivity. Loading Velosef in fine-sized magnesium silica/chitosan is an efficient engineering approach for drug delivery. The sol-gel process was used to prepare magnesium silica fine-sized before being blended into chitosan matrix, which acts as a potential morphogenetic biomaterial. The Velosef/magnesium silica/chitosan nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, FTIR, UV-absorption, and antimicrobial studies. The XRD was characteristic of the crystallinity degree of the MgO-SiO2/chitosan/Velosef nanocomposites with three maximum peaks at 26.37°, 33.34o, 36.9°. FTIR results indicated the structural change occurred with the Velosef sol-gel polymerization process. UV-absorbance reveals that the MgO-SiO2/chitosan nanocomposite appeared a high performance for loading Velosef at two absorption bands at 253 and 347 nm. The MgO-SiO2/Chitosan/Velosef nanocomposites showed considerable antimicrobial activity in opposition to the tested representative microorganisms. The maximum antimicrobial activity was obtained with MgO-SiO2/Chitosan against both Escherichia coli and Candida albicans (37 mm), while the minimum antimicrobial activity (30 mm) was recorded against B. mycoides and E. coli with control.

Kexin Li ◽  
Wanyun Zhang ◽  
Kaixin Guo ◽  
Ruirui Cui ◽  
Chaoyong Deng ◽  

Abstract Pure bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3, BFO) and ZnO thin films, as well as BFO/ZnO and ZnO/BFO composite thin films were successfully deposited by a sol-gel process on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si and FTO/glass substrates, respectively. The chemical composition, surface morphology, optical properties, and multiferroicity were systematically investigated. X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy measurements were used to determine the crystalline phase and to analyze the surface morphology. Evidently, the absorption edges of both BFO/ZnO and ZnO/BFO films show a redshift, broadening the absorption range. The leakage current density decreases with the introduction of ZnO, and the ferroelectricity was significantly improved of the bilayers. Thereinto, BFO/ZnO and ZnO/BFO show the highest saturate polarization (2P s) of 46.7 μc/cm2 and the maximum remanent polarization (2P r) of 18.5 μc/cm2, respectively. Meanwhile, the magnetization measurement revealed that both BFO/ZnO and ZnO/BFO exhibiting an enhanced magnetization, especially, BFO/ZnO displays the highest saturation magnetization (2M s, 68.87 emu/cm3) and remanent magnetization (2M r, 4.87 emu/cm3).

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