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2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114403
Shuguang Han ◽  
Xiangnan Kong ◽  
Shitao Xia ◽  
Bin Jia ◽  
Mengqi Dong ◽  

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 646
Peng Jiang ◽  
Zhipeng Li ◽  
Wei Lu ◽  
Yi Ma ◽  
Wenhuai Tian

Developing rare-earth doped oxysulfide phosphors with diverse morphologies has significant value in many research fields such as in displays, medical diagnosis, and information storage. All of the time, phosphors with spherical morphology have been developed in most of the related literatures. Herein, by simply adjusting the pH values of the reaction solution, Gd2O2S:Tb3+ phosphors with various morphologies (sphere-like, sheet-like, cuboid-like, flat square-like, rod-like) were synthesized. The XRD patterns showed that phosphors with all morphologies are pure hexagonal phase of Gd2O2S. The atomic resolution structural analysis by transmission electron microscopy revealed the crystal growth model of the phosphors with different morphology. With the morphological change, the band gap energy of Gd2O2S:Tb3+ crystal changed from 3.76 eV to 4.28 eV, followed by different luminescence performance. The samples with sphere-like and cuboid-like microstructures exhibit stronger cathodoluminescence intensity than commercial product by comparison. Moreover, luminescence of Gd2O2S:Tb3+ phosphors have different emission performance excited by UV light radiation and an electron beam, which when excited by UV light is biased towards yellow, and while excited by an electron beam is biased towards cyan. This finding provides a simple but effective method to achieve rare-earth doped oxysulfide phosphors with diversified and tunable luminescence properties through morphology control.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. e49911125320
Emanoel Igor da Silva Oliveira ◽  
Jean Brito Santos ◽  
Silvana Mattedi ◽  
Nádia Mamede José

This study aimed to evaluate the properties of soda lignin obtained from an unconventional and abundant waste - the rambutan peel - since lignin has been shown as the most promising natural organic feedstock alternative to petroleum for polymer science. FTIR analysis and pH measurements have confirmed the acidic form of lignin, which has shown solubility in a wide range of polarities and so many solvents, making its insertion easy on polymeric matrices. While the ability to absorb UV-light was higher than commercial lignin tested as reference, the morphology and size distribution at microscopic level were less regular than that. When added to a starch-based film, the lignin decreases its natural affinity for water, improving the barrier properties, as well as increasing its thermal resistance. Microorganisms could be developed easily on starch-based films containing this kind of lignin. This material, still underreported for technological applications, points towards as promisor to be a component or additive in polymeric matrices.

yage xing ◽  
Jing Tang ◽  
Xuanlin Li ◽  
Ruihan Huang ◽  
Lin Wu ◽  

This study investigated the ultraviolet (UV) light-induced effect of chitosan-titanium dioxide-silver (CTS-TiO2-Ag) nanocomposite film solution against Penicillium steckii ( ( P. steckii ) , as well as the underlying the physiological mechanism. The results indicated that the longer the UV exposure time, the better the pathogenic inhibition effect. After UV photoinduced treatment for 120 min, the colony diameter of P. steckii was the smallest at 4.85 mm. However, when this process is followed by an 8-h storage period, the conductivity of the P. steckii culture medium reached its highest level at 713 μs/cm. After a 120 h growth period in the same conditions, the lesion diameters and pathogenicity of the mangoes reached 12.61 mm and 41.67%, respectively. Since the cell membrane was severely disrupted, its permeability increased, causing serious intracellular protein and nucleic acid material extravasation. Furthermore, the malondialdehyde (MDA) , catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the   P. steckii reached maximum levels after 8 h of incubation, at 2.1106 μmol/mL, 44.06 U/mL, and 24.67 U/mL respectively. These results indicated significant P. steckii inhibition via the UV light induction of the CTS-TiO 2 -Ag composite film solution.

Bo Li ◽  
Hong Li ◽  
Haocheng Yang ◽  
Yue Shu ◽  
Kejiang Li ◽  

Abstract Pure gelatin hydrogels lack antibacterial function and have poor mechanical properties, which restrict their application in wound dressings. In this study, nanosized silver bromide-doped mesoporous silica (AgBr@SiO2) microspheres with hollow structures were prepared by a modified Stober method. The novel microspheres can not only release silver ions to treat bacteria but also release drugs to treat skin wound. Furthermore, AgBr@SiO2 microspheres were modified with propyl methacrylate, incorporated into methacrylated gelatin (GelMA), and crosslinked by UV light to prepare AgBr@SiO2/GelMA dressings consisting of composite hydrogels. The results showed that the AgBr@SiO2 microspheres could enhance the mechanical properties of the hydrogels. With the increase in the AgBr@SiO2 concentration from 0.5 to 1 mg/mL, the dressings demonstrated effective antimicrobial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Furthermore, full-thickness skin wounds in vivo wound healing studies with Sprague–Dawley rats were evaluated. When treated with AgBr@SiO2/GelMA containing 1 mg/mL AgBr@SiO2, only 15% of the wound area left on day 10. Histology results also showed the epidermal and dermal layers were better organized. These results suggest that AgBr@SiO2/GelMA-based dressing materials could be promising candidates for wound dressings.

Synthesis ◽  
2022 ◽  
Dishu Zeng ◽  
Tianbao Yang ◽  
Niu Tang ◽  
Wei Deng ◽  
Jiannan Xiang ◽  

A simple, mild, green and efficient method for the synthesis of 2-aminobenzamides was highly desired in organic synthesis. Herein, we developed an efficient, one-pot strategy for the synthesis of 2-aminobenzamides with high yields irradiated by UV light. 32 examples proceeded successfully by this photo-induced protocol. The yield reached up to 92%. The gram scale was also achieved easily. This building block could be applied in the preparation of quinazolinones derivatives. Amino acid derivatives could be employed smoothly at room temperature. Finally, a plausible mechanism was proposed.

2022 ◽  
Ana N Strat ◽  
Alexander Kirschner ◽  
Hannah Yoo ◽  
Ayushi Singh ◽  
Tyler Bague ◽  

In glaucoma, astrocytes within the optic nerve head (ONH) rearrange their actin cytoskeleton, while becoming reactive and upregulating intermediate filament glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Increased transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGFβ2) levels have been implicated in glaucomatous ONH dysfunction. A key limitation of using conventional 2D culture to study ONH astrocyte behavior is the inability to faithfully replicate the in vivo ONH microenvironment. Here, we engineer a 3D ONH astrocyte hydrogel to better mimic in vivo mouse ONH astrocyte (MONHA) morphology, and test induction of MONHA reactivity using TGFβ2. Primary MONHAs were isolated from C57BL/6J mice and cell purity confirmed. To engineer 3D cell-laden hydrogels, MONHAs were mixed with photoactive extracellular matrix components (collagen type I, hyaluronic acid) and crosslinked for 5 minutes using a photoinitiator (0.025% riboflavin) and UV light (405-500 nm, 10.3 mW/cm2). MONHA-encapsulated hydrogels were cultured for 3 weeks, and then treated with TGFβ2 (2.5, 5.0 or 10 ng/ml) for 7 days to assess for reactivity. Following encapsulation, MONHA retained high cell viability in hydrogels and continued to proliferate over 4 weeks as determined by live/dead staining and MTS assays. Sholl analysis demonstrated that MONHAs within hydrogels developed increasing process complexity with longer process length over time. Cell processes connected with neighboring cells, coinciding with Connexin43 expression within astrocytic processes. Treatment with TGFβ2 induced reactivity in MONHA-encapsulated hydrogels as determined by altered F-actin cytoskeletal morphology, increased GFAP expression, and elevated fibronectin and collagen IV deposition. Our data sets the stage for future use of this 3D biomimetic ONHA-encapsulated hydrogel to investigate ONHA behavior in response to glaucomatous insult.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 496
Lisa Krautwald ◽  
Ralf Smeets ◽  
Carolin Stolzer ◽  
Rico Rutkowski ◽  
Linna Guo ◽  

The influence of UV light and non-thermal plasma on the osseointegration of yttria-stabilized zirconia implants (Y-TZP) comparing the two methods is unclear. The aim of this study was to show the influence of these methods on the osseointegration of dental zirconia implants in an animal model. A total of 54 implants were either untreated, treated with UV light (UV), or non-thermal oxygen plasma for 12 min and inserted into the parietal bones of six domestic pigs. The animals were sacrificed after a healing interval of two, four, and nine weeks. The degree of osseointegration was determined using histomorphometric determination of bone-to-implant contact values (BIC) and the bone-to-implant contact values within the retentive parts of the implants (BAFO). BIC values decreased in all groups after four weeks of healing and re-increased after nine weeks in all groups. BAFO increased significantly over time in all groups. However, there were no statistically significant differences in BIC and BAFO values between the control group and the test groups and over time. Clinical studies may follow to confirm the influence of cold plasma and UV light on the healing and survival of zirconia implants.

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