Specialized Hospital
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2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 2-17
Hye-Ran Jeong ◽  
Jee-Hee Pyo ◽  
Eun-Young Choi ◽  
Ju-Young Kim ◽  
Young-Kwon Park ◽  

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to seek in-depth perspectives of stakeholders on the necessity and specific criteria for designating a specialized hospital for urologic diseases.Methods: Eight participants experts in urology medicine and specialized hospital system were divided into four groups. Following the semi-structured guidelines, an in-depth interview was conducted twice and a focus group discussion was conducted three times. All the interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed.Results: The majority of participants predicted that there would be demand for specialized hospitals for urologic diseases. The criteria of designating a specialized hospital, such as the number of hospital beds and quality of health care, have to be modified in consideration of the specificity of urology. The introduction of a specialized hospital would improve the healthcare delivery system, positively affecting hospitals and patients. Furthermore, government support is essential for the maintenance of specialized hospital systems as urology hospitals experience difficulties in generating profits.Conclusion: This study is expected to be used as base data for introducing and operating a specialized hospital for urologic diseases. In addition, it is expected that the methodology and results of this study would encourage follow-up studies on specialized hospitals and provide guidelines to evaluate the effectiveness of such hospitals in other medical fields.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Muche Argaw ◽  
Yibeltal Mesfin ◽  
Shegaw Geze ◽  
Keyredin Nuriye ◽  
Bitew Tefera ◽  

Introduction. Preterm premature rupture of membrane is the rupture of membrane before 37 weeks of gestational age. It complicates approximately 3 percent of pregnancies and leads to one-third of preterm births. It increases the risk of prematurity and leads to several other perinatal and neonatal complications, including the risk of fetal death. Although the prevalence and associated factors of preterm premature rupture of the membrane were well studied in high-income countries, there is a scarcity of evidence in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. Method. A hospital-based cross-sectional study design was conducted from 1st June to 30th June 2021 in Wolkite comprehensive specialized hospital. One hundred ninety nine (199) pregnant women were included as study subjects using a systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. It carried out descriptive statistical analysis and statistical tests like the odds ratio. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Statistically, significant tests were declared at a level of p value < 0.05. Result. The magnitude of preterm premature rupture membrane is 6.6%. Having gestational diabetes mellitus ( AOR = 5.99 (95% CI: 1.01, 32.97) and previous history of abortion ( AOR = 5.31 (95% CI: 1.06, 26.69) were found to be significantly associated with preterm premature rupture of membrane. Conclusion. Having gestational diabetes mellitus and having a previous history of abortion were significantly associated with preterm premature rupture of membrane.

2021 ◽  
pp. 7-9
S. V. Nikolaeva ◽  
Yu. N. Khlypovka ◽  
E. K. Shushakova ◽  
N. A. Meshkova ◽  
D. A. Khavkina ◽  

The objective. To evaluate the frequency and laboratory characteristics of pneumonia in children when influenza is combined with other respiratory viruses.Materials and methods. We examined 72 children aged 1 month to 17 years who were hospitalized in a specialized hospital in 2017–2019 with influenza type A (72 %) or B (28 %). The main group included 36 patients who had a laboratory-confirmed combination of influenza with other respiratory viruses, and the comparison group included 36 cases in which influenza was the only pathogen detected.Results. The analysis of the frequency of complications showed that in the main group, pneumonia developed significantly more often – in 22 % (8 children), and in the comparison group – in 6 % (2 children, p < 0.05).Conclusions. 1) The combination of influenza with other respiratory viruses is a risk factor for the development of pneumonia in children. 2) There are no significant changes in the indicators of clinical blood analysis in pneumonia developing against the background of influenza, including in combination with other respiratory viruses.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 100155
Abdella Birhan Yabeyu ◽  
Meaza Adugna Ayanaw ◽  
Kaleab Taye Haile ◽  
Zemene Demelash Kifle

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Yutaka Oda ◽  
Motoko Shimada ◽  
Satoshi Shiraishi ◽  
Osamu Kurai

Abstract Purpose To elucidate the clinical course of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treated at a specialized hospital mainly for those with mild and moderate severity during the third wave, and to compare that with the first and second (1st/2nd) waves. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the severity on admission, treatment, and outcome of a total of 581 patients from September, 2020, to March, 2021, and examined the risk factors for deterioration of respiratory condition, defined as requiring oxygen ≥ 7 L/min for 12 h. Results The median age was 78 (interquartile range 62−83) years, older than in the 1st/2nd waves (53 years), and 50% of the patients was male. The number of patients classified as mild (peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≥ 96%), moderate I, II, and severe (requiring admission to the ICU or mechanical ventilation) was 121, 324, 132, and 4, respectively. Favipiravir, ciclesonide, dexamethasone, and/or heparin were administered for treatment. Respiratory condition recovered in 496 (85%) patients. It worsened in 81 patients (14%); 51 (9%) of whom were transferred to tertiary hospitals and 30 (5%) died. Mortality rate increased by fivefold compared during the 1st/2nd waves. Age, male sex, increased body mass index, and C-reactive protein (CRP) on admission were responsible for worsening of the respiratory condition. Conclusion Patients were older in the third wave compared with the 1st/2nd waves. Respiratory condition recovered in 85%; whereas 5% of the patients died. Old age, male sex, increased body mass index, and CRP would be responsible for worsening of the respiratory condition.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 ◽  
Moges Gelaw Taye ◽  
Amelework Molla ◽  
Diriba Teshome ◽  
Metages Hunie ◽  
Simegnew Kibret ◽  

Background: Early postoperative hypoxemia is a common problem after general anesthesia. The identification of factors associated with an increased occurrence of it might help healthcare professionals to hypoxemia risk patients, therefore this study aims to assess the incidence and factors associated with early postoperative hypoxemia among surgical procedures.Methods: A prospective cohort study design was conducted from February 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020, on a total of 424 patients who underwent surgery under general anesthesia in Debre Tabor Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. The data was collected using a structured checklist. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regressions were used to check the association.Results: The incidence of early postoperative hypoxemia was 45.8%. Patients having a BMI of 25-29.9 kg/m2 and BMI of 30-39.9 kg/m2, patients having a chronic disease, current smokers, SPO2 reading before induction of less than 95%, emergency surgery, and the absence of oxygen therapy during the period of transfer and/or in the post anesthesia care unit were significantly associated with an increased risk of hypoxemia in the early postoperative period.Conclusions: The incidence of early postoperative hypoxemia was high in Debre Tabor Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. Obese patients, patients having a chronic disease, current smokers, and lower oxygen saturations before induction, emergency surgery, and the absence of oxygen therapy were the main predictors of an increased occurrence of early postoperative hypoxemia

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