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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 981
Stavros Kalogiannidis ◽  
Ermelinda Toska ◽  
Fotios Chatzitheodoridis

Civil protection has attracted considerable attention due to its role in disaster management and preparedness, being essential in alerting the public about potential disasters and crisis recovery measures. However, there is limited research on civil protection and its vital role in urban economy recovery. Therefore, we sought to comprehensively investigate the impact of civil protection on economic growth and the development of the urban economy, focusing on a small-sized Greek city, Kozani, as a case study. We utilized data from 160 residents of Kozani. The study findings confirmed that the key focus areas of civil protection, namely, the national early warning system, crisis preparedness measures and economy rescue operations, significantly affect economic growth and development. Furthermore, the key strategies essential for improved civil protection, such as government support, positively affect economic growth.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 4-8
Luwen Zhang

Green finance is an important guarantee to promote the development and structural transformation of green industries in China and is also the power source to implement the concept of green development during the "13th Five-Year Plan". The development of green finance is inseparable from the support of financial and taxation policies. Based on this background, there is a certain connection between green finance and corporate values. When companies strengthen their political relations, there will be certain positive and negative effects on the company's future development. Green development should be the goal, and the financial and tax performance of companies should be enhanced in strengthening the development of green finance. The most important thing for companies, regardless of the industry, is to interact with the government to improve their development goals and performance, maintain their rights and interests through political relations and policies, and obtain government support to achieve sustainable development of the company. Therefore, this study focuses on the political relationship between green finance development and financial performance and examines the intervention of political ties on corporate green investment and corporate performance. The results confirm that politically connected companies have more resources and protect the natural environment while improving their financial performance.

Øystein Moen ◽  
Mohammad Falahat ◽  
Yan-Yin Lee

AbstractThis study investigates and compares born global (BG) firms and non-BG firms in Malaysia. We employed the multigroup analysis technique with structural equation models to test six hypotheses to determine the differences and similarities between two proposed models of BG and non-BG firms across a wide range of industries. The study reveals differences between the antecedents of marketing capabilities for BGs versus non-BGs, indicating that the performance enabling mechanisms differ between the groups. More precisely, the ability of BG firms to convert digital and entrepreneurial orientations into marketing capabilities is found to be a distinguishing characteristic of these firms. Moreover, non-BGs utilize government support to build marketing capabilities and obtain superior performance in the international market. This result suggests that governmental export promotion initiatives in Malaysia should be adjusted to increase relevance for BGs. The findings indicate that marketing capabilities play an essential role in the international market performance of both BGs and non-BGs. An important implication is that managerial focus and actions need to be adjusted depending on the type of firm. The two types of firms are not equal; if they are managed similarly, misjudgment will arise.

Land ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 122
Liyuan Zhang ◽  
Xiang Ma ◽  
Young-Seok Ock ◽  
Lingli Qing

Industrial green technology innovation has become an important content in achieving high-quality economic growth and comprehensively practicing the new development concept in the new era. This paper measures the efficiency of industrial green technology innovation and regional differences based on Chinese provincial panel data from 2005 to 2018, using a combination of the super efficiency slacks-based measure (SBM) model for considering undesirable outputs and the Dagum Gini coefficient method, and discusses and analyses the factors influencing industrial green technology innovation efficiency by constructing a spatial econometric model. The results show that: firstly, industrial green technology innovation efficiency in China shows a relatively stable development trend, going through three stages: “stationary period”, “recession period” and “growth period”. However, the efficiency gap between different regions is obvious, specifically in the eastern > central > western regions of China, and the industrial green technology efficiency innovation in the central and western regions is lower than the national average. Secondly, regional differences in the efficiency of industrial green technology innovation in China are evident but tend to narrow overall, with the main reason for the overall difference being regional differences. In terms of intra-regional variation, variation within the eastern region is relatively stable, variation within the central region is relatively low and shows an inverted ‘U’ shaped trend, and variation within the western region is high and shows a fluctuating downward trend. Thirdly, the firm size, government support, openness to the outside world, environmental regulations and education levels contribute to the efficiency of industrial green technology innovation. In addition, the industrial structure hinders the efficiency of industrial green technology innovation, and each influencing factor has different degrees of spatial spillover effects.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Anthony Nkrumah Agyabeng ◽  
Patience Obeng Ahwireng ◽  
Justice Nyigmah Bawole ◽  
Michael Kwame Mickson ◽  
Albert Ahenkan

PurposeThe purpose of the study was to examine the electricity challenges confronting slums in order to understand the health implications thereof.Design/methodology/approachThe study utilized purposive sampling techniques supported by the convenience sampling method within the context of qualitative research to select 30 interviewees of varying demographics for in-depth interviews.FindingsThe findings revealed that slums faced various forms of challenges that are attributable to lack of government support, stringent procedures and financial hardship, among others. The study also found that a lack of health education in the slums has resulted in health problems, such as skin diseases, stomach aches, cholera, typhoid and childbirth complications.Research limitations/implicationsThe outcome of this study cannot be generalized to represent the whole population of slums within context due to the qualitative approach.Practical implicationsThe study advanced the frontiers of slum literature to understand contextual issues that are important to policymakers and practitioners.Originality/valueThis study revealed a country-specific understanding of the challenges confronting slum dwellers in accessing electricity through the perspective of the two-factor theory of motivation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-22
Melanie Müller

Abstract The survival of minority governments depends on support from non-cabinet parties that strive to safeguard government stability while also fulfilling their accountability to the electorate. This article argues that non-cabinet parties' propensity to support the government depends on their desire to uphold distinctiveness when accountability is at stake. This even applies to opposition parties that are officially committed to minority government support and, as a trade-off, receive policy pay-offs. By analysing opposition party voting in 23 years of Swedish minority governments (1991–2018), the article suggests that ideologically distant support parties are more likely to oppose the government on their core issues since compromise would involve too-large concessions. These results question our understanding of support party pay-offs as a trade-off for minority government support and highlight the rationality of entering a support agreement, which gives the support party a certain degree of policy influence while also keeping a distinct party profile.

Agriculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 90
Mostafa Ghadami ◽  
Andreas Dittmann ◽  
Mousa Pazhuhan ◽  
Naser Aligholizadeh Firouzjaie

This research investigates the reasons of changing the agricultural land use to tourism in a developing country with different political, economic and social context (Iran). The method used in this research is qualitative, and unstructured interviews have been used to collect data. The target population of the research includes farmers who have sold their farmlands to investors in the tourism sector and experts from the agricultural department of the relevant county. The interviewees have been selected through using snowball method and after reaching theoretical saturation, the data collection process was stopped. The results showed that various macro and micro factors affected the process of changing the agricultural land uses to tourism, including the weakness of the agricultural sector in creating income and job opportunities compared to the tourism sector, the weakness of the land use laws and the lack of inter-organizational coordination in law enforcement, the weakness of the property registration system and the lack of a national cadaster, the lack of effective government support of the agricultural sector, the rapid rise in land prices and, ultimately, the change in the attitude of farmers both old and young once towards the agricultural activity and the level of welfare.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 85
Darmansyah Darmansyah

Background: The achievement indicators of the healthy Indonesia program with a family approach (PIS-PK) at the Nagan Raya District Health Center was still low. The implementation of the PIS-PK program was only training, preparation, analysis of the initial healthy family index. In contrast, further intervention and analysis have not run optimally, so the existing data has not been used appropriately.Objective: The purpose of the study, to analyze the implementation of the healthy Indonesia program with a family approach at the Public Health Centers (PHC) in Nagan Raya Regency.Method: This research design is a cross sectional study conducted in Nagan Raya Regency in 2021. The data were collected using a questionnaire with a sample size of 70 officers. The measurement of the variables of government support, infrastructure, community support, human resources for health workers, monitoring and evaluation, was measured using a questionnaire sheet. Data analysis used Chi-Square statistical test and Binary Logistic Regression with a significance level of 95%.Results: The results was showed that there was a relationship between community support (p= 0.010, OR = 3.72), facilities and infrastructure (p= 0.019, OR= 3.2),, government support (p= 0.00, OR= 6.15), health personnel resources (p=0.008, OR= 4.8), monitoring evaluation (p= 0.007, OR= 4.52) with the implementation of the PIS-PK program. Based on the multivariate test, the dominant variable associated with the PIS-PK program was government support.Conclusion: The good government support is 6.15 times related to the success of the PIS-PK program implementation program compared to less government support.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 96-104
Evgeniy Ivanov ◽  
Liya Malinina ◽  
Nikolay Pushkarenko ◽  
Lyudmila Kornilova ◽  
Anatoliy Korotkov

The modern hop-growing industry occupies a small share in the structure of domestic agricultural production. However, being the main supplier of hops, as the most important agricultural raw material for many sectors of the economy, it has been on the rise in recent years and is increasing production volumes every year. This is largely facilitated by financial government support in terms of reimbursement of current and capital costs associated with the establishment of hops and the cultivation of hops. The purpose of the study is to consider the main theoretical and methodological aspects of organizing production accounting, which will provide unified approaches to justifying costs for filing applications by hop farms for government subsidies. As a result of the analysis, it turned out that there is no updated regulatory framework for accounting for the reflection of costs in hop-growing farms, including the basic industry standard “Hop-growing. Terms and definitions ”, and in the very mechanism for issuing state subsidies, the question of the structure and content of the information carrier about the costs incurred has not been finally worked out. A small number of international and Russian studies to determine the essential characteristics of hops as a biological asset have a negative impact on the construction of the accounting process. Consideration of the theory and study of the practice of organizing the accounting of costs in hop farms made it possible to update the accounting procedures for the main agro-technological stages in accordance with the current regulatory documents in this area and to put forward the thesis on the need to use 1 ton of alpha-acid as a calculating unit and a universal meter when making calculations with counterparties

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